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HURTA94186

Luchita Hurtado

Photo: Luchita Hurtado

Born in Maiquetía, Venezuela, in 1920, Luchita Hurtado has dedicated seventy years of her painting and drawing practice to the investigation of universality and transcendence. Developing her artistic vocabulary through a coalescence of abstraction, mysticism, corporality and landscape, the breadth of her experimentation with unconventional techniques, materials and styles speak to the multicultural and experiential contexts that have shaped her life and career. Hurtado emigrated to the United States in 1928, settling in New York where she attended classes at the Art Students League. She relocated to Mexico City in the late 1940s and, in the following decade, moved to San Francisco Bay, making frequent visits to Taos, New Mexico, and ultimately settling in Los Angeles.

Although she associated with a vast network of internationally renowned artists and intellectuals, including members of Dynaton, Mexican muralists, and Surrealists, Hurtado’s practice has always remained an independent pursuit. Her body of work is cohered through an examination of self-affirmation, introduced in her early period from the 1940s to the 1960s in an output defined by surrealist figuration, biomorphism and geometric abstraction, executed in brightly hued palettes with striking expressive range. Hurtado’s work continued to evolve throughout the 1960s and 1970s, demonstrating a marked shift toward naturalistic representation and figuration that led to a production of contemplative self-portraits known as her ‘I am’ paintings. Asserting her presence through a personal perspective of the body— rendered from above at skewed angles— Hurtado coalesces our gaze with hers, creating a depth of field activated by the unexpected position of the floor as a backdrop, juxtaposing soft corporeal lines against the hard edge geometric patterns of a Southwestern rug. This series was followed by a group of surrealist Body Landscapes wherein the human figure assumes the form of mountains and desert sand dunes. Functioning as a symbolic proxy and an intimate meditation on the Earth as mystic progenitor, these works underscore the interconnection between corporeality and the natural world— a delicate balance that is now in jeopardy. Hurtado recognizes the urgency of this ecological crisis and her environmental advocacy continues to inform and suffuse the ever-expansive visual language of her work.

Biography

Born Maiquetía, Venezuela, 1920

Resides Lives and works in Santa Monica CA

Solo Exhibitions

2020 Museo Tamayo, 'I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn', Mexico City, Mexico (Travelling Exhibition)
Hauser & Wirth, 'Just Down the Street', Zurich, Switzerland
LACMA Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 'I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn', Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)

2019 Serpentine Sackler Gallery, 'I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn', London, UK (Travelling Exhibition)
Hauser & Wirth, 'Dark Years', New York NY

2017 Annenberg Community Beach House, ‘Figures and Icons’, Santa Monica CA

2016 Park View, ‘Luchita Hurtado. Selected Works, 1942-1950’, Los Angeles CA

1974 The Woman’s Building, ‘Luchita Hurtado. Grandview One’, Los Angeles CA

Group Exhibitions

2020 The Israel Museum, ‘Bodyscapes’, cur. Adina Kamien-Kazhdan, Jerusalem, Israel
Kasmin Gallery, ‘Valley of Gold. Southern California and the Phantasmagoric’, New York NY

2019 MFA Museum of Fine Arts Boston, ‘Women Take the Floor’, Boston MA
The Amon Carter Museum of American Art, 'Set in Motion: Camille Utterback and Art That Moves', Fort Worth TX
Hauser & Wirth, 'Material Actions', St. Moritz, Switzerland

2018 Hammer Museum, 'Made in L.A. 2018', (cur. Anne Ellegood, Erin Christovale), Los Angeles CA
Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 'Summer Nocturne. Works on Paper from the 1970s', Santa Barbara CA
Matthew Marks Gallery, 'Painting. Now and Forever, Part III', New York NY
The Gallery @ Michael's, Santa Monica CA
Hannah Hoffman Gallery, 'Gallery Share', Los Angeles CA

2016 Night Club, ‘Home’, Chicago IL

2007 Track 16, ‘Women Artists of Southern California Then and Now’, (cur. Bruria Finkel), Santa Monica CA

2004 Arena 1, ‘Santa Monica Originals’, Santa Monica CA

1994 Carnegie Art Museum, 'The Mystical in Art. Chicano/Latino Painting', (cur. Frank Romero), Oxnard CA

1990 Transamerica Galleries, ‘West by Southwest’, (cur. Patrick H. Ela), Los Angeles CA

1972 Long Beach Museum of Art, ‘Invisible/Visible’, (cur. Dextra Frankel), Long Beach CA

1958 Art Center, 'The Collection of Dr. and Mrs. Paul Wescher', La Jolla CA

Lectures

2018 Hammer Museum, 'Patterns Found in the World. Luchita Hurtado and Andrianna Campbell', Los Angeles CA
Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, 'Luchita Hurtado in Conversation with Hans Ulrich Obrist', Los Angeles CA

2015 Equitable Vitrines, ‘Luchita Hurtado and Chris Wiley in Conversation’, Los Angeles CA

2013 Les FIgues Press, ‘Farewell to Surrealism. Luchita Hurtado in Conversation with Annette Leddy’, Venice CA

Bibliography

Monographs

2019 Constable, Joseph, Lewin, Rebecca (eds.), ‘Luchita Hurtado. I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn’, Cologne: Walther König, 2019, ill. (exh. cat.)
Lehrer-Graiwer, Sarah, 'Luchita Hurtado. Dark Years', New York: Hauser & Wirth Publishers, 2019, ill. (exh. cat)

Selected Publications

2020 Kamien-Kazhdan, Adina (ed.), ‘Bodyscapes’, Jerusalem: The Israel Museum, 2020 (exh. cat.)

2018 Ellegood, Anne, Christovale, Erin, ‘Made In L.A. 2018’, Los Angeles: Hammer Museum, Munich/New York: DelMonico Books/Prestel, 2018 (exh. cat.)

2016 Hopkins, David (ed.), ‘A Companion to Dada and Surrealism’, Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016

1985 Albright, Thomas, ‘Art in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1945-1980, An Illustrated History’, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985

1972 Frankel, Dextra, ‘Invisible/Visible. 21 Artists’, Long Beach: Long Beach Museum of Art, 1972 (exh. cat.)

Selected Press

2020 Murray, Yxta Maya, 'Luchita Hurtado. Los Angeles County Museum of Art', in: Artforum, New York, July 2020, pp. 156-157, ill.
Mann, Mhairi, 'Masterpiece London goes online: what to look out for at the world's biggest cross-collecting art fair', on: luxurylondon.co.uk, 22 June 2020, ill.
___, 'Reading Rämistrasse #4: Daniel Baumann zu Luchita Hurtado bei Hauser & Wirth', on: kunsthallezurich.ch, 18 June 2020, ill.
Perry Barlo, 'Luchita Hurtado - Just Down the Street', on: www.paris-la.com , 20 May 2020, ill.
Eisler, Maryam, 'Confined Artists – Free Spirits' [Interview], on: www.lux-mag.com , 18 May 2020, ill.
Almino, Elisa Wouk, 'Luchita Hurtado’s Persistent Perspective', on: www.nybooks.com , 16 May 2020, ill.
Wise, Louis, 'She was a friend of Kahlo and Duchamp. And now we've realised Luchita Hurtado made gorgeous art too' [interview], in: The Sunday Times, Culture, London, 3 May 2020, ill.
Buck, Louisa, 'Artists open their studios during lockdown, using virtual tours to bring art to the people', in: The Art Newspaper, London, no. 233, May 2020, p. 39, ill.
___, 'Luchita Hurtado at Los Angeles County Museum of Art', on: contemporaryartdaily.com , 21 April 2020
Cohen, Alina, 'How Surrealism Changes Los Angeles Forever', on: www.artsy.net , 17 April 2020
Varnell, Elizabeth, 'How to Visit California's Museums From Home', on: magazinec.com , 8 April 2020
___, 'Is There an Ideal Age to Be an Artist?', on: elephant.art, 8 April 2020
McMullin, Thomas, 'The Art World Goes Virtual', on: frieze.com , 30 March 2020
___, 'Hier entsteht echte Kreativität', in: SonntagsZeitung, Zurich, 29 March 2020
Zappas, Lindsay Preston, ‘Art Insider Mar. 17: Hong Kong art fair goes digital, Luchita Hurtado-inspired project to do at home’, on: www.kcrw.com , 17 March 2020
Borcherdt, Gesine, ‘Meine “Kunst war immer da”’, in Welt am Sonntag, Berlin, 15 March 2020
ARTNews Editors, ‘Art Basel Hong Kong’s Online Viewing Room Exhibitor List, David Nahmad Raffles Off a Picasso, and More: Morning Links from March 12, 2020’, on: www.artnews.com , 12 March 2020
Hosmann, Annik, ‘Luchita Hurtado: Besser Spät Als Nie’, in ZüriTipp, Zurich, 10 March 2020, p. 35
Zappas, Lindsay Preston, ‘Art Insider Mar. 10: Luchita Hurtado, Catherine Opie, clay biennial’, on: www.kcrw.com , 10 March 2020
___, ‘Emerging Artist Luchita Hurtado Has Gone Global at Age 99’, on: www.abc7.com , 10 March 2020
Hurtado, Luchita, ‘90s’ in: Elephant Magazine, London, no. 42, Spring 2020, p. 52, ill.
Steer, Emily,‘Time’s Boomerang Circles Back’, in: Elephant Magazine, London, no. 42, Spring 2020, pp. 17-18, ill.

(cont'd) O’Grady, Megan, ‘Is It Possible to Feel Creatively Connected Without Social Media?’, on: www.nytimes.com, 4 March 2020
Almino, Elisa Wouk, ‘Hyperallergic Los Angeles Art Guide’, in: Hyperallergic, New York, Spring 2020, p. 4, ill.
Miranda, Carolina, ‘Datebook: At Candlewood, installations inspired by a desert community’, on: www.latimes.com, 28 February 2020
___, ‘10 Must See Exhibitions This Week From Paris to Los Angeles and Beyond’, on: www.surfacemag.com, 24 February 2020
Pener, Degen, Jordan, Riefe, ‘Frieze’s “Recognition of the L.A. Art Scene”’, in: The Hollywood Reporter, Los Angeles, 12 February 2020, pp. 48, 50, ill.
Miranda, Carolina, ‘Datebook: At Age 99, Painter Luchita Hurtado Gets a Survey at LACMA’, on: www.latimes.com, 12 February 2020
Finkel, Jori, ‘“At 99, I’m Another Person Entirely”: Luchita Hurtado on fossil fuels and new challenges ahead’, on: www.theartnewspaper.com, 12 February 2020
Crow, Kelly, ‘The Art World’s 99-Year-Old Discovery’, in: The Wall Street Journal, New York, 12 February 2020, p. 12, ill.
Cascone, Sarah, ‘In LA for Frieze Week? Here Is Our Guide to 22 Mind-Expanding Museum Shows to See if You Want to Venture Beyond the Fairs’, on: www.artnews.com, 11 February 2020
___, ‘Exposiciones Nacionales e Internacionales Que No Te Puedes Perder en CDMX’, on:sobrevivientes.mx, 1 February 2020
Finkel, Jori, ‘Luchita Hurtado: “When I was 30, I was one person. At 60 I was someone else. Now at 99, I’m another person entirely’, in The Art Newspaper, vol. 29, no. 320, February 2020, pp. 11-12, ill.
Hessel, Katy, The Great Women Artists Podcast, ‘Hans Ulrich Obrist on Faith Ringgold and Luchita Hurtado’, Episode 16, 28 January 2020 (podcast)
Quiroga, Ricardo, ‘Modigliani, Picasso y otras figuras, en días de austeridad’, on: www.eleconomista.com.mx, 27 January 2020
Singer, Fanny, ‘Fog Machine’, on: www.artforum.com, 23 January 2020
Greenberger, Alex, ‘Made in L.A., Closely Watched Biennial with a Spotlight on California, Reveals Artist List for 2020 Edition’, on: www.artnews.com, 21 January 2020
Nava, Mauricio, ‘De Modigliani a Picasso: expos imperdibles de 2020’, on: www.chilango.com, 21 January 2020

2019 Jansen, Charlotte, ‘The Art Movements of the 2010s’, on: www.artsy.net, 18 December 2019
Artsy Editors, ‘The Most Influential Artists of 2019’, on: www.artsy.net, 11 December 2019
___, ‘It’s Never Too Late: 20 Art-World Superstars Who Only Found Success Long After Others Would Have Given Up’, on: news.artnet.com, 20 November 2019
___, ‘The Originals: Luchita Hurtado, Artist’, in: W Magazine, vol. 48, no. 7, 8 November 2019, pp. 132
Hedges, Frances, ‘A Life in Art: Luchita Hurtado’, in: Harper’s Bazaar, New York, November 2019, pp. 58-61
Maximilíano, Durón, ‘‘She’s Just Getting Started’: On the Cusp of Her 99th Birthday, Americans for the Arts Honors Artist Luchita Hurtado’, on: www.artnews.com, 22 October 2019
Dube, Ilene, ‘Finally, a Deeper Look at Luchita Hurtado’s Long Career’, on: www.hyperallergic.com, 17 October 2019
___, ‘BBC 100 Women 2019: Who is on the list this year?’, on: www.bbc.com, 16 October 2019
Airoldi, Silvia, ‘L’agenda delle mostre di ottobre da vedere nella seconda settimana del mese’, on: www.elledecor.com, 12 October 2019
Fanelli, Franco, ‘A Napoli l’arte si guarda al cinema’, on: www.ilgiornaledellarte.com, 8 October 2019
Harris, Gareth, da Silva, José, ‘Frieze returns to safe haven of painting amid threat of recession and political instability’, on: www.theartnewspaper.com, London, 5 October 2019
___, ‘Luchita Hurtado: I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn’, in: Whitewaller, 2 October 2019, pp. 66
Parlato, Lucilla, ‘Artecinema tra San Carlo e Augusteo: 30 docu sull’arte contemporanea’, on: www.identitainsorgenti.com, 1 October 2019
von Elten, Sabrina, ‘Malerinnen im Dialog bei Hauser & Wirth’, in: Engadiner Post, 18 July 2019, pp. 13
Whyte, Murray, ‘At the MFA, a new show confronts centuries of sexism – including the museum’s own’, on: www.bostonglobe.com, 19 September 2019
Obrist, Hans Ulrich, ‘David Lynch’s Universe Knows No Bounds’, on: www.surfacemag.com, 18 September 2019
___, ‘Best of the Best: Luchita Hurtado: ‘I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn’, in: Time Out London, 23 July 2019
___, ‘Neues aus den Galerien’, in: Informationsdienst Kunst, Zurich, 11 July 2019
Ray, Debika, ‘At Masterpiece London, Contemporary and Traditional Treasures Hide in Plain Sight’, on: www.architecturaldigest.com, London, 27 June 2019
___, ‘Luchita Artworks are views from the top’, on: www.dailytimes.com, 24 May 2019
___, ‘London artist hosts first gallery exhibition aged 98’, on: www.bbc.com, 24 May 2019
Shaw, Anny, ‘David Hockney and Luchita Hurtado named in Time 100 list of most influential people’, on: www.theartnewspaper.com, 18 April 2019
ElGenaidi, Deena, ‘LACMA Acquires Eight New Works, and Harvard Museums Receive 70 Otto Piene Sketchbooks’, on: www.hyperallergic.com, 18 April 2019

2018 Cotter, Holland, ‘Los Angeles Welcomes You’, in: The New York Times, 16 August 2018, p. C11
Smith, Roberta, ‘Fresh Broad Strokes Of an Incomplete Survey’, in: The New York Times, 2 August 2018, p. C13
Obrist, Hans Ulrich, ‘The Last Surrealist’, in: 032c, Summer 2018, pp. 130-139
Wagley, Catherine, ‘The Way Men Never See Women. The Rediscovered Paintings of Luchita Hurtado’, in: Flash Art, No. 321, Vol. 51, June-August 2018, pp. 58-65

(cont'd) Riefe, Jordan, ‘Ambitious, Diverse and Topical: “Made in L.A. 2018” Is the Biennial We Need Right Now’, on: www.laweekly.com, 8 June 2018
Stapley-Brown, Victoria, ‘From Riga to Los Angeles, biennials are searching for answers in troubled times’, in: The Art Newspaper, 5 June 2018
Greenberger, Alex, ‘Matthew Marks and Greene Naftali Galleries to Organize Four-Venue, 46-Artist Painting Survey’, on: www.ARTnews.com, 4 June 2018
Stromberg, Matt, ‘Resolutely Political LA Artists Focus on the Body in the City’s Latest Biennial’, on: www.hyperallergic.com, 4 June 2018
Alpert, Adrienne, ’97-year-old artist featured in “Made in LA” exhibit at Hammer Museum in Westwood’, on: www.abc7.com, 28 May 2018
Hirschowitz, Gabé, ‘Philanthropist Lynda Resnick on the Hammer Museum & Why LA is the New Art Capital’, on: www.la-confidential-magazine.com, 17 May 2018
___, ‘Getting Their Due’, on: www.artsy.net, 30 April 2018
Griffin, Jonathan, ‘Los Angeles Gallery Share’, on: www.art-agenda.com, 28 March 2018
Crippa, Karim, ‘Five Shows in March’, on: www.exhibitionary.com, 26 March 2018
Miranda, Carolina, ‘Datebook: The city abstracted at CAAM, an architectural film festival and meditating at the museum’, on: www.latimes.com, 9 March 2018
Cascone, Sarah, ‘From 200 Studio Visits to 32 Names: Curator Anne Ellegood on Choosing Artists for the Hammer’s “Made in LA” Biennial’, on: www.artnet.com, 15 February 2018
___, ‘Anuncian Artistas De La Bienal Made in L.A. 2018’, on: www.artischock.com, 14 February 2018
Vankin, Deborah, ‘Hammer Museum announces artists for “Made in L.A. 2018”; expect the biennial to get political’, on: www.latimes.com, 13 February 2018
Dúron, Maximilíano, ‘Here’s the “Made in L.A. 2018” Artist List’, on: www.artnews.com, 13 February 2018
___, ‘Hammer Museum Announces Participating Artists for 2018 Made in LA Biennial’, on: www.artforum.com, 13 February 2018

2017 Casuso, Jorge, ‘Artist Luchita Hurtado’s Enchanted Works on Display in Santa Monica’, on: www.surfsantamonica.com, 17 November 2017
Ezquiaga, Mercedes, ‘Las mujeres protagonizaron las ventas de arteBA 2017’, on: www.telam.com, 27 May 2017
Wagley, Catherine G., ‘A Life’s Work: As Her Reputation Surges, Luchita Hurtado Discusses Her Long Career’, on: www.ARTnews.com, 20 January 2017

2016 Knight, Christopher, ‘Luchita Hurtado abstract artworks mix cultures like colors, to rousing effect’, in: Los Angeles Times, 28 December 2016
Stromberg, Matt, ‘Best of 2016: Our Top 10 Los Angeles Art Shows’, on: www.hyperallergic.com, 28 December 2016
Drohojowska-Philp, Hunter, ‘Wrapping up 2016 with art’, on: www.kcrw.com, 22 December 2016
Campbell, Andrianna, ‘Luchita Hurtado. 500 Words’, on: www.artforum.com, 1 December 2016
Wagley, Catherine, ‘5 Artsy Things to Do in L.A. This Week’, in: LA Weekly, 23 November 2016
Stromberg, Matt, ‘ArtRx LA’, on: www.hyperallergic.com, 8 November 2016

2005 Heffley, Lynne, ‘The patron of their arts’, in: Los Angeles Times, 13 November 2005

1994 Woodard, Josef, ‘SIGHTS: Exhibit of Latino Works Has a Mystical Quality: Paintings at Carnegie Art Museum in Oxnard are in different styles, but all portray expressions of inner life’, in: Los Angeles Times, 12 May 1994

1973 Ianco-Starrels, Josine, ‘Beckmann Graphics Open Program’, in: Los Angeles Times, 9 September 1973, pp. 63, 65

1972 Wilson, William, ‘A Vague Unfreedom in Feminist Works’, in: Los Angeles Times, 9 April 1972, p. 56

Audiovisuals

2019 London Live TV, 06.09.19, 6 September 2019, (James Nicholls and Tanya Francis review Luchita Hurtado ‘I Live I Die I Will Be Reborn’ at Serpentine Gallery)

Selected Images

The Umbilical Cord of the Earth is the Moon

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Featured Stories

Gallery Exhibitions

HURTA102152

11 May – 31 Jul 2020, Zurich

HURTA94117

31 Jan – 6 Apr 2019, New York, 69th Street

Museum Exhibitions

HURTA94108 Det1 GH.tif

16 Feb – 3 May 2020, Los Angeles, CA

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