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Charles Gaines

Photo: Charles Gaines

A pivotal figure in the field of Conceptual Art, Charles Gaines’ body of work engages formulas and systems that interrogate relationships between the objective and the subjective realms. Using a generative approach to create series of works in a variety of mediums, he has built a bridge between the early conceptual artists of the 1960s and 1970s and subsequent generations of artists pushing the limits of conceptualism today.

Born in 1944 in Charleston, South Carolina, Gaines began his career as a painter, earning his MFA from the School of Art and Design at the Rochester Institute of Technology in 1967. In the 1970s, Gaines’ art shifted dramatically in response to what he would later call ‘the awakening.’ Gaines’ epiphany materialized in a series called Regression (1973 – 1974), in which he explored the use of mathematical and numeric systems to create soft, numbered marks in ink on a grid, with each drawing built upon the calculations of the last. This methodical approach would carry the artist into the subsequent decades of his artistic journey.

Working both within the system and against it, Gaines points to the tensions between the empirical objective and the viewers’ subjective response. The concept of identity politics has in played a central role within Gaines’ oeuvre, and the radical approach he employs addresses issues of race in ways that transcend the limits of representation. His recent work continues to use this system with sociopolitical motivations at the forefront. ‘Faces 1: Identity Politics’ (2018) is a triptych of colorful portraits of historical icons and thinkers, from Aristotle to Maria W. Stewart and bell hooks. Gaines reduces the images to pixelated outlines, layered among the faces of the preceding portraits to create a palimpsest of faces, employing this system in a critique of representation and the attachment of meaning to images.

Gaines lives and works in Los Angeles, where he is a member of the CalArts School of Art faculty. He has been the subject of numerous exhibitions in the United States and internationally, and his work is in prominent public collections including the Museum of Modern Art, New York NY, the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York NY, the Studio Museum in Harlem, New York NY and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles CA. Gaines’ work was presented at the Venice Biennale in 2007 and 2015.

Photo: Fredrik Nilsen

Biography

Born Charleston SC, 1944

Education

MFA, Rochester Institute of Technology, School of Art and Design, Rochester NY, 1967
BA, Jersey City State College, Jersey City NJ, 1966

Resides Lives and works in Los Angeles CA

Solo Exhibitions

2018 Galerie Max Hetzler, ‘Charles Gaines’, Berlin, Germany
Paula Cooper Gallery, ‘Faces 1: Identity Politics’, New York NY

2017 Institute of Contemporary Art, ‘Numbers and Trees: Central Park Series IV’, Miami FL

2016 Galerie Max Hetzler, ‘Grids: Numbers and Trees III, and Palm Trees II’, Paris, France
Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects, ‘Numbers and Trees: Central Park Series II’, Culver City CA
Paula Cooper Gallery, ‘Numbers and Trees: Central Park Series I’, New York NY

2015 Art + Practice, ‘Librettos: Manuel de Falla / Stokely Carmichael’, Los Angeles CA
Hammer Museum, ‘Gridwork 1974-1989’, Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)

2014 Studio Museum In Harlem, ‘Charles Gaines: Gridwork 1974-1989’, New York NY (Travelling Exhibition)

2013 Paula Cooper Gallery, ‘Notes on Social Justice’, New York NY

2012 Pomona College Museum of Art and Pitzer Art Galleries, ‘In The Shadow of Numbers: Charles Gaines Selected Works from 1975-2012’, Claremont CA (Travelling Exhibition)

2011 Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects, ‘New Works: Skybox/String Theory’, Culver City CA

2008 Kent Gallery, ‘Manifestos’, New York NY
Susanne Vielmetter Berlin Projects, ‘Drawings from the Explosion Series’, Berlin, Germany

2007 Brigitte March Galerie, ‘Charles Gaines: A Selection of Works’, Stuttgart, Germany
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2006 Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects, ‘Drawings from the Explosion and the Randomized Text Series’, Culver City CA
REDCAT – Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts Theater, ‘Snake River: Charles Gaines and Edgar Arceneaux’, Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, ‘Snake River: Charles Gaines and Edgar Arceneaux’, (cur. Clara Kim, Stella Rollig), Linz, Austria (Travelling Exhibition)
Kapinos Gallery, ‘Explosions’, Berlin, Germany

2005 Steven Wolf Gallery, San Francisco CA

2004 Triple Candie, ‘Charles Gaines: Selected Work, 1991-2004’, New York NY

2003 Phoebe Conley Art Gallery, ‘Lurid Stories: Charles Gaines Projects 1995-2001’, Fresno CA (Travelling Exhibition)

2002 Luckman Fine Art Gallery, California State University, ‘Lurid Stories: Charles Gaines Projects from 1995-2001’, Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)

2001 Adaline Kent Award Exhibition, Walter/McBean Gallery, San Francisco Art Institute, ‘Lurid Stories: Charles Gaines Projects from 1995-2001’, San Francisco CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, ‘Airplanecrashclock’, La Jolla CA

2000 John Weber Gallery, New York NY
Richard Heller Gallery, Santa Monica CA IRADAC – The Institute for Research on the African Diaspora in the Americas and the Caribbean, City University of New York, ‘Charles Gaines / Kara Walker’, New York NY

1997 Brigitte March Galerie, Stuttgart, Germany
Richard Heller Gallery, Santa Monica CA

1996 Phoebe Conley Art Gallery, California State University, Fresno CA
John Weber Gallery, ‘NIGHT/CRIMES’, New York NY
Armory Center for the Arts, ‘Castles’, Pasadena CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Full Moon Gallery, ‘Castles’, Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)

1995 Santa Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica CA

1993 Fresno Art Museum, Fresno CA

1991 Gallery Lavignes-Bastille, ‘Charles Gaines: A Survey Exhibition, 1979-1991’, Paris, France (Travelling Exhibition)
John Weber Gallery, ‘Charles Gaines: A Survey Exhibition, 1979-1991’, New York NY (Travelling Exhibition)
Leo Castelli Gallery, ‘Charles Gaines: A Survey Exhibition, 1979-1991’, New York NY (Travelling Exhibition)
Dorothy Goldeen Gallery, ‘Charles Gaines: A Survey Exhibition, 1979-1991’, Santa Monica CA (Travelling Exhibition)

1990 Dorothy Goldeen Gallery, Santa Monica CA

1989 John Weber Gallery, New York NY
Dorothy Goldeen Gallery, ‘Fresh Visions’, Santa Monica CA

1988 Gallery Lavignes-Bastille, Paris, France
Brigitte March Galerie, Stuttgart, Germany

1987 John Weber Gallery, New York NY
Leo Castelli Gallery, New York NY

1985 Leo Castelli Gallery, New York NY

1984 Los Angeles Institute of Contemporary Art, ‘Artist of the Month Exhibition’, Los Angeles CA

1981 Leo Castelli Gallery, New York NY
John Weber Gallery, New York NY

1980 John Weber Gallery, New York NY
Leo Castelli Gallery, New York NY
Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles CA
Daniel Weinberg Gallery, San Francisco CA
Thomas Segal Gallery, Boston MA

1979 Young Hoffman Gallery, Chicago IL
Fresno Art Center, Fresno CA

1978 Daniel Weinberg Gallery, San Francisco CA

1975 University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA

1972 Cinque Gallery, New York NY
University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA

1971 Louisville School of Art, Anchorage KY

1969 State University of New York, College at Oswego, New York NY

Group Exhibitions

2018 Whitney Museum of American Art, ‘Programmed: Rules, Codes, and Choreographies in Art, 1965-2018’, (cur. Christiane Paul, Carol Mancusi-Ungaro), New York NY
Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, ‘The World to Come: Art in the Age of the Anthropocene’, Gainesville FL

cont'd Praz-Delavallade, ‘As You Like It – C’est Comme Vous Voulez’, Los Angeles CA
Columbus Museum of Art, ‘A Measure of Humanity’, Columbus OH
Villa Medici, ‘Take Me (I’m yours)’, (cur. Christian Boltanski, Hans Ulrich Obrist, Chiara Parisi), L’Accademia di Francia, Rome, Italy

2017 Lyman Allyn Art Museum, ‘On Another Note: The Intersection of Art and Music’, (cur. Alva Greenberg), New London CT
Kurimanzutto, ‘Never Free to Rest’, (cur. Eungie Joo), Mexico City, Mexico
Remai Modern Museum, ‘Field Guide’, (cur. Gregory Burke, Sandra Guimarães), Saskatoon, Canada
Williams College Museum of Art, ‘Active Ingredients: Prompts, Props, Performance’, (cur. Lisa Dorin, Amy Holzapfel, David Levine, Marsha Ginsberg), Williamstown MA
Baltic Center for Contemporary Art, ‘Starless Midnight’, (cur. Edgar Arceneaux), Gateshead, England
Ogden Museum of Southern Art, ‘Solidary & Solitary: The Joyner/ Giuffrida Collection’, (cur. Christopher Bedford, Katy Siegel), New Orleans LA
Cornell Fine Arts Museum, Rollins College, ‘Time As Landscape: Inquiries of Art and Science’, Winter Park FL
Manetti Shrem Museum, University of California, ‘Dimensions of Black’, Davis CA
Thomas Dane Gallery, ‘Naming Rights’, London, England
Petzel Gallery, ‘We need to talk…Artists and the public respond to the present conditions in America’, New York NY

2016 Los Angeles County Museum of Art, ‘L.A. Exuberance: New Gifts by Artists’, Los Angeles CA
Rhona Hoffman Gallery, ‘Rhona Hoffman 40 Years, Part 1’, Chicago IL
Institute of Contemporary Art, ‘The Freedom Principle: Experiments in Art and Music, 1965 to Now’, Philadelphia PA (Travelling Exhibition)
Yale Union, ‘Trees in the Forest’, (cur. Kari Rittenbach), Portland OR
The Drawing Center, ‘Drawing Dialogues: The Sol LeWitt Collection’, (cur. Claire Gilman, Béatrice Gross), New York NY
Haus de Kuluren der Welt, ‘Nervous Systems: Quantified Life and the Social Question’, (cur. Stephanie Hankey, Marek Tuszynski), Berlin, Germany
Art, Design & Architecture Museum, University of California, ‘CALIFORNIA 101: Art from the Collection’, Santa Barbara CA
Ben Maltz Gallery, Otis College of Art and Design, ‘Performing the Grid’, Los Angeles CA
The Kitchen, ‘From Minimalism to Algorithm’, New York NY

2015 The 8th Floor, ‘When Artists Speak Truth…’, New York NY
Catherine Bastide, ‘Afterword Via Fantasia’, Brussels, Belgium
Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘The Freedom Principle: Experiments in Art and Music,1965 to Now’, (cur. Naomi Beckwith, Dieter Roelstraete), Chicago IL (Travelling Exhibition)
Galleri Opdahl, ‘Charles Gaines, Franka Hörnschemeyer & Carla Guagliardi’, Stravanger, Norway
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, ‘Drawing in L.A.: The 1960s and 70s’, Los Angeles CA
56th Venice Biennale, ‘All The World’s Futures’, (cur. Okwui Enwezor), Venice, Italy
Whitney Museum of American Art, ‘America is Hard to See’, (cur. Donna De Salvo, Carter E. Foster, Dana Miller, Scott Rothkipf, Jane Panetta, Catherine Taft, Mia Curran), New York NY
White Columns, ‘Looking Back / The 9th White Columns Annual’, New York NY
University Art Gallery, University of California, ‘Paradox in Language: What I look at is never what I wish to see’, (cur. Allyson Unzicker), Irvine CA

2014 Museum of Modern Art, ‘Sites of Reason: A Selection of Recent Acquisitions’, (cur. David Platzker, Erica Papernik), New York NY
Paula Cooper Gallery, ‘Group Exhibition’, New York NY

2013 Paula Cooper Gallery, ‘Group Exhibition’, New York NY
Smart Museum of Art, The University of Chicago, ‘State of Mind New California Art circa 1970’, Chicago IL (Travelling Exhibition)
Wexner Center for the Arts, ‘Blues for Smoke’, (cur. Bennett Simpson), Columbus OH (Travelling Exhibition)
Bronx Museum of the Arts, ‘State of Mind: New California Art Circa 1970’, (cur. Constance M. Lewallen, Karen Moss), Bronx NY (Travelling Exhibition)
Fresno Art Museum, ‘Addicott Collection’, (cur. Rodney Harder and Mark Rodriguez), Fresno CA
SITE, ‘State of Mind: New California Art Circa 1970’, (cur. Constance M. Lewallen, Karen Moss), Santa Fe NM (Travelling Exhibition)
Hammer Museum, ‘Selections from the Grunwald Center and the Hammer Contemporary Collection’, (cur. Cynthia Burlingham, Anne Ellegood), Los Angeles CA
Williams College Museum of Art, ‘Now Dig This! Art and Black Los Angeles 1960-1980’, (cur. Kellie Jones), Williamstown MA (Travelling Exhibition)

2012 MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Blues for Smoke’, (cur. Bennett Simpson), Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, ‘State of Mind: New California Art circa 1970’, (cur. Constance M. Lewallen, Karen Moss), Vancouver, Canada (Travelling Exhibition)
University Art Gallery, University of California San Diego, ‘ANOMALIA’, (cur. Lucía Sanromán), La Jolla CA
Whitney Museum of American Art, ‘Blues for Smoke’, (cur. Bennett Simpson), New York NY (Travelling Exhibition)
Kent Fine Art, ‘Mind the Gap’, New York, NY
The Frances Young Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery, Skidmore College, ‘Dance/Draw’, (cur. Helen Molesworth), Sarasota Springs NY (Travelling Exhibition)
MoMa PS1, ‘Now Dig This! Art and Black Los Angeles 1960-1980’, (cur. Kellie Jones), Long Island City NY (Travelling Exhibition)

2011 Columbus Museum of Art, ‘Ground Control’, Columbus OH
Mattatuck Museum, ‘Shared Sensibilities: The Art of Sol LeWitt and His Friends’, Waterbury CT
MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Under the Big Black Sun: California Art 1974-1981’, (cur. Paul Schimmel), Los Angeles CA
Orange County Museum of Art, ‘State of Mind: New California Art Circa 1970’, (cur. Constance M. Lewallen, Karen Moss), Newport Beach CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Institute of Contemporary Art, ‘Dance/Draw’, (cur. Helen Molesworth), Boston MA (Travelling Exhibition)
Hammer Museum, ‘Now Dig This! Art and Black Los Angeles 1960-1980’, (cur. Kellie Jones), Los Angeles CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Paula Cooper Gallery, ‘Locations’, New York NY
LACMA – Los Angeles County Museum of Art, ‘Human Nature: Contemporary Art from the Collection’, Los Angeles CA
Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, University of California ‘State of Mind: New California Art circa 1970’, (cur. Constance M. Lewallen, Karen Moss), Berkeley CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Hammer Museum, ‘All of this and nothing’, (cur. Douglas Fogle, Anne Ellegood), Los Angeles CA

2010 Galerien Der Stadt Esslingen, ‘Man Son, Vom Schrecken der Situation’, Esslingen Am Necker, Germany
University Art Museum, University of California, ‘Conceptual Works from the Collection’, Santa Barbara, CA
Brandenburgischer Kunstverein, ‘Noir Complex – City, Story, Destruction & Death’, (cur. Maik Schlüter), Potsdam, Germany (Travelling Exhibition)
MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘The Artist’s Museum: Los Angeles Artists 1980-2010’, Los Angeles CA
Project Row Houses, ‘The Seventh House’, (cur. Edgar Arceneaux, Nery Gabriel Lemus), Houston TX
Project Row Houses, ‘Edgar Arceneaux, Andrea Bowers, Olga Koumoundouros, Rodney McMillan, Charles Gaines, Nery Gabriel Lemus’, Houston TX
Las Cienegas Projects, ‘The Road to Hell is Paved…’, (cur. Biddy Tran), Los Angeles CA
Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects, ‘Summer Group Show’, Los Angeles CA
Magazin 4, Bregenzer Kunstverein, ‘Noir Complex – City, Story, Destruction & Death’, (cur. Maik Schlüter), Bregenz, Austria (Travelling Exhibition)

2009 American Academy of Arts and Letters, ‘Invitational Exhibition of Visual Arts’, New York NY
Museo Regional de Guadalajara, ‘Oz: New Offerings from Angel City’, Guadalajara, Mexico
The Geffen Contemporary, MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Collection: MOCA’s First Thirty Years, 1980-Now’, (cur. Paul Schimmel), Los Angeles CA
The Studio Museum in Harlem, ‘30 Seconds off an Inch’, New York NY
Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, ‘Attempt to Raise Hell, Downtown’, San Diego CA
Eighth Veil, ‘Wrong: A Program of Text and Image’, (cur. Jibade-Khalil Huffman), Los Angeles CA
New Museum, ‘Charles Gaines / Terry Adkins Collaborative: Part of Get Weird’, New York NY

2008 Project Row Houses, ‘Thunderbolt Special: The Great Electric Show and Dance–Commemorating Sam Lightnin’ Hopkins’, (cur. Terry Adkins), Houston TX
Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, ‘Weighing and Wanting: Selections from the Collection’, La Jolla CA
Wuerttembergischer Kunsverein, ‘Wild Signals – Artistic Postions between Symptom and Analysis’, Stuttgart, Germany
Kent Gallery, ‘Entre Chien et Loup’, New York NY
The Geffen Contemporary, MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Index: Conceptualism in California from the Permanent Collection’, (cur. Philipp Kaiser, Corrina Peipon), Los Angeles CA
Schneider Museum of Art, Southern Oregon University, ‘Idea, Text & Image’, Ashland OR

2007 Kapinos Gallery, Berlin, Germany
Armory Center for the Arts, ‘Read Me! Text in Art’, (cur. Malik Gaines), Pasadena CA
Kunsthalle Göppingen, ‘Im Wort’, Göppingen, Germany
MOCA – Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘From Close to Home: Recent Acquisitions of Los Angeles Art’, Los Angeles CA

2005 Brigitte March Galerie, ‘Hommage to Friedrich Schiller’, Stuttgart, Germany
Galerie Kamm, ‘Kamm Gallery Anniversary Exhibition’, Berlin, Germany
CAMH – Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, ‘Double Consciousness: Black Conceptual Art Since 1970’, (cur. Valerie Cassel Oliver), Houston TX

2004 Arena 1 Gallery, ‘Group Show’, Santa Monica CA
Fire Patrol No. 5 Gallery, ‘Rhythm of Structure: The Mathematical Aesthetic’, New York NY
Sixth Esslingen International Photo Triennial, Galerie de Stadt, ‘Recherche-entdeckt! Bilderarchive der Unsichtbarkeiten (Research-discovered! Picture Archive of the Invisibilities)’, Esslingen am Neckar, Germany
Luckman Gallery and Fine Arts Gallery, California State University; ‘Fade (1990-Present): African American Artists in Los Angeles, a Survey Exhibition’, (cur. Malik Gaines), Los Angeles CA
Craft and Folk Art Museum, Los Angeles CA

2003 New Mexico State University Art Museum, ‘Prints from Segura Press’, Las Cruces NM
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, ‘Structure of Difference: Painting, Sculpture, and Photography of the Past Fifty Years’, Hartford CT
New Britain Museum of American Art, ‘Selections from the LeWitt Collection’, New Britain CT
California African American Museum, ‘Urban Aesthetics, California Artists 2003’, (cur. Sandra E. Rowe), Los Angeles CA
Fire Patrol No. 5 Gallery, ‘Rhythm of Structure: MathArt in Harlem’, New York NY
Brigitte March Galerie, ‘The Night of the Hunter’, Stuttgart, Germany

2002 Ringling College of Art and Design, ‘Math Art’, Sarasota FL
Brigitte March Galerie, ‘What About Hegel’, Stuttgart, Germany

2001 ‘Song Poems: Lyrics into Songs into Videos, Posters and Album Covers’, New York NY
Arizona State University Art Museum, ‘Rhapsody: Selections from Valley Collections’, (cur. Jean Makin, Stephen Marc, Kim Curry-Evans), Tucson AZ

2000 Kunsthalle Basel, ‘Deep Distance. Die Entfernung der Fotografie’, (cur. Wilhelm Schürmann), Basel, Switzerland
John Weber Gallery, ‘A Selective Survey of Political Art’, New York NY

1999 SMoCA – Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Mixed Media: Selections from the Segura Publishing Archives’, Scottsdale AZ
Richard Heller Gallery, ‘Pictures of Other People’s Bodies’, Santa Monica CA
Triennale der Photographie, Deichtorhallen, ‘More than Meets the Eye’, (cur. Wilhelm Schümann), Hamburg, Germany
Brigitte March Galerie, ‘Landschaft—Stadtlandschaft (Landscape–Cityscape)’, Stuttgart, Germany
Rosamund Felsen Gallery, ‘Landscape Memories’, (cur. Steven Hull), Santa Monica CA
Rosamund Felsen Gallery, ‘Touring the Frame’, (cur. Charles Gaines), Santa Monica CA

1998 University Art Gallery, University of California, ‘Other Related Areas’, Irvine, CA

1997 Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, ‘Magie der Zahl in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts’, Stuttgart, Germany

1996 LACMA – Los Angeles County Museum of Art, ‘Some Grids: The Grid in Twentieth Century Art’, Los Angeles CA

1994 Fuel Gallery, ‘Earthworks and Landscapes’, Seattle WA
John Weber Gallery, ‘Paper Work’, New York NY
Newport Harbor Art Museum, ‘Group show (works from the collection)’, Newport CA

1993 White Columns, ‘The Naming of the Colors’, (cur. Kirby Gookin, Bill Arning), New York NY
Side Street Projects, ‘Artists Writing Reading Room’, Santa Monica CA
Contemporary Art Center, ‘L.A. Next: Six Los Angeles Artists’, New Orleans LA
Drawing Center, ‘The Return of the Cadavre Exquis’, New York NY

1992 Wadswoth Atheneum, ‘Open Mind: The LeWitt Collection’, Hartford CT
International Kunst der Gegenwart, Schloss Presteneck, (Stein am Kocher), ‘Force/Sight’, (cur. Brigitte March), Wurzburg, Germany
California African American Museum, ‘No Justice, No Peace’, Los Angeles CA
Santa Barbara Contemporary Arts Forum, ‘Counterweight’, Santa Barbara CA
Otis Art Institute Gallery, ‘LAX: The Los Angeles Exhibition’, Los Angeles CA

1990 Ben Shahn Galleries, ‘The Grid: Organization and Idea’, William Patterson College, Patterson NJ

1989 University Art Museum, Calfiornia State University, ‘Landscape Visions’, Long Beach CA

1986 Nova Southwestern University Art Museum, ‘Work from the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Fort Lauderdale FL

1985 Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Selections from the William Hokin Collection’, Chicago IL
Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina, ‘Works from the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Chapel Hill NC (Travelling Exhibition)
Everhart Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art, ‘Works from the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Auckland Art Museum’, Scranton PA (Travelling Exhibition)
The Grey Art Gallery, New York University, ‘Works from the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Scranton PA (Travelling Exhibition)
Brigitte March Galerie, ‘Process and Construction’, Munich, Germany (Travelling Exhibition)
Kunstlerwerkstatt and Lenbachaus Museum, ‘Process and Construction’, Munich, Germany (Travelling Exhibition)
Fine Arts Gallery, California State University, ‘Black and White Drawings from the David Nellis Collection’, Los Angeles CA
California State University, Los Angeles, ‘Artists Forum: Selected Faculty Artists from California State University’, Los Angeles CA

1984 University Art Gallery, San Diego State University, ‘Contemporary Watercolors’, San Diego CA
University Art Museum, Calfiornia State University, ‘Works From the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Long Beach CA (Travelling Exhibition)

1982 Fleming Museum of Art, University of Vermont, ‘Selections from the Chase Manhattan Bank Art Collection’, Burlington VT (Travelling Exhibition)
David Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University, ‘Selections from the Chase Manhattan Bank Art Collection’, Providence RI (Travelling Exhibition)
Wesleyan University Art Museum, Wesleyan University, ‘Works from the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Middletown CT (Travelling Exhibition)

1981 Florida International University, ‘Artists from the John Weber Gallery’, Miami FL (Travelling Exhibition)
Alternative Museum, ‘Post Modernist Metaphors’, (cur. Horace Brockington), New York NY
The Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, ‘New Dimensions in Drawing: 1950-1980’, Ridgefield CT
University of Massachusetts, ‘Selections from the Chase Manhattan Bank Art Collection’, Amherst MA (Travelling Exhibition)

1980 Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara CA
Touchstone Gallery, ‘Systems, Inquiry, Translation’, New York NY
California State College, ‘An Exhibition of Drawings from the Margo Leavin Gallery’, Bakersfield CA
Leo Castelli Gallery, ‘Benefit Show for the Center for the Performing Arts’, New York NY
University of South Florida Contemporary Art Museum, ‘Artists from the John Weber Gallery’, Tampa FL (Travelling Exhibition)
Melinda Wyatt Gallery, ‘Prints from the Landfall Press’, Los Angeles CA

1979 Henry Street Settlement, ‘Exchanges’, New York NY
Evanston Art Center, ‘The Grid’, Evanston IL
Center for the Visual Arts, ‘Portraits’, Aspen CO
John Weber Gallery, ‘Gallery Artists Show’, New York NY
Young Hoffman Gallery, ‘Gallery Artists Summer Show’, Chicago IL
Texas Gallery, Houston TX

1978 John Weber Gallery, ‘John Weber Invitational’, New York NY
Margo Leavin Gallery, ‘Works on Paper’, Los Angeles CA
Leo Castelli Gallery, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, (cur. Rainer Crone), New York NY (Travelling Exhibition)
Yale University Art Gallery, Yale University, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, New Haven CT
Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Hanover NH (Travelling Exhibition)
University of North Dakota, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Grand Forks, ND (Travelling Exhibition)
University Art Gallery, University of California, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Irvine CA (Travelling Exhibition)
Art Museum of South Texas, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Corpus Christi TX (Travelling Exhibition)
Center for the Arts, Muhlenberg College, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Allentown PA (Travelling Exhibition)
The New Gallery, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Cleveland OH (Travelling Exhibition)
Minneapolis College of Arts and Design, ‘Numerals: Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, Minneapolis MN (Travelling Exhibition)
Landfall Press, ‘Recent Publications’, Chicago IL

1977 Golden West College, Los Angeles CA

1976 Golden West College, Los Angeles CA

1975 Oakland Museum, Oakland CA
Whitney Museum of American Art, ‘1975 Biennial Exhibition’, New York NY

1974 California State University, ‘Black Artists, Recent Attitudes’, Fresno CA

1973 California Arts Council, Sacramento CA
Oakland Museum, Oakland CA

Performances

2018 The Village Vanguard, ‘Manifestos 2 Release’, New York NY
ICA — Institute of Contemporary Art, ‘A Visionary Recital (after Terry Adkins)’, Miami FL

2017 Ian Potter Museum of Art, ‘Sound Text’, Melbourne, Australia
Museum of Modern Art, ‘Lone Wolf Recital Corps’, New York NY
Kurimanzutto Gallery, Mexico City, Mexico

2016 Brooklyn Museum, ‘Sound Text’, Brooklyn NY

2015 REDCAT – Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts Theater, ‘Manifestos 2 and Sound Text: Deep River’, Los Angeles CA
La Biennale Di Venezia, ‘Sound Text’, Venice, Italy

2014 Museum of Modern Art, ‘Manifestos 2’, New York NY

2013 Museum of Contemporary Art, ‘Charles Gaines Ensemble’, Los Angeles CA

2012 Pomona College Museum of Art, Pomona CA
Third Streaming, ‘Atum (Honey From A Flower Named Blue)’, New York NY
MoMa PS1, ‘Assassination’, Long Island City NY

2011 Hammer Museum, University of California, ‘Manifestos Scores’, Los Angeles CA

2009 New Museum, ‘Get Weird: Charles Gaines/Terry Adkins Collaborative’, New York NY

Grants and Awards

2018 REDCAT Gala Honoree, Los Angeles CA

2015 College Art Association Artist Award for a Distinguished Body of Work

2013 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship

2011 California Community Foundation Fellowship for Visual Arts

2008 Faculty Residency, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Skowhegan ME

2007 Norton Family Foundation Grant, Los Angeles CA
United States Artists 2007 Fellowship Award

2004 The Durfee Foundation Grant, Los Angeles CA
California Institute of the Arts, Dean’s Grant, Valencia CA

2001 Adaline Kent Award, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco CA

1977 National Endowment for the Arts, Washington D.C.

Curated Exhibitions

2018 Lévy Gorvy Gallery, ‘Terry Adkins: The Smooth, The Cut, and The Assembled’, (cur. Charles Gaines), New York NY

2004 Sweeney Art Gallery, University of California, ‘Remembering’, (cur. Charles Gaines), Riverside CA

1999 Rosamund Felsen Gallery, ‘Touring the Frame’, (cur. Charles Gaines), Santa Monica CA

1994 Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions, ‘Nor Here Neither There’, (cur. Charles Gaines, Paul McCarthy, Stephen Prina, Fran Seegul), Los Angeles CA
University of Maryland Art Gallery, University of Maryland, ‘The Theater of Refusal: Black Art and Mainstream Criticism’, (cur. Charles Gaines), College Park MD (Travelling Exhibition)
University of California, ‘The Theater of Refusal: Black Art and Mainstream Criticism’, (cur. Charles Gaines), Riverside CA (Travelling Exhibition)

1993 Richard L. Nelson Gallery, University of California, ‘The Theater of Refusal: Black Art and Mainstream Criticism’, (cur. Charles Gaines), Davis CA (Travelling Exhibition)
University Art Gallery, University of California, ‘The Theater of Refusal: Black Art and Mainstream Criticism’, (cur. Charles Gaines), Irvine CA

Bibliography

Publications

2017 Galpin, Amy, ‘Time As Landscape. Inquiries of Art and Science’, Winter Park: Cornell Fine Arts Museum, 2017 (exh. cat.)

2016 Franke, Anselm, Hankey, Stephanie + [et al.], ‘Nervous Systems: Quantified Life and the Social Question’, Berlin: Haus der Kulturen der Welt, 2016
Martin, Courtney J. (ed.), ‘Four Generations. The Joyner/Giuffrida Collection of Abstract Art’, New York: Gregory R. Miller & Co, 2016 (exh. cat.)

2015 Abramovic, Marina, Bove, Carol + [et al.], ‘Akademie X. Lessons in Art + Life’, London: Phaidon Press Limited, 2015, pp. 98-103, ill.
Beckwith, Naomi, Roelstraete, Dieter (eds.), ‘The Freedom Principle. Experiments in Art and Music, 1965 to Now’, Chicago: Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago and University of Chicago Press, 2015, pp. 132, 135-136 (exh. cat.)

2014 Sirmans, Franklin (ed.), ‘Prospect.3. Notes for Now’, London, Munich, and New York: Prestel, 2014 (exh. cat.)
Léger, Marc James (ed.), ‘The Idea of the Avant Garde’, England: Manchester University Press, 2014
Martin, Courtney, Ellegood, Anne + [et al.], ‘Charles Gaines. Gridwork 1974-1989’, New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 2014

2012 Simpson, Bennett (ed.), ‘Blues for Smoke’, London, Munich and New York: Prestel, Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, 2012 (exh. cat.)

2011 Jones, Kellie, Carby, Hazel V. + [et al.], ‘Now Dig This! Art & Black Los Angeles 1960-1980’, London, Munich and New York: Prestel, Hammer Museum, 2011 (exh. cat.)
Carrie Lambert-Beatty, Catherine Lord + [et al.], ‘Dance/Draw’, Berlin: Hatje Cantz, 2011 (exh. cat.)
Constance M. Lewallen, Karen Moss, + [et al.], ‘State of Mind: New California Art circa 1970’, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011 (exh. cat.)

2008 ___, ‘Entre Chien et Loup’, New York: Kent Gallery, 2008 (exh. cat.)

2006 Jacobson, Karen, ‘Snake River: Charles Gaines and Edgar Arceneaux’, Linz: Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz and Los Angeles: the Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts, 2006 (exh. cat.)

2005 ___, ‘Double Consciousness. Black Conceptual Art Since 1970’, Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum, 2005 (exh. cat.)

2004 ___, ‘International Review of African American Art. Rhythm of Structure’, vol. 19, no. 3, 2004
Bur, Andreas, Seyfarth, Ludwig (eds.), ‘Recherche-entdeckt! Bilderarchive der Unsichtbarkeiten (Research-discovered! Picture Archive of the Invisibilities)’, Esslingen am Neckar: Galerie de Stadt, 2004 (exh. cat.)

2001 Hull, Steven (ed.), ‘Song Poems: Lyrics into songs into Videos’, New York: Cohan Leslie and Browne Gallery, June 2001

2000 Pagel, David, ‘Themes Out of School. Art and Education in Los Angeles’, Los Angeles: CAA, April 2000, p. 51
Sirmans, Franklin, ‘Lurid Stories. Charles Gaines Projects 1995-2001’, San Francisco: San Francisco Art Institute, vol. 4, no. 3, Summer 2001, p. 9 (exh. cat.)

1999 Johnston, Mark, ‘Contemporary Art in Southern California’, Sydney: Craftsman House, 1999, pp. 72-75
___, ‘More than Meets the Eye. Triennale der Photographie’, Hamburg: Deichtorhallen, 1999 (exh. cat.)
Von Maur, Karin, ‘Magie der Zahl. In der Kunst des 20 Jahrhunderts’, Stuttgart, Staadtsgalerie, 1999
Hull, Steven, ‘I’m Still In Love With You’, Los Angeles: Twentieth Century Womens Club, 1999 (exh. cat.)

1995 ___, ‘Art Walk, ‘95’, Venice: Venice Family Clinic, May 1995
Gamblin, Noriko, ‘Night/Crimes’, Santa Monica: Santa Monica Museum of Art, April 1995 (exh. bro.)

1993 Gerstler, Amy, ‘L.A. Next. Six Los Angeles Artists’, New Orleans: Contemporary Art Center, 1 October 1993
Gookin, Kirby, ‘The Naming of the Colors’, New York: White Columns, April 1993

1992 Gerstler, Amy, Fehlau, Fred, ‘LAX. The Los Angeles Exhibition’, Los Angeles: Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, December 1992 (exh. cat.)
Hugo, Joan, ‘Counterweight’, Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Contemporary Arts Forum, November 1992
___, ‘No Justice, No Peace’, Los Angeles: California Afro-American Museum, October 1992
___, ‘Force/Sight’, Wurzburg and Stuttgart: Schloss Prestneck and Brigitte March, September 1992

1989 ___, ‘Landscape Visions’, Long Beach: CSU Long Beach, January 1989

1988 ___, ‘Artists Forum. Selected Faculty Artists from the California State University’, Los Angeles: CSU Los Angeles, October 1988
Gookin, Kirby, ‘Charles Gaines’, Paris: Lavignes-Bastille Gallery, January 1988

1985 Miller-Keller, Andrea, Ravenal, John B., ‘From the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, New York: ICI Curators, 1985
___, ‘Black and White Drawings from the David Nellis Collection’, Los Angeles: California State University, 1985
___, ‘Selections from the William Hokin Collection’, Chicago: Museum of Contemprorary Art, 1985
___, ‘Process Und Konstruktion. 1985 in Munich. Archives of Contemporary Thought’, Stuttgart: Galerie Brigitte March, June 1985

1981 ___, ‘Artists from the John Weber Gallery’, New York: John Weber Gallery, 1981
Paoletti, John, ‘No Title. Selections from the Collection of Sol LeWitt’, Middletown: Wesleyan University, October 1981
Brockington, Horace, ‘Post modernist Metaphors’, New York: The Alternative Museum, April 1981
Anderson, Richard E., ‘New Dimensions in Drawing, 1950-1980’, Ridgefield: Aldrich Museum, May 1981
Posner, Helane, ‘Selections from the Chase Manhattan Bank Art Collection’, New York: Chase Manhattan Bank

1979 Lippard, Lucy, ‘Exchanges, Henry Street Settlement, New York City, April Portraits’, Aspen: Center for Visual Arts, 1979

1978 Rainer, Crone, ‘Numerals. Mathematical Concepts in Contemporary Art’, New York: Leo Castelli Gallery, 1978 (ill.)
___, Chicago: Landfall Press Inc., December 1978

1975 ___, ‘Whitney Biennial’, New York: Whitney Museum of Contemporary Art, 1975 (ill.)

Artist’s Books & Writings

2018 Gaines, Charles, ‘The Double Consciousness of the Lincoln Memorial’, on: www.artforum.com, 1 November 2018
Gaines, Charles, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: The Brooklyn Rail, October 2018

2016 Gaines, Charles ‘Don’t Do Anything Illegal. Charles Gaines on How to Stay in the Game as an Artist’, on: www.artspace.com, 5 May 2016

2011 Gaines, Charles ‘Ben Patterson. The History of Gray matter From the Avant-Garde to the Postmodern’, in: ‘Benjamin Patterson. Born in the State of Flux/us’, Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, 2011

2008 Gaines, Charles, ‘The New Cosmopolitanism’, Fullerton: California State University, 2008

2005 Gaines, Charles, ‘Theater of Refusal. Black Art and Mainstream Criticism’, in: ‘Double Consciousness. Black Conceptual Art Since 1970’, Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, January 2005

2004 Gaines, Charles, ‘Edgar Arceneaux’s Search for Meaning Among Infinite Variations’, in: Afterall, September 2004

2003 Gaines, Charles, ‘Art, Post History and the Paradox of Black Pluralism’, in: Merge, vol. 12, 2003, p. 52
Gaines, Charles, ‘Surviving Alaska. Michael Joo’s Sublime Transformations’, Boston: Institute of Technology Art Gallery, 2003 (exh. cat.)

2001 ___, in ‘Gaines Projects 1995-2001’, San Francisco: San Francisco Art Institute, 2001
Gaines, Charles, ‘Metonymy and the Defamiliarization of Objects’, in: ‘Lurid Stories: Charles Gaines’, San Francisco: San Francisco Art Institute, vol. 4, no. 3, Summer 2001

1999 Gaines, Charles, ‘Memories. The Art of Kyung Won Moon’, in: ‘Kung Won Moon’, Seoul: Park Ryu Sook Gallery, 1999 (exh. cat.)
Gaines, Charles, ‘Art and the Search for Origin Amidst the Scent of Flowers’, in: ‘Origins’, Fresno: Fresno Art Museum, 1999
Gaines, Charles, ‘Avant L.A. Letter’, in: Artforum, February 1999

1996 Gaines, Charles, ‘Hotter Than July’, in: Art + Text, num. 55, September 1996, pp. 12, 16

1995 Gaines, Charles, ‘Bear Stories’, in: Framework, vol. 7, iss. 3, 1995, p. 5
Gaines, Charles, ‘Black Male’, in: World Art, January 1995

1994 Gaines, Charles, ‘Untitled’, in: ‘Color This! A Collection of Los Angeles Artists’ Drawings’, Los Angeles: Foundation For Art Resources, Inc., 1994, p. 44

1993 Gaines, Charles, ‘Theater of Refusal. Black Art and Mainstream Criticism’, Irvine: University of California, 1993 (exh. cat.)
Gaines, Charles, ‘Manifesto’, New York: Mimi Somerby, S.O.S. International, and B.R.A.T., 1993, p. 33
Gaines, Charles, ‘The Devil and Mona Lisa. Confessions of an Art Heckler’, in: New Art Examiner, December 1993, p. 24

1990 Gaines, Charles, ‘Sandra Rowe. Androgyny and the Janusian Split’, Riverside: University of California, 1990 (exh. cat.)
Gaines, Charles, ‘Sandra Rowe. Androgyny and the Janusian Split’, in: Journal of Social Theory in Art Education, no. 10, April 1990, pp. 158-163

Press

2018 ___, in: Artforum, November 2018, ill.
Gaines, Charles, ‘The Double Consciousness of the Lincoln Memorial’, on: www.artforum.com, 1 November 2018

cont'd Gaines, Charles, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: The Brooklyn Rail, October 2018
___, ‘Artist Activists Light Up the High Line with “Agora”’, on: www.newyorker.com, 20 August 2018
Valentine, Victoria L., ‘Los Angeles-based Conceptual Artist Charles Gaines Has Joined Hauser & Wirth Gallery’, on: www.culturetype.com, 13 August 2018
Battaglia, Andy, ‘Charles Gaines Is Now Represented by Hauser & Wirth’, on: www.ARTnews.com, 11 August 2018
Taplin, Katy, ‘Workable Identity. Charles Gaines at Paula Cooper’, on: www.artcritical.com, 9 June 2018
Takac, Balasz, ‘On Identity Politics And Other Issues. An Interview with Charles Gaines’, on: www.widewalls.ch, 29 May 2018
___, ‘Galleries–Chelsea. Charles Gaines’, in: The New Yorker, 28 May 2018, p. 8
Messina, Rab, ‘Charles Gaines Puts a Face to the Politics’, on: www.tlmagazine.com, 24 May 2018
Dambrot, Shana Nys, ‘What We Learned From Charles Gaines and Njideka Akunyili Crosby at the Broad Stage’, on: www.laweekly.com, 22 May 2018
Martinique, Elena, ‘8 Gallery Shows to See in New York During Frieze Week’, on: www.widewalls.com, 2 May 2018
___, in: Cultured Magazine, April/May 2018
Boucher, Brian, ‘9 Art Shows to See This Week On and Off Frieze Island’, on: www.vulture.com, 30 April 2018
Greenberger, Alex, ‘10 Art Events to See in New York City This Week’, on: www.ARTnews.com, 30 April 2018
Sheets, Hilarie M., ‘A Husband’s Legacy Provides Comfort’, in: The New York Times, 16 February 2018, p. C20
Hultkrans, Andrew, ‘Terry Adkins at Lévy-Gorvy, New York’, on: www.frieze.com, 31 January 2018

2017 Green, Kate, ‘500 Words: Charles Gaines’, on: www.artforum.com, 19 December 2017
Te Paske, Joelle, ‘An Interview with 2018 Keynote Speaker Charles Gaines’, on: www.collegeart.org, 13 December 2017
Maldonado, Devon Van Houten, ‘Never Free to Rest at kurimanzutto, Mexico City’, on: www.art-agenda.com, 27 November 2017
Geer, Katie Kerns, ‘Creating Order’, in: Charleston Magazine, May 2017
Laird, Nick and Charles Gaines, ‘An Artist and a Poet Consider Commitment’, on: www.nytimes.com, 18 May 2017
Enholm, Molly, ‘2016 Top Tens. Los Angeles’, in: Art Ltd., January / February 2017
Kennedy, Randy, ‘A Permanent Plinth for New Art Coming to the High Line’, in: The New York Times, 10 January 2017

2016 Cachia, Amanda, ‘Critics’ Pick. Charles Gaines at Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects’, on:
www.artforum.com, 11 November 2016
Loos, Ted, ‘Righting Wrongs and Generating Attention for Art of the African Diaspora’, in: The New
York Times, 16 October 2016
Franke, Anselm, ‘Shifting Backgrounds’, in: Mousse Magazine, July 2016
Golden, Thelma, ‘Before and After. Thelma Golden on Black Male (1994-95)’, in: Artforum, Summer 2016
Tain, Joh, ‘Lives of Others. John Tain on “The Theater of Refusal” (1993)’, in: Artforum, Summer 2016
Gaines, Charles and Kerry Tribe, ‘Double Dutey. Practicing Art and Teaching in Greater Los Angeles’, in: X-TRA, Summer 2016
Korman, Sam, ‘Live. From Minimalism into Algorithm’, in: Frieze, May 2016
Wilkerson, Emily, ‘Biennials on the International Stage’, on: www.pelicanbomb.com, 29 May 2016
Gaines, Charles ‘Don’t Do Anything Illegal. Charles Gaines on How to Stay in the Game as an Artist’, on: www.artspace.com, 5 May 2016
Kaplan, Isaac, ‘If You Don’t Understand Conceptual Art, It’s Not Your Fault’, on: www.artsy.net, 31 March 2016
Davis, Samara, ‘Critics’ Pick. Performing the Grid’, on: www.artforum.com, 29 January 2016

2015 Knight, Christopher, ‘Best of 2015. The 10 Best art exhibitions at L.A. museums in 2015’, on: www.latimes.com 12 December 2015
Nelson, Solveig, ‘The Freedom Principle. Experiments in Art and Music, 1965 to Now’, in: Artforum: November 2015, pp. 298-299
Wagley, Catherine, ‘Layers of Leimert Park’, in: Carla, Fall 2015
Morgan, Jessica, ‘Too Much Too Soon’, in: Artforum, September 2015, pp. 318-323
Goodman, Amy, ‘Freed But Not Free. Artists at the Venice Biennale Respond to the #BlackLivesMatter Movement’, on: www.democracynow.org, 11 August 2015
Brown, A. Will and Charles Gaines, ‘Charles Gaines. I am dealing in the area of how meaning is formed’, www.studiointernational.com, 9 August 2015
Daurizio, Michele, ‘All the Worlds Futures. 56th Venice Biennale’, in: Flash Art, July – August 2015, pp. 106-107
Angaza Pitts, Greg, ‘Charles Gaines. Art + Practice. Los Angeles’, in: Artillery, July 2015, p. 49
Diehl, Travis, ‘A/The/Grid/Work’, in: X-TRA, Summer 2015, pp. 30-47
Syms, Martine and Charles Gaines, ‘Problems of Representation’, in: Flash Art, May / June 2015, pp. 65-71
Smith, Roberta, ‘Review. Art for the Planets Sake at the Venice Biennale’, in: The New York Times, 15 May 2015
Russeth, Andrew, ‘The 2015 Venice Biennale Central Show, Focused on Strife, is Uneasy, Uneven’, on: www.ARTnews.com, 6 May 2015
Zellen, Jody, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: ArtScene, April 2015
Valentine, Victoria L., ‘How Artist Charles Gaines is Influencing the Creative Economy in Los Angeles’, on: www.culturetype.com, 13 April 2015
Melrod, George, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: art ltd., March / April 2015, pp. 50-53
Sutton, Kate, ‘Practice Makes Perfect’, in: Artforum, 14 March 2015
Stromberg, Matt, ‘Charles Gaines on Reputation, the Black Art Establishment, and His Two L.A. Shows’, on: www.artsy.net, 11 March 2015
Stromberg, Matt, ‘New LA Art Space with a Mission Opens in Leimert Park’, on: www.hyperallergic.com, 10 March 2015
Dudley, Elyssa, ‘LA Artist Charles Gaines Makes Meaning with Grids and Numbers’, on: www.scpr.org, 6 March 2015
Valentine, Victoria L., ‘2015 Venice Biennale to Include More than 25 Black Artists’, on: www.culturetype.com, 5 March 2015
Kulick, Maryrose, ‘Art Exhibit Review. Charles Gaines. Gridwork 1874-1989’, in: Daily Bruin, 4 March 2015
Knight, Christopher, ‘Review. Hammer’s “Gridwork” plots Charles Gaines’ captivating process’, in: Los Angeles Times, 3 March 2015
Miranda, Carolina, ‘How the dense grids of artist Charles Gaines took the ego out of art’, in: Los Angeles Times, 3 March 2015
Berardini, Andrew, ‘Critics’ Pick. Charles Gaines at the Hammer Museum’, on: www.artforum.com, February 2015
Williams, Maxwell, ‘Charles Gaines’ Beautiful Systems’, on: www.kcet.org , 12 February 2015
Sirmans, Franklin, Contemporary Friends Acquire Seven New Works by Artists from Around the World’, on: unframed.lacma.org, 12 February 2015
Miranda, Carolina, ‘Datebook. Conceptual grids, earthy caves and lots of Italian masters’, in: Los Angeles Times, 5 February 2015
Herold, Ann, ‘The Harlem Show for Conceptual Artist Charles Gaines Hits the Hammer’, in: Los Angeles Magazine, 2 February 2015

2014 Schwabsky, Barry, ‘Charles Gaines. Studio Museum in Harlem’, in: Artforum, November 2014, p. 279
Maliszewski, Lynn, ‘Time is of the Essence. Charles Gaines. Gridwork 1974-1989’, in: The Brooklyn Rail, September 2014
___, ‘Must See’, on: www.artforum.com, Summer – Fall 2014
Gaines, Malik, ‘The Passion of St. Charles’, in: Studio, Summer / Fall 2014, p. 45, ill.
Haines, Chelsea, ‘Critics’ Pick. Charles Gaines’, in: Artforum, August 2014
Budick, Arielle, ‘Charles Gaines. Gridwork 1974-1989, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York’, on: www.ft.com, 31 August 2014
Pollack, Maika, ‘Charles Gaines. Gridwork (1974-1989) at the Studio Museum’, on: www.observer.com, 13 August 2014
___, ‘Of Note. Studio Museum in Harlem. Charles Gaines. Gridwork, 1974-1989’, in: The New Yorker, 4 August 2014, p. 14
O’Connell, Ainsley, ‘How One Artist’s Work tackled Big Data (40 Years Before It Existed)’, on: www.fastcompany.com, 29 July 2014
Slenske, Michael, ‘Uncovering Charles Gaines’s Lost Line Drawings’, on: www.architecturaldigest.com, 23 July 2014
Dawson, Jessica, ‘Getting Charles Gaines on the Grid’, in: The Wall Street Journal, 15 July 2014
Rosenberg, Karen, ‘The Calculus Behind Imagery’, in: The New York Times, 10 July 2014
Johnson, Ken, ‘Words That Do More Than Signify. “Sites of Reason” Underway at Museum of Modern Art’, in: The New York Times, 3 July 2014
Estefan, Kareem, ‘Review. Charles Gaines at Paula Cooper Gallery’, in: Art in America, January 2014, pp. 99-100, ill.

2013 Berman, Aniko, ‘Review. Charles Gaines, Paula Cooper Gallery’, in: Flash Art, November-December 2013
___, ‘Art. Last Chance. Charles Gaines. “Notes on Social Injustice”’, in: The New York Times, 4 October 2013, p. C22
Philips, Rowan Ricardo, ‘Critics’ Pick. Charles Gaines’, on: www.artforum.com, September 2013, ill.
Plagens, Peter, ‘Persuasion in Pieces and Disarray. Charles Gaines. Notes on Social Justice’, in: The Wall Street Journal, 28-29 September 2013, p. A20, ill.
Cotter, Holland, ‘Art in Review. Charles Gaines, “Notes on Social Justice”’, in: The New York Times, 27 September 2013, p. C32, ill.
___, ‘Charles Gaines, “Notes on Social Justice” at Paula Cooper Gallery’, in: Time Out New York, 19-25 September 2013, p. 41
Ricardo Phillips, Rowan, ‘Critics’ Pick. Charles at Paula Cooper Gallery’, in: Artforum, 23 September 2013
___, ‘Galleries. Charles Gaines, “Notes on Social Injustice”’, in: Time Out New York, 12-18 September 2013, p. 40
Tani, Ellen Yoshi, ‘Charles Gaines and Sol Lewitt at Paula Cooper NYC’, on: www.dailyserving.com, 17 September 2013, ill.
Schwabsy, Barry, ‘Post-White? On Blues for Smoke. The Whitney’s adventurous, awkward attempt to explore abstract art through the blues’, in: The Nation, 20 May 2013

2012 Michno, Christopher, ‘Featured Review. Charles Gaines’, in: Artillery, vol. 7, iss. 2, November/December, p. 46
Gaines, Malik, ‘”City after Fifty Years” Living. L.A.’s Differences in Relation’, in: Art Journal, vol. 71, no. 1, Spring 2012

2011 Holte, Michael Ned, ‘Charles Gaines. Form and Content’, in: International Review of African American Art, vol. 23, no. 3, 2011
Wood, Eve, ‘Charles Gaines at Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects’, in: art ltd., November 2011
Holte, Michael Ned, ‘Differential Equations’, in: Artforum, October 2011
___, ‘Auf dem Freeway zur Kunst’, in: ART Magazine, September 2011
Soto, Paul, ‘Infinite Re-Combination. Q&A with Charles Gaines’, in: Art in America, 12 September 2011
Mizota, Sharon, ‘All of This and Nothing at the Hammer Museum’, in: Los Angeles Times, 2 March 2011
Simonson, Lily, ‘Looking at Los Angeles. Ephermerality and Eternity in “All of This and Nothing”’, on: magazine.art21.org, 24 February 2011
Knight, Christopher, ‘Charles Gaines “Manifestos” at UCLA Hammer Museum’, in: Los Angeles Times, 7 February 2011
Ta, Jennifer, ‘Hammer Museum’s “All of This and Nothing” adds the extra to the ordinary’ in: Daily Bruin, 31 January 2011
Poundstone, William, ‘”All of This and Nothing” at the Hammer’, on: www.blouinartinfo.com, 30 January 2011
Finkel, Jori, ‘Galleries join Pacific Standard Time’, in: Los Angeles Times, 20 January 2011

2010 Stillman, Nick, ‘Edgar Arceneaux, Charles Gaines, and Rick Lowe’, in: Bomb, num. 111, Spring 2010, pp. 50-57
Merjian, Ara H., ’30 Seconds off an Inch’, in: Frieze, iss. 130, April 2010

2009 Boehm, Mike, ‘MOCA celebrates 30 years and a rebirth’, in: Los Angeles Times, 8 November 2009

2008 Smith, Terry, ‘The World From Europe. Mega-Exhibitions from Spring 2007’, in: X-TRA, 2008
Johnson, Ken, ‘Art in Review. Charles Gaines’, in: The New York Times, 6 November 2008
Kilston, Lyra, ‘Los Angeles. Field Guide’, in: Modern Painters, October 2008
Melrod, George, ‘California Biennial. Lauri Firstenberg Interview’, in: art ltd., October 2008
Chang, Richard, ‘A Broader Biennial’, in: Orange County Register, 26 October 2008
Chang, Richard, ‘California Biennial reaches beyond the Golden State’, on: www.ocregister.com, 24 October 2008
Mizota, Sharon, ‘Eureka moments’, in: Los Angeles Times, 19 October 2008
___, ‘What’s Up. Collection in Context. Four Decades’, in: The Studio Museum in Harlem Magazine, Summer 2008
Seyfarth, Ludwig, ‘Explosions Im Hirn, (Explosions in the Brain)’, on: www.artnet.com, 25 June 2008
___, in: Contemporary Art Quarterly, vol. 10, num. 3, Spring 2008
___, ‘”Globalization” of the Biennial Wave’, in: Art in Asia Magazine, no. 4, March – April 2008
Chang, R., ‘O.C. Museum of Art hires guest curator for biennial’, on: www.ocregister.com, 11 February 2008

2007 Ostendorf, Yasmine, ‘De Schoonheid Van Een Ramp’, in: Mister Motely, December 2007
JS, ‘United States Artists winners’, on: www.flashart.com, 20 November 2007
Boehm, Mike, ‘USA Fellows puts artists in a flattering lights’, on: www.latimes.com, 15 November 2007
Siegel, Katy, ‘The Buck Stops Here’, in: Artforum, September 2007
Ollman, Leah, ‘Smoggy side of L.A. “Greenhouse”’, in: Los Angeles Times, 10 August 2007
Levin, Kim, ‘Death in Venice’, in: The Brooklyn Rail, July 2007
Mizota, Sharon, ‘Clarity in every crisis’, in: Los Angeles Times, 29 July 2007
___, ‘Venice Art Biennale 2007’, on: www.designboom.com, June-November 2007
Schjeldahl, Peter, ‘Big Ideas’, in: The New Yorker, 25 June 2007
Brooks, Amra, ‘Must See Art. Charles Gaines’ Greenhouse’, 25 July 2007
O’Keeffe, Alice, ‘The art of a good time’, in: New Statesman, 21 June 2007
Bedford, Christopher, ‘Charles Gaines at LAXART’, on: www.artforum.com, 19 July 2007
Mustroph, Tom, ‘Fragezeichen über Venedig’, in: Neues Deutschland, 19 June 2007
Czöppan, Gabi, ‘Augenschmaus statt Angstschweiβ’, in: Focus, 13 June 2007
Kač, Maja, ‘Policentrična umetnost tega trenutka’, in: Triera (Slovenia), 12 June 2007
Kač, Maja, ‘Policentrična umetnost tega trenutka’, in: RTV Slovenija, 12 June 2007
Haun, Anne, ‘Das grosse Kunst-Ragout’, on: www.artnet.com, 11 June 2007
Finkel, Jori, ‘A Reluctant Fraternity, Thinking Post-Black’, in: The New York Times, 10 June 2007
Schirrmeister, Benno, ‘Isa Genzkens ‘Öl für Kunst’-Programm’, on: www.taz.de, 9 June 2007
Mathonnet, Philippe, ‘A Venise, l’art s’humanise’, in: Le Temps, 9 June 2007
Lacayo, Richard, ‘And A Bit More On Storr’, in: Time, 8 June 2007
Huber-Lang, Wolfgang, ‘Zwischen Museum und Katastrophengebiet’, in: Wiener Zeitung, 8 June 2007
De Sanctis Mangelli, Flavia, ‘Paesaggi di Guerra’, in: l’Unità, 7 June 2007
Moshayedi, Aram, ‘Charles Gaines + Edgar Arceneaux’, in: Art Papers, January/February 2007

2006 Pagel, David, ‘Connecting beauty, suffering’, in: Los Angeles Times, 22 December 2006
Blumenstein, Ellen, ‘L.A. Confidential’, in: Monopol, November/December 2006
Ollman, Leah, ‘Forks abound in “Snake River”’, in: Los Angeles Times, 4 October 2006
Muchnic, Suzanne, ‘The Art Explosion’, in: Los Angeles Times, 1 October 2006
___, ‘Snake River’, in: Photography Now, July/August/September 2006
___, ‘Kunst: Snake River im Lentos’, in: Oberösterreichblicke, May 2006
___, ‘Das Österreich-Kalendarium’, in: Reisemagazin, May 2006
___, ‘Aktuelle Ausstellungen’, in: Neues aus Linz, May 2006
___, ‘Räume und Kulturen verflochten’, in: Krone OÖ, 19 May 2006
___, ‘Ausstellung’, in: OÖ Nachrichten, 2 May 2006
Thek, Franz, ‘Sprache von Fluss und Musik’, in: OÖ Nachrichten, 29 April 2006
Hofleitner, Johanna, ‘Der Lauf der Dinge’, Schaufenster, 28 April 2006
Hutter, Andreas, ‘Das Linzer Lentos als Kino und als “Filmproduzent”’, in: Neues Volksblatt, 28 April 2006
Haderer, Gerhard, ‘Snake River’, in: Österreichisches Pressebüro, 28 April 2006
CB, ‘Watchlist’, in: Der Standard, 27 April 2006
___, ‘”Snake River” im Lentos’, in: Tips, 25 April 2006
___, ‘Snake River’, in: Schaufenster, 21 April 2006
___, ‘Edgar Arceneaux und Charles Gaines. Snake River’, on: www.freikarte.at, 3 April 2006

2004 Cotter, Holland, ‘Charles Gaines Survey Exhibition. 1991-2004’, in: The New York Times, 30 April 2004, p. B31
Harvey, Doug, ‘Color Theory, Fade to Black’, in: LA Weekly, 13-19 February 2004, p. 55
Haithman, Diane, ‘Crossing Generations’, in: Los Angeles Times, 19 January 2004, p. 2

2003 Iwona Blaswick, ‘Conference Report. Beauty rears its ugly head again’, re Charles Gaines’s ‘The Paradox of Black Pluralism’, in: Art Monthly, no. 265, April 2003, pp. 44-45

2002 Calder, Diane, ‘Charles Gaines’, on: www.artscenecal.com, April 2002

2001 Olson, Marisa S., ‘Lurid Stories. Charles Gaines at the San Francisco Art Museum’, in: Artweek, vol. 32, iss. 9, September 2001, pp. 19-20
Gaines, Malik, ‘Remember the Grid’, in: Untitled, no. 25, Summer 2001
Bonetti, David, ‘Gaines probes darkness in “Lurid Stories” show’, in: San Francisco Chronicle, 7 July 2001, p. C1
Helfand, Glen, ‘Lurid Stories. Charles Gaines’, in: The San Francisco Bay Guardian, vol. 35, no. 40, 4-10 July 2001, p. 73.
Miles, Christopher, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: Artforum, February 2001, p. 158

2000 Myers, Holly, ‘Disasters in the Making’, in: Los Angeles Times, 29 December 2000, p. F32
Sirmans, Franklin, ‘John Weber Gallery’, in: Time Out New York, iss. 238, 13-20 April 2000

1999 Pagel, David, ‘Glimpses of the Drama in LA Settings’, in: Los Angeles Times, 16 July 1999, p. F31
Intra, Giovanni, ‘La struttura mobile’, in: Tema Celeste, no. 72, January/February 1999, pp. 50-55

1998 Klein, Jennie, ‘Circumventing the Center. Identity Politics and Marginalization’, in: Postmodern Perspectives, 1998
Schoenkopf, Rebecca, ‘Cool World. Alternative environments are neat!’ in: Orange County Weekly, 23-29 October 1998, p. 29
Walsh, Daniella, ‘A visit to “Other Related Areas”’, in: Orange County Register, 25 October 1998, p. 26
Curtis, Cathy, ‘When Seeing Isn’t Believing’, in: Los Angeles Times, 12 October 1998, p. F2
___, ‘Transfiction I’, in: Wienlexicon Kunstkalender, num. 34, April 1998
Intra, Giiovanni, ‘Airplanecrashclock. Richard Heller Gallery’, in: Art/Text, num. 59, November 1997 - January 1998, p. 89

1997 Intra, Giovanni, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: Art/Text, 1997
Otto, Susan, ‘Airplanecrashclock. Richard Heller Gallery’, in: Art in America, December 1997, p. 99

1996 Knight, Christopher, ‘There’s Evidence of Good Work Found at “Scene of Crime”’, in: Los Angeles Times, 29 July 1996, p. F1
Hale, David, ‘Was victims’ fate merely in the stars?’, in: Fresno Bee, 17 February 1996, p. H4

1995 Gerstler, Amy, ‘Night/Crimes’, in: Artforum, vol. 34, no. 1, September 1995, p. 97
Zellen, Jody, ‘Night/Crimes’, in: Art Press, September 1995, p. 11
Nolan, Timothy, ‘Lewis Baltz at Gallery Ram and Charles Gaines at the Santa Monica Museum’, in: Artweek, June 1995, p. 26
Frank, Peter, ‘Art Picks of the Week’, in: LA Weekly, vol. 17, no. 28, 9-15 June 1995
Brooks, Rosetta, ‘”The Metaphysics of Murder. Charles Gaines” Work Explores the Human and the Cosmic’, in: L. A. Village View, 2-8 June 1995, p. 39
Green, David, ‘Net Gaines. Making a Case for Night/Crimes’, in: Los Angeles Reader, 26 May 1995
Kandel, Susan, ‘Night/Crimes’, in: Los Angeles Times, 20 April 1995

1993 Waddington, Chris, ‘Pieces don’t make a whole at CAC show’, in: Lagniappe, 5 November 1993, pp. 23-25
Veneciano, Daniel, ‘No Justice, No Peace’, in: New Art Examiner, February 1993

1992 Pagel, David, ‘Becoming Unraveled, LAX. The Los Angeles Exhibition’, in: Los Angeles Times, 11 December 1992

1991 Ger, Suvan, ‘Group Effort Using Science Pays Off’, in: Los Angeles Times, 19 July 1991
Chattopodhyay, Collette, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: Artweek, 18 July 1991

1990 Hale, David, ‘FSU ties intact as Gaines leaves for Cal Arts’, in: The Fresno Bee, 9 September 1990

1989 ___, ‘Fresh Visions’, in: Los Angeles Times, 25 August 1989

1985 Vivien Raynor, ‘Art. The Conceptualists’, in: The New York Times, 12 July 1985

1982 Liebman, Lisa, ‘Charles Gaines’, in: Artforum, vol. 20, no. 6, February 1982, p. 88

1980 ___, ‘Systems, Inquiry, Translation’, in: Artforum, November 1980
Alloway, Lawrence, ‘Exchanges’, in: The New York Times, 8 June 1980
___, in: New Art Examiner, April 1980
Artner, Alan, in: Chicago Tribune, 2 April 1980
___, in: San Francisco Chronicle, 7 February 1980

1979 Hale, David, ‘Gaines. All Systems Are Go’, in: The Fresno Bee, 1979
Muchnic, Susanne, ‘Margo Leavin Gallery’, in: Los Angeles Times, 7 July 1979
Frank, Peter, ‘Exchanges’, in: Village Voice, 18 June 1979
___, ‘The Grid’, in: The New Art Examiner, May 1979
___, ‘Fresno Exhibition’, in: West Art, May 1979
___, ‘Exchanges’, in: Soho News, 30 May 1979

1978 ___, in: Fresno Bee, 13 December 1978
Del Parker, Marjorie, ‘Bolomey and Gaines at Fresno Art Center’, in: West Art, 13 July 1978
Brengelman, Paula, ‘The Big Raisin’, vol. 2, iss. 8, August 1978
Hale, David, ‘All Systems Go’, in: Fresno Bee, 13 August 1978

1975 Hoesterey, Ingeborg, ‘Whitney Biennial. New York’, in: Art International, 15 May 1975, p. 54

1972 Wilson, William, ‘Lumber and Beds and USC’, in: The Los Angeles Times, 23 October 1972
___, ‘Cinque Gallery exhibit’, in: Art News, May 1972
___, ‘Recent Paintings of Charles Gaines at Cinque Gallery’, in: New York Amsterdam News, vol. 1, no. 7, April 1972

Selected Images

Numbers and Trees: Palm Tree 1, Tree #4, Zori

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