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Cindy Sherman

Photo: Inez & Vinoodh

Photo: Inez & Vinoodh

Born in 1954 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, Cindy Sherman lives and works in New York NY. Her ground-breaking photographs have interrogated themes around representation and identity in contemporary media for over four decades. Coming to prominence in the late 1970s with the Pictures Generation group alongside artists such as Sherrie Levine, Richard Prince and Louise Lawler, Sherman studied art at Buffalo State College in 1972 where she turned her attention to photography. In 1977, shortly after moving to New York, Sherman began her critically acclaimed Untitled Film Stills. A suite of 69 black and white portraits, Untitled Film Stills sees Sherman impersonate a myriad of stereotypical female characters and caricatures inspired by Hollywood pictures, film noir, and B movies. Using a range of costumes, props and backdrops to manipulate her own appearance and to create photographs resembling promotional film images, the series explores the tension between artifice and identity in consumer culture which has preoccupied the artist’s practice ever since.

Sherman continued to channel and reconstruct familiar personas known to the collective psyche, often in unsettling ways. In 1981, the artist created her Centerfolds, a series of photographic double spreads inspired by men’s erotic magazines. Originally commissioned by Artforum, the spreads were subsequently pulled for fear of backlash. Tightly cropped and shot in color, Sherman’s images show her characters in vulnerable and ambiguous states. By the mid to late 1980s, the artist’s visual language began to explore the more grotesque aspects of humanity through the lens of horror and the abject, as seen in works such as Fairy Tales (1985) and Disasters (1986-89). These highly visceral images saw the artist introduce visible prostheses and mannequins into her work, which would later be used in series such as Sex Pictures (1992) to add to the layers of artifice in her constructed female identities. Like Sherman’s use of costumes, wigs, and makeup, their application would often be left exposed. Her renowned History Portraits begun in 1988 used these theatrical effects to break, rather than uphold, any sense of illusion.

Since the early 2000s, Sherman has used digital technology to further manipulate her roster of characters. For the artist’s Clown series in 2003 she added psychedelic backdrops that are at once playful and menacing, exploring the disparity between the exterior persona and interior psychology of her subject. In her Society Portraits (2008) the artist used a green screen to create grandiose environments for women of the upper echelons of society. These CGI backdrops add to the veneer-like charm of the characters that Sherman portrays, heavily made up and absorbed by societal status in the face of aging. Her later works continue to offer a satirical view of the modern obsession with youth and beauty that has been projected onto women for decades. In her series of wall murals from 2010 (installed for her MoMA retrospective in 2012), Sherman features as a number of different characters against a computerized background in ill-fitting wigs, medieval dress, and no makeup, instead using photoshop to alter her facial features. In her Flappers series from 2016, the viewer is confronted with the vulnerability of the aging process in 1920s Hollywood starlets, who pose in glamorous attire from their prime with exaggerated makeup.

In 2017, Sherman began using Instagram to upload portraits that utilize a number of face-tuning apps, morphing the artist into a plethora of protagonists in kaleidoscopic settings. Disorientating and uncanny, the posts highlight the dissociative nature of Instagram from reality and the fractured sense of self in modern society that Sherman has uniquely encapsulated from the outset of her career.

Biography

Born Glen Ridge, New Jersey, 1954

Education

BA State University College at Buffalo, New York, 1976

Resides Lives and works in New York NY

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2020 Metro Pictures, New York NY

2019 National Portrait Gallery, London / Vancouver Art Gallery / Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris (Travelling Exhibition)
Stills. Centre for Photography, 'Cindy Sherman: Early Works, 1975-80', Edinburgh, UK

2018 Astrup Fearnley Museet, Oslo / Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires / SKMU Sørlandets Kunstmuseum, Kristiansand, 'Cindy Sherman - Works from the Astrup Fearnley Collection', (Travelling Exhibition)
Fosun Foundation, Shanghai, China

2017 Mnuchin Gallery, 'Once Upon A Time, 1981-2011', New York

2016 Metro Pictures, New York / Sprüth Magers, Berlin / Sprüth Magers, London (Travelling Exhibition)
Queensland Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane / City Gallery Wellington, New Zealand (Travelling Exhibition)
Broad Museum, / Wexner Center, 'Imitation of Life', Los Angeles CA/ Columbus OH (Travelling Exhibition)
Skarstedt, 'Cindy Sherman and David Salle. History Portraits and Tapestry Paintings', London UK
Housatonic Museum of Art, 'Rendezvous in Black', Bridgeport

2015 Me Collectors Room Berlin / Stiftung Olbricht / Museum Jorn, Silkeborg, Denmark / Weserburg,
Bremen, Germany (Travelling Exhibition)
Sammlung Goetz, Munich, Germany

2013 Astrup Fearnley Museum, Oslo / Moderna Museet, Stockholm / Kunsthaus, Zurich 'Untitled Horrors', Norway / Sweden / Switzerland (Travelling Exhibition)
Gucci Museo, 'Early Works', Florence Italy

2012 Portland Art Museum, Oregon
Gagosian Gallery, Paris, France
Metro Pictures, New York NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York NY / San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA / Walker Art Center, Minneapolis / Dallas Museum of Art (Travelling Exhibition)
Sammlung Verbund, Vertikale Galerie, Vienna / Centre de la photographie, Geneva / Kunst Meran, 'That’s Me – That’s Not Me', Austria / Switzerland / Italy (Travelling Exhibition)

2011 Sprüth Magers, London, UK
Bruce Museum, 'Cindy Sherman. Works from Friends of the Bruce Museum', Greenwich CN

2010 National Gallery of Iceland, 'Untitled Film Stills', Reykjavík, Iceland

2009 Gagosian Gallery, Rome, Italy
Sprüth Magers, Berlin, Germany
Sprüth Magers, London, UK

2008 Metro Pictures, New York NY
History Portraits, Skarstedt Gallery, New York NY

2007 Sprüth Magers, London,

2006 Jeu de Paume, Paris, France / Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria / Louisiana Museum for Moderne Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark / Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany (Travelling Exhibition)
Metro Pictures, New York

2005 Sprüth Magers, Munich, Germany
Sprüth Magers, London, UK
Guild Hall, East Hampton, New York NY
Cindy Sherman: Working Girl, Contemporary Art Museum, St. Louis

2004 Montclair Art Museum / Kestnergesellschaft,'The Unseen Cindy Sherman – Early Transformations 1975/1976', Montclair NJ / Hanover, Germany (Travelling Exhibition)
Metro Pictures, New York NY

2003 Serpentine Gallery, London / Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK (Travelling Exhibition)
Skarstedt Gallery, New York NY

2000 Hasselblad Center, Goteburg, Sweden
Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles CA
Sprüth Magers, Munich, Germany

1999 Metro Pictures, New York

1998 Metro Pictures, New York

1997 Museum of Modern Art, 'Cindy Sherman: The Complete Untitled Film Stills', New York NY
Museo de Bellas Artes, 'Cindy Sherman: A Selection From the Eli Broad Foundation’s Collection', Caracas
Museum of Contemporary Art / Museum of Contemporary Art / Galerie Rudolfinum / capc Musée, Bordeaux / Museum of Contemporary Art / Art Gallery of Ontario /, 'Cindy Sherman: Retrospective', Los Angeles CA / Chicago / Prague / Sydney / Toronto (Travelling Exhibition)
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

1996 Museum Boijmans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam / Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid / Sala de Exposiciones REKALDE, Bilbao / Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden (Travelling Exhibition)
Museum of Modern Art, Shiga, Japan / Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art, Marugame, Japan / Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (Travelling Exhibition)
The Cleveland Museum of Art, 'Metamorphosis: Cindy Sherman Photographs', Cleveland
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1995 Hirshhorn Museum, 'Directions: Cindy Sherman-Film Stills', Washington, D.C.
Deichtorhallen Hamburg / Malmo Kunsthall, Sweden / Kunstmuseum Luzerne, Switzerland, 'Cindy Sherman Photographien 1975-1995' (Travelling Exhibition)
Museu de Arte Moderna de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1994 ACC Galerie Weimar, Germany
Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester, UK
The Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1993 Tel Aviv Museum of Art

1992 Museo de Monterrey, Mexico
Metro Pictures, New York NY
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1991 Basel Kunsthalle, Switzerland / Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst, Munich, Germany / The Whitechapel Gallery, London, UK (Travelling Exhibition)
Milwaukee Art Museum / Center for the Fine Arts, Miami / The Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (Travelling Exhibition)

1990 Padiglione d'arte Contemporanea, Milan, Italy
University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley CA
Metro Pictures, New York NY
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1989 National Art Gallery, Wellington, New Zealand / Waikato Museum of Art and History, New Zealand (Travelling Exhibition)
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1988 Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Ger

1987 Whitney Museum of American Art, New York / The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston / The Dallas Museum of Art (Travelling Exhibition)
Metro Pictures, New York

1985 Westfalischer Kunstverein, Munster, Germany
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1984 Akron Art Museum / Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia / Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh PA / Des Moines Art Center / The Baltimore Museum of Art (Travelling Exhibition)
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1983 Musee d’Art et d’Industrie de Saint Etienne, France
The St. Louis Art Museum, Missouri
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1982 The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam / Gewad, Ghent, Belgium / Watershed Gallery, Bristol,UK / John Hansard Gallery, University of Southampton,UK / Palais Stutterheim, Erlangen, Germany / Haus am Waldsee, Berlin / Centre d’Art Contemporain, Geneva / Sonja Henie-Niels Onstadt
Foundation, Copenhagen / Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1981 Metro Pictures, New York NY

1980 Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston TX
Metro Pictures, New York NY

Selected Group Exhibitions

2020 Metropolitan Museum, 'Photography’s Last Century: The Collection of Ann Tenenbaum and Thomas H. Lee', New York NY
Menil Collection, 'Photography and the Surreal Imagination', Houston TX
Walker Art Center, 'The Paradox of Stillness', Minneapolis

2019 Metro Pictures, 'Life to come', (organized by Asad Raza) New York NY
Gracie Mansion, 'She Persists: A Century of Women Artists', New York NY
Aargauer Kunsthaus, 'Mask. In Present-Day Art', Aarau, Switzerland
Museum of Modern Art, 'Public Images', New York NY

2018 National Gallery of Art / High Museum, / Los Angeles County Museum of Art 'Outliers and the American Vanguard Art', Washington D.C. / Atlanta / Los Angeles
Institute of Contemporary Art, 'Art in the Age of the Internet', Boston MA
Hirshhorn Museum, 'Brand New', Washington D. C.
San Francisco Museum of Art, 'Selves and Others', San Francisco CA
MoMA at NGV, National Gellery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Belgrade Biennale, 'The Marvellous Cacophony', Belgrade

2017 Metro Pictures, 'A New Ballardian Vision', New York NY
SOMA Museum, Seoul / Yokohama Museum of Art, 'Nude – Art from Tate Collection', Korea / Japan (Travelling Exhibition)
Deutsches Hygiene Museum, 'The Face', Dresden, Germany
Fondation Louis Vuitton, 'Being Modern: MoMA in Paris', Paris, France
National Portrait Gallery, 'The Sweat of Their Face', Washington

2016 National Gallery of Art, 'Photography Reinvented: The Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker Collection', Washington
Art Institute of Chicago, 'Nothing Personal', Chicago
The Whitney Museum, 'Human Interest. Portraits from the Whitney Collection' New York NY
Museum für Moderne Kunst, 'An Imagined Museum: Works from the Pompidou Tate and MMK Collections', Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, 'The Eighties – A Decade of Extremes', Antwerp, Belgium
MCA Chicago, 'Witness', Chicago
Institute of Contemporary Art, 'First Light: A Decade of Collecting at the ICA', Boston
New South Wales Art Gallery, 'Nude – art from the Tate Collection', Sydney Australia

2015 Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Of Images.. Strategies on Appropriation, Basel
Kunsthalle Bremen, Last Year in Marienbad: A Film as Art, Bremen, Germany
Hamburger Kunsthalle, 'The Feminist Avant-Garde of the 1970s: Works from Sammlung Verbund Collection', Germany / The Photographers´ Gallery, London / Museum of Modern Art, Vienna / ZKM – Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany / Stavanger Art Museum, Norway / The Brno House of Arts, Czech Republic
The Whitney Museum of American Art, 'America Is Hard to See', New York NY
The Milan Triennial, Arts & Foods. Rituals since 1851, Milan, Italy
Cannibalism? On Appropriation in Art, Zacheta National Gallery of Art, Warsaw, Poland
Picasso in Contemporary Art, Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Germany
Queensize – Female Artists from the Olbricht Collection, me Collectors Room Berlin/Stiftung Olbricht; Museum Arnhem, The Netherlands
The Great Mother, Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, Palazzo Reale, Milan
Collected by Thea Westreich Wagner and Ethan Wagner, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Centre Pompidou, Paris (Travelling Exhibition)
NO MAN’S LAND: Women Artists from the Rubell Family Collection, Rubell Family Collection / Contemporary Arts Foundation, Miami

2014 To Have and To Hold, Rubell Family Collection/Contemporary Arts Foundation, Miami (Travelling Exhibition)
Bad Thoughts: Collection Martijn and Jeanette Sanders, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (Travelling Exhibition)
Urban Theater: New York Art in the 1980s, The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth TX
Manifesta, St. Petersburg, Russia
Paparazzi! Photographers, Stars and Artists, Centre Pompidou-Metz, France; Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt; Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku / Musee de l’Eysee, Lausanne (Travelling Exhibition)
No Problem: Cologne/New York 1984 – 1989, David Zwirner, New York NY

2013 Reading Cinema, Finding Worlds: Art After Marcel Broodthaers, The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto; The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo (cat.) (2014)
NYC 1993! Experiment Jet Set, Trash and No Star, New Museum, New York (cat.)
The Encyclopedic Palace, 55th Venice Biennale (cat.)
Love is Colder than Capital, Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria

2012 Behold, America! Art of the United States from Three San Diego Museums, Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, The San Diego Museum of Art, and the Timken Museum of Art (2012-2013) (cat.)
Elles: Women Artists from the Centre Pompidou, Paris, Seattle Art Museum (cat.)
Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (cat.)
A Bigger Splash: Painting After Performance, Tate Modern, London (cat.) (2012-2013)
Wish You Were Here: The Buffalo Avant-garde in the 1970s, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (cat.) Riotous Baroque: From Cattelan to Zurbaran. Manifestations of Precarious Vitality, Kunsthause, Zürich; Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Vizcaya, Spain (2013) (cat.)
Spies in the House of Art Photography, Film, and Video, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago; Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (2012-2013)

2011 Exposition D’ouverture, Le Consortium, Dijon, France
Museum of Desires, MUMOK, Vienna
Shared Intelligence: American Painting and the Photograph, The Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe, New Mexico
No Substitute, Glenstone Foundation, Potomac, Maryland (cat.)
ILLUMInations, 54th Venice Biennale
1,000 Faces / 0 Faces / 1 Face: Cindy Sherman, Thomas Ruff, Frank Montero, La Fundación Telefónica for PhotoEspaña 2011, Madrid
The Deconstructive Impulse: Women Aritsts Reconfigure the Signs of Power, 1973-1991, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, New York; Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston (2011-2012)

2010 Pictures by Women: A History of Modern Photography, Museum of Modern Art, New York (2010-2011)
Hyper Real, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna (2010-2011)
Decadence Now! Visions of Excess, Galerie Rudolfinum, Prague (2010-2011)
10,000 Lives, Gwangju Biennale, Korea (cat.)
Mixed Use, Manhattan: Photography and Related Practices 1970s to the present, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid (cat.)
Skin Fruit: Selections from the Dakis Joannou Collection, New Museum, New York
Off the Wall: Part 1—Thirty Performative Actions, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Sexuality and Transcendence, Pinchuk Art Centre, Kiev, Ukraine
Haunted: Contemporary Photography/Video/Performance, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Guggenheim Museum, Bilboa (2010-2011) (cat.)
The Dissolve, SITE Santa Fe Eighth Biennial, Santa Fe, New Mexico (cat.)

2009 Elles@Centrepompidou, Centre Pompidou, Paris (2009-2011) (cat.)
Undeniably Me, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany (2009-2010)
Beg Borrow and Steal,” The Rubell Family Collection Museum, Miami (2009-2010) (cat.)
Who’s Afraid of the Artists, A Selection of Works From Francois Pinault Foundation Collection, Palais des Arts, Dinard, France
Dress Codes, Third ICP Triennial of Photography and Video, International Center of Photography Museum, New York (2009-2010) (cat.)
Mapping the Studio: Artists from the François Pinault Collection, Punta della Dogana, Venice (2009- 2010) (cat.)
The Pictures Generation: 1974-1984, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (cat.)
Un Certain État du Monde? A Selection of Works From Francois Pinault Foundation Collection, Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow (cat.)
Into the Sunset: Photography’s Image of the American West, Museum of Modern Art, New York; Seattle Art Museum (2009-2010)
The Darkside II, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Zurich (cat.)

2008 Collecting Collections: Highlights from the Permanent Collection, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (cat.)
Blasted Allegories: Works from the Ringier Collection, Kunstmuseum, Luzern (cat.)
Street and Studio, Tate Modern, London; Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (2008-2009) (cat.) The Broad Contemporary Art Museum, Los Angeles County Museum of Art (cat.)

2007 WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington D.C.; P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, New York (2007-2008) (cat.)
Theater without Theater, Museum of Contemporary Art, Barcelona Passage du Temps: Selections from the François Pinault Foundation, Tri Postal, Lille, France
Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Panic Attack! Art in the Punk Years, Barbican Art Gallery, London (cat.)
Held Together With Water, Sammlung Verbund, MAK, Vienna; Museum of Modern Art, Istanbul (2007-2009) (cat.)
Wrestle, Hessel Museum of Art, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York (cat.)
Portrait/Homage/Embodiment, Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis

2006 New York New York: Fifty Years of Art, Architecture, Cinema, Performance, Photography and Video, Grimaldi Forum Monaco (cat.)
Into Me / Out of Me, P.S. 1, New York; KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin; MACRO Museo d’Arte Contemporanea, Rome (2006-2007) (cat.)
WHERE ARE WE GOING: Selections from the Francios Pinault Collection, Palazzo Grassi, Venice
Masquerade, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney

2005 Contemporanea, Fundación Juan March, Madrid (cat.)
Vertiges, Printemps de septembre a Toulouse Festival of Contemporary Images, France (cat.)
Flashback: Revisiting the Art of the Eighties, Kunstmuseum Museum for Gegenwartskunst, Basel (cat.)

2004 Monument to Now: The Dakis Joannou Collection, DESTE Foundation for Contemporary Art, Athens (cat.)
Fashioning Fiction – In Photographing Since 1990, Museum of Modern Art, New York (cat.)
La Grande Parade – Portrait de L’artiste en Clown, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Disparities & Deformations – Our Grotesque, 5th International Site Santa Fe Bienniale, Site Santa Fe, New Mexico (cat.)
Shanghai Biennale - Techniques of the Visible, Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai (cat.)

2003 Pletskud, Arken Museum for Moderne Kunst, Skøvej, Germany
The Last Picture Show: Artists Using Photography 1960-1982, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles; Miami Art Central, Florida

2002 Tableaux Vivants, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna (cat.)
Hautnah- The Goetz Collection, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich
Moving Pictures, Solomon R. Guggenhein Museum, New York
Visions from America: Photographs from the Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Museum, New York (cat.)
Life, Death, Love, Hate, Pleasure, Pain, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

2000 Let's Entertain, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, (cat.); Centre Pompidou, Paris; Portland Art Musuem, Oregon; Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico (cat.); Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany (2001); Miami Art Museum (2001)
Open Ends, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Hyper Mental, Kunsthaus Zürich (2000- 2001); Hamburger Kunsthalle
Inverted Odysseys: Claude Calhoun, Maya Deren, Cindy Sherman, Grey Art Gallery, New York University; Museum of Contemporary Art, Miami

1999 Gesammelte Werke 1: Zeitgenössische Kunst seit 1968, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg
Notorious, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford
The American Century, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (cat.)
Inverted Odysseys, Grey Art Gallery, New York
The Century of the Body: Photoworks 1900-2000, Musée de l'Elysée, Lisbon Triennale Exhibition: Sentiment of the Year 2000, Triennale di Milano, Milan Regarding Beauty, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C.

1998 Mirror Images: Women, Surrealism and Self-Representation, MIT List Center, Cambridge, Massachussettes; Miami Art Museum; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

1997 Gender Performance in Photography, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
On the Edge: Contemporary Art from the Werner and Elaine Dannheisser Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York (cat.)
Von Beuys bis Cindy Sherman Sammlung Lothar Schirmer, Kunsthalle Bremen

1996 L'Informe: le Modernisme a Rebours, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris
Hall of Mirrors: Art and Film Since 1945, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio; Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome; The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Biennale di Firenze, Florence, Italy

1995 Projections, Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation, Toronto
1995 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Zeichen & Wunder, Kunsthaus Zurich
XLVI Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte 1995, La Biennale di Venezia, Venice
FemininMasculin: Le Sexe de l'Art, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée d'Art Moderne, Paris
1995 Carnegie International, The Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh

1994 World Morality, Kunsthalle, Basel
Body and Soul, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland
Jurgen Klauke -Cindy Sherman, Sammlung Goetz, Munich

1993 Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman, Laurie Simmons, Kunsternes Hus, Oslo; Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki (cat.)
1993 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
American Art of This Century, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; Royal Academy of Arts, London

1992 Post Human, Musée d'Art Contemporain, Pully/Lausanne, Switzerland; Castello di Rivoli, Turin; Deste
Foundation, Athens; Deichtorhallen, Hamburg; Israel Museum, Jerusalem (cat.)

1991 1991 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Metropolis, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin (cat.)

1990 Culture and Commentary, The Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C.
Energies, The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
The Readymade Boomerang, Eighth Biennial of Sydney

1989 A Forest of Signs: Art in the Crisis of Representation, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Bilderstreit, Mense Rhineside Halls, Cologne
Image World: Art and Media Culture, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1987 Avant-Garde in the Eighties, Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Implosion: A Postmodern Perspective, Moderna Museet, Stockholm

1986 The Big Top Is Up, Kuhlenschmidt/Simon, Los Angeles
Art and Its Double: A New York Perspective, Fundacio Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona; La Caixa de Pensions, Madrid
Individuals: A Selected History of Contemporary Art, 1945-1986, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles CA
The American Exhibition, The Art Institute of Chicago

1985 1985 Carnegie International, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (cat.)
1985 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (cat.)

1984 Alibis, Centre Pompidou, Musee d'Art Moderne, Paris
Content: A Contemporary Focus, 1974-84, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington D.C.
The Fifth Biennale of Sydney, Private Symbol: Social Metaphor, Art Gallery of New South Wales

1982 Documenta 7, Kassel, West Germany (cat.)
Eight Artists: The Anxious Edge, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota (cat.)
La Biennale di Benezia, Venice (cat.)

Film and Video Direction

1997 Office Killer, feature-film starring Molly Ringwald, Carol Kane, Jeanne Tripplehorn, Barbara Sukowa, Good Machine and Kardana/Swinsky Films

Awards and Grants

2020 Wolf Prize

2019 Max-Beckmann-Prize

2017 The 100 Most Influential People (Time Magazine)

2016 Praemium Imperiale

2014 Centennial Medal, American Academy in Rome

2012 Roswitha Haftmann Prize

2011 Archives of American Art Medal

2010 Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Arts

2009 National Artist Honoree, The Anderson Ranch Arts Center

2005 Guild Hall Academy of the Arts Lifetime Achievement Award for Visual Arts
Honoree at New Museum of Contemporary Art Annual Benefit Gala

2003 American Academy of Arts and Sciences Award

2002 National Arts Award

2001 New York State Governor’s Arts Award

2000 The Hasselblad Foundation

1999 Goslar Kaierring Prize

1997 Wolfgang-Hahn-Preis (Gesellschaft fur Moderne Kunst am Museum Ludwig)

1995 John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

1993 Larry Aldrich Foundation Award, Connecticut

1989 Skowhegan Medal for Photography, Maine

1983 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship

1977 National Endowment for the Arts

Bibliography

Selected Bibliography

Monographs

2019 Moorhouse, Paul. Cindy Sherman. National Portrait Gallery, London. Cindy Sherman Postcards. National Portrait Gallery, London.

2018 Kvanar, Gunnar B. ed. Cindy Sherman -Works from the Astrup Fearnley Collection. Astrup Fearnley Museet, Oslo.

2017 Haberkorn, Lucas. Cindy Sherman. Museum Jorn, Silkeborg, Denmark.
Bonami, Francesco and Betsy Berne. Cindy Sherman: Once Upon a Time, 1981-2011, Mnuchin Gallery, New York.

2016 Kaiser, Philipp; Coppola, Sofia and Heyler, Joanne. Cindy Sherman: Imitation of Life. Broad Museum, Los Angeles and Prestel, Munich, London, New York.
Mutch, Rebecca, ed. Cindy Sherman, Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, Australia.
Berne, Betsy. Cindy Sherman 2016, Hartman Books, Stuttgart, Germany.

2015 Goetz, Ingvild and Karsten Löckemann, eds. Cindy Sherman. Hatje Cantz Verlag, Germany.

2014 Schweitzer, Dahlia. Cindy Sherman’s Office Killer: Another Kind of Monster. Intellect Books, Bristol, UK and Chicago.
Moorhouse, Paul. Phaidon Focus: Cindy Sherman. Phaidon Press, London.

2013 Essling, Lena, ed. Untitled Horrors. Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern, Germany.

2012 Döttinger, Christa. Cindy Sherman: History Portraits. Schirmer/Mosel, Munich. (reprint)
Respini, Eva, ed. Cindy Sherman, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Schor, Gabriele. Cindy Sherman: Das Früwerk 1975-1977, Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern, Germany.

2011 Cindy Sherman: Works from Friends of the Bruce Museum, Bruce Museum, Greenwich, Connecticut.

2008 Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures and Sprüth Magers, New York.

2007 Bonami, Francesco, ed., Cindy Sherman, Mondadori Electa S.p.A., Milan.
Verlag, Hatje Cantz. A Play of Selves, Metro Pictures, New York.

2006 Rouart, Julie, ed. Cindy Sherman, Jeu de Paume & Flammarion, Paris.
Burton, Johanna. Cindy Sherman, The October Files, MIT Press, Boston.

2005 Morris, Catherine. Working Girl, Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis.

2004 Clowns, Schirmer/Mosel, Hannover.

2003 The Complete Untitled Film Stills, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Centerfolds, Skarstedt Fine Art, New York.
Cindy Sherman, Serpentine Gallery, London.

2001 Hysteric Two, Hysteric Glamour, Tokyo.

2000 Early Work of Cindy Sherman, foreword by Edsel Williams, Glenn Horowitz Bookseller, New York.
Gunilla Knape ed., Cindy Sherman, Hasselblad Center, Goteborg, Sweden.

1999 The Essential Cindy Sherman, The Wonderland Press/Abrams, New York.

1997 Retrospective, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.
Katharina Schmidt & Marc Scheps, Cindy Sherman, Museum Ludwig, Cologne.
Cindy Sherman: A Selection From the Eli Broad Foundation’s Collection, essays by Frederica Palomero & Joanne Heyler, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela.

1996 Cindy Sherman, essays by Betty van Garrel, Verena Lueken, Hal Foster, Margrit Brehm, Peter Schjeldahl, Museum Boijmans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam.
Cindy Sherman, essays by Amelia Arenas, Chika Mori, Akio Obigane, sachiko Osaki, interview with Noriko Fuku, Museum of Modern Art, Shiga, Japan; Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art; Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo.

1995 Schneider, Christa. Cindy Sherman: History Portraits, Schirmer Mosel, Munich.
Cindy Sherman: Photoarbeiten 1975-1995, introduction by Zdenek Felix and Martin Schwander, text by Elisabeth Bronfen and Ulf Erdmann Ziegler, Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Malmo Konsthall, Kunstmuseum Luzern.
Cindy Sherman: The Self Which Is Not One, essay by Carlos Basualdo, Museu de Arte Moderna de Sao Paulo, Brazil.

1993 Rosalind Krauss, Cindy Sherman: 1975-1993, Rizzoli, New York.

1991 Cindy Sherman, essay by Thomas Kellein, Basel Kunsthalle, Basel; Whitechapel Art Gallery, London; Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst, Munich.
History Portraits, essay by Arthur C. Danto, Rizzoli, New York and Schirmer/Mosel, Munich.
Cindy Sherman: Specimens, Art Random: Kyoto Shoin International.

1990 Untitled Film Stills Cindy Sherman, essay by Arthur Danto, Schirmer Mosel, Munich and Rizzoli, New York.
Cindy Sherman, Mazzotta, Milan.

1989 Cindy Sherman, essays by Robert Leonard and Priscilla Pitts, The National Art Gallery, New Zealand.

1987 Cindy Sherman, essays by Peter Schjeldahl and Lisa Phillips, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachussetts; The Dallas Museum of Art, Texas.
Cindy Sherman, essays by Peter Schjeldahl and Els Barents, Schirmer/Mosel, Munich.
Cindy Sherman, Parco Co., Ltd, Tokyo.

1985 Cindy Sherman, essay by Marianne Stockebrand, Westfalischer Kunstverein, Munster.

1984 Cindy Sherman, Laforet Museum, Tokyo.
Cindy Sherman, essays by Peter Schjeldahl and I. Michael Danoff, Pantheon Books, New York.

1983 Cindy Sherman, essay by Christian Caujolle, Musee d'Art et d'Industrie Saint-Etienne, France.

1982 Cindy Sherman, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.

Selected Publications

2020 De Bellis, Vincenzo, Cirauqui, Manuel, Collingwood, Jadine (et al.), 'The Paradox of Stillness: Art, Object, and Performance', Minneapolis: Walker Art Center, 2020, pp. 196-197, 301, ill. (exh. cat.)

2019 Wetzler, Rachel. “Playing to the Camera,” Apollo (June): 78-83.
Pocket MASP with MCA Chicago. MASP, São Paulo: 40-41.
Great Women Artists. Phaidon, London/New York: 371.
Mask. In Present-Day Art. Scheidegger & Spiess; Aargauer Kunsthaus, Aarau, Switzerland: 229-236.
Blasberg, Derek. “Art Innovator: Cindy Sherman,” WSJ - The Wall Street Journal Magazine (November): Cover, 102-107.
About Face: Photographs by Cindy Sherman, Laurie Simmons, and Rachel Harrison from the Collection of Carol and David Appel. Museum of fine Arts, Montreal.

2018 Solomon-Godeau, Abigail. “Cindy Sherman.” In Pinault Collection 10. Edited by Jean-Jacques Aillagon, Martin Bethenod and Nazanine Ravaï. Pinault Collection, Paris: 10-19.
Jetzer, Gianni, Leah Pires, and Bob Nickas. Brand New: Art and Commodity in the 1980’s. Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C. and Rizzoli Electa, New York: 90.
Respini, Eva. Art in the Age of the Internet, 1989 to Today. ICA Boston and Yale University Press, New Haven: 254-55, 281.
Cook, Lynne. Outliers and the American Vanguard Art. National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.: 290-91, 363.
Sehgal, Parul. “Ugly Beauty,” New York Times Magazine (October 7): 62-69, 95, 97.
Trembley, Nicolas, ed. The SYZ Collection. JPR|Ringier, Zurich: 134-137.
Brant, Sandra, ed. Nothing Is Lost: Selected Essays of Ingrid Sischy. Knopf, New York: xiv, 6-11, 12-13, 22-5, 229, 234, 389, 391, 442.
Julavits, Heidi. “Cindy Sherman,” The Gentlewoman (Spring and Summer): Two Covers, 176-189.

2017 “Back in the Stacks: The 115th Anniversary Issue.” ARTNEWS: front cover.
Nesbit, Molly. Midnight–The Tempest Essays. Inventory Press, New York: 113, 121-23, 130-31.
Solomon-Godeau, Abigail. Photography After Photography. Duke University Press, Durham and London: cover, 189-206.
Fuchs, Rudi. Cindy Sherman and David Salle: History Portraits and Tapestry Paintings. Skartedt, London and New York.
Farrago, Jason. “Instagram As a Mask Or Canvas,” The New York Times (August 7): C1, C6.
“Women Who Were First: Cindy Sherman,” Time (September 2017): 90-91.
Russeth, Andrew. “Face Value,” W (November): cover, 90-93.

2016 Crimp, Douglas. Before Pictures. Dancing Foxes Press and University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London: 162, 241-44, 253-62, 270-71, 274-75.
Gale, Matthew; Morris, Frances and Serota, Nicholas. Tate Modern: The Handbook. Tate Publishing, London: 292.
Fateman, Johanna. “Cindy Sherman,” Aperture (Fall): 23, 27.
Simmons, William J. “Cindy Sherman,” King Kong (Issue 2, A/W 2016): 87-94.
Greenough, Sara. Photography Reinvented. The Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington and Princeton University Press: 50-3.
Crimp, Douglas. “Pictures. S’ Approprier La Photographie. New York, 1979-2014.” Le Point du Jour, Cherbourg-Octeville, France: 61, 167, 176-82.
Tumlir, Jan. “Cindy Sherman,” Artforum (November): 287-88.
Loc, Tim. “Cindy Sherman, Art World Shape Shifter, To Exhibit At The Broad,” LAist.com (June 10).
Riefe, Jordan. “Cindy Sherman Storms L.A.’s Broad: Iconic Artist Explains Her Hollywood State of Mind,” HollywoodReporter.com (June 11).
Knight, Christopher. “Review: Art as a mirror of selfie culture? That’s ‘Cindy Sherman: Imitation of Life’” LATimes.com (June 11).
Vankin, Deborah. “Cindy Sherman reveals her latest body of work — and it’s personal,” LATimes.com (June 11).
Laden, Tanja. “Cindy Sherman Debuts the Broad Museum’s Special Exhibitions,” Vice.com (June 12). Goldstein, Andrew M. “10 of the Best Artworks at Art Basel 2016,” Artspace.com (June 15).
Sharkey, Lauren. “Cindy Sherman’s Cinematic Selfies Arrive in LA,” LA.Racked.com (June 14).
Lum, Cynthia. “Cindy Sherman: Imitation of Life,” Examiner.com (June 13).
Free, Erin. “In Character: A Cinematic Response To Cindy Sherman,” FilmInk.com.au (June 17).
Barrera, Sandra. “How Cindy Sherman’s art became the Broad’s first special exhibition” DailyNews.com (June 17).
Adams, Tim. “Cindy Sherman: ‘Why am I in these photos?’” TheGuardian.com (July 3).
Ash, Romy. “Cindy Sherman on her lifelong love of dress-ups,” TheSaturdayPaper.com.au (June 18).
McDonald, John. “Cindy Sherman: self-portraits of the artist as an everywoman”
SydneyMorningHerald.com.au (June 24).
Stephens, Andrew. “Who are you? Cindy Sherman retrospective goes in search of the real subject,” SydneyMorningHerald.com.au (June 3).
Stuart, Gwynedd. “5 Reasons to See Cindy Sherman’s Show at the Broad,” LAWeekly.com (June 9,).
Herriman, Kat. “Watch a Larger-Than-Life Cindy Sherman Mural Come Together,” T Magazine Blog (June 8).
Cain, Abigail. “Is Cindy Sherman a Feminist?,” Artsy.com (June 2).
Cascone, Sarah. “VIDEO: Cindy Sherman Channels Old Hollywood Glamour at Metro Pictures,” artnet.com (June 9).
Jansen, Charlotte. “Caught on film: The Broad showcases 120 of Cindy Sherman’s most cinematic works,” Wallpaper.com (June 9).
Juliano, Michael. “Cindy Sherman’s self-portraits fill the Broad’s first ticketed exhibition,” Timeout.com (June 9).
Forrest, Nicholas. “Review: Cindy Sherman’s Potent Portraits at GOMA Brisbane,” BlouinArtInfo.com (June 6).
Cain, Abigail. “Is Cindy Sherman a Feminist?,” Artsy.com (June 2).
Hoffman, Barbara. “The many faces of artist Cindy Sherman,” New York Post (May 21): 28-29.
Fallon, Claire. “Artist Cindy Sherman Embodies 1920s Film Beauties In New Photos,” HuffingtonPost.com (May 23).
Fateman, Johanna. “Critics’ Picks: Cindy Sherman,” Artforum (May): 187.
Stephens, Andrew. “Who are you? Cindy Sherman retrospective goes in search of the real subject,” SydneyMorningHerald.com.au (June 3).
Butler, Sally. “Here’s looking at: Cindy Sherman ‘Head Shots,’” TheConversation.com (May 24).
Fallon, Claire. “Artist Cindy Sherman Embodies 1920s Film Beauties In New Photos,” HuffingtonPost.com (May 23).
Carvalho, Karina. “Cindy Sherman questioning fashion, beauty and aging women comes to Brisbane,” ABC.net.au (May 26).
Ebony, David. “David Ebony’s Top 10 New York Gallery Shows for May,” Artnet.com (May 25).
Liu, Ginger. “Cindy Sherman: Imitation of Life at the Broad: Interview,” Examiner.com (May 26).
Fairley, Gina. “VIDEO: Who is Cindy Sherman?” ArtsHub.co.uk (May 30).
Krasinski, Jennifer. “About Face: Cindy Sherman’s Women at Metro Pictures,” VillageVoice.com (May 31).
Frost, Andrew. “Cindy Sherman review – high-society selfies by quintessential postmodernist,” TheGuardian.com (May 30).
Harris, Lauren Carroll. “Seven Hidden Cinema References In Cindy Sherman’s Work” FilmInk.com.au (May 24).
Stephens, Andrew. “Who are you? Cindy Sherman retrospective goes in search of the real subject,” SydneyMorningHerald.com.au (June 3).
Cotter, Holland. “Poised for a Final Close-Up and Moving On,” New York Times (May 27): C22.
Gopnik, Blake. “Ready for Her Close-Up,” New York Times (April 24): AR1, AR 18.
Fateman, Johanna. “Critics’ Picks: Cindy Sherman,” Artforum (May 2016): 187.
Alm, David. “In Her New Work, Cindy Sherman Confronts The Pain, Loneliness, And Strength Of An Aging Woman,” Forbes.com (May 6).
King, Darryn. “Photographer Cindy Sherman’s fictional self-portraits head to QAGOMA,” TheAustralian.com.au (May 7).
Eckardt, Stephanie. “Cindy Sherman’s Latest Guise: Extreme Vulnerability,” WMagazine.com (May 3).
Nastasi, Alison. “Cindy Sherman’s Intimate Portraits as Hollywood Grande Dames Examine Aged Femininity,” Flavorwire.com (May 2).
Allsop, Laura. “Lessons We Can Learn From Cindy Sherman,” AnOtherMag.com (April 22).
Corral, Alexis. “15 Blockbuster Gallery Shows You Need to See in New York This May,” Artsy.com (April 29).
Gopnik, Blake. “In an Unseen New Image of Aging, Cindy Sherman Returns To Her Teenage Self,” Artnet.com (April 25).
Brown, Laura. “Cindy Sherman: Street-Style Star,” Harper’s Bazaar (March 2016): Five Collector’s Edition Covers, 185, 190, 454-463.
Cascone, Sarah. “Cindy Sherman Channels Old Hollywood Glamour at Metro Pictures,” artnet.com (June 9).
Freeman, Anna. “Your Ultimate Guide to Cindy Sherman,” DazedDigital.com (August 3).
Maunder, Tess. “A conversation with Ellie Buttrose,” Ocula.com (July 6).
Wetzler, Rachel. “Cindy Sherman,” Art in America (September): 143-44.
Teicholz, Tom “Looking At Cindy Sherman,” Forbes.com (August 24).
Jansen, Charlotte. “How Feminist Photography of the 1970s Paved the Way for Women Artists Today,” Artsy.net (October 7).

2015 Ubi, Ralph; Oeri, Maja and Hurzeler, Catherine. Future Present: The Collection of the Emanuel Hoffman Foundation. Laurenz Foundation, Schaulager, Münchenstein, Switzerland: 526-535, 717. Grunenberg, Christoph and Eva Fischer-Hausdorf, eds. Last Year in Marienbad: A Film as Art.
Wienand Verlag, Cologne and Kunsthalle Bremen, Germany: 214-215.
Rondeau, James. Edlis/Neeson Collection. The Art Institute of Chicago: 80-85.
Gioni, Massimiliano and Roberta Tenconi, eds. The Great Mother. Skira, Milan and Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, Milan: 2, 250-251.
Heyler, Joanne, Ed Schad and Chelsea Beck, eds. The Broad Collection. DelMonico Books-Prestel Publishing, Munich, London, New York: 19, 162-167, 169-179.
McDonough, Tom. “Human/Capital,” October (No. 153, Summer): 117-131.
Friedli, Isabel, Heidi Naef, with Jasmin Sumpf, Martina Venanzoni and Anna Francke, eds. Future Present: The Collection of the Emmanuel Hoffmann Foundation. Laurenz Foundation, Schaulager: 526-533, 717-718.
Florido, Emily and Alison McDonald, eds. In the Studio: Photographs. Gagosian Gallery, New York: 110.

2014 Luckow, Dirk, ed. Picasso in Contemporary Art. Snoeck Verladgesellschaft mbH, Cologne: 196-197. Sherman, Cindy. Art in America (December, 2014): cover.
Auping, Michael. Urban Theater: New York in the 1980s. Skira Rizzoli, New York and The Museum of Modern Art Fort Worth, Texas: 138-145.
Van Nieuwenhuyzen, Martijn, ed. Bad Thoughts: Collection Martijn and Jeannette Sanders. Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam: 29.
Elkann, Ginevra, Neville Wakefield, Hans Ulrich Obrist and Mario Testino. Somos Libres II: Works from the Mario Testino Collection. RCS Libri S.p.A., Milan: 16, 28.

2013 Nedo, Kito. “Cindy Sherman.” In Art Now Vol. 4. Taschen: 384, cover.
Makiguchi, Chinatsu, ed. Reading Cinema, Finding Worlds: Art After Marcel Broodthaers. The National Museum of Art, Kyoto: 46-55.
Dressen, Anne. “Best of 2013: #4 Cindy Sherman (55th Venice Biennale),” Artforum (December): 240.
Gioni, Massimiliano and Gary Carrion-Murayari. NYC 1993: Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No Star. New Museum, New York: 143.
Galpin, Amy, ed. Behold, America! Art of the United States from Three San Diego Art Museums. Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, The San Diego Art Museum, and the Tinken Museum of Art: 57, 355.
Pih, Darren, ed. Glam: The Performance of Style. Tate Publishing, London: 130-1, 135.
Heartney, Eleanor. “Cindy Sherman: The Polemics of Play.” In After the Revolution: Women Who Transformed Art, 2nd ed. Prestel Publising, New York, Munich, London: 180-201.
Cufer, Eda, Isabella Maidment, Fiontán Moran, Dieter Roelstraete and Catherine Wood. A Bigger Spash: Painting after Performance. Tate Modern, London: 72-4, 112.

2012 Abbe, Mary. “The Many Lives of Cindy Sherman,” Variety (November 9): E1-E6; Vitamn (November 8-14): cover, 16-8.
Morineau, Camille and Annalisa Rimmaudo, eds. elles@centrepompidou, Centre Pompidou, Paris, Seattle Art Museum: 98-99.
Mark Rosenthal et al., Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: 57, 68, 100, 109.
Dika, Vera. The (Moving) Pictures Generation, Palgrave Macmillan, New York: 42.
Curiger, Brice, Carlotta Graedel Matthäi and Franziska Lentzsch, eds. Riotous Baroque: From Cattelan to Zurbaran. Manifestations of Precarious Vitality, Kunsthause Zürich: 133-135.
Baker, Kenneth. “Artist and Model All in One,” San Francisco Chronicle (Sunday Datebook, July 8-14): Cover, 12-13.
Grundberg, Andy. Cindy Sherman, MoMA, Art in America (June/July): 165.
Pesanti, Heather, ed. Wish You Were Here: The Buffalo Avant-garde in the 1970s, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo: 96-7.
Foster, Hal. “At MoMA,” London Review of Books (May 10): 12.
Pollack, Barbara. “Cindy Sherman, Museum of Modern Art,” ARTnews (May): 106.
Smith, Roberta. “Cindy Sherman,” New York Times (May 4): C28.
Molesworth, Helen ed., This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s, Museum Contemporary Art Chicago and Yale University Press, New Haven: 296-297, 373-375.
Halle, Howard. “Cindy Sherman,” Time Out New York (March 15-21): 41.
Bodin, Claudia. “Ich ist eine andere,” art (March): cover, 22-31.
Schjeldahl, Peter. “Faces,” The New Yorker (March 5): 84-85.
Smith, Roberta. “Photography’s Angel Provocateur,” The New York Times (February 24): C25-29. Vogel, Carol. “Cindy Sherman Unmasked,” The New York Times (February 19): AR1, AR24.
Saltz, Jerry. “Cindy Sherman: Becoming,” New York Magazine (February 20-27): 88-92.
Schama, Simon. “Cindy Sherman talks to Simon Schama,” FT Weekend Magazine (February 4-5): cover, 14-19.

2011 Bankowsky, Jack and Emily Wei Rales. No Substitute, Glenstone Foundation, Potomac, Maryland: 122-123.
Kraus, Karola, ed. Museum of Desires, DISTANZ Verlag, Berlin: 220-221, 239.
Candy (3rd issue, 2011-2012): 27-39.
Defining Contemporary Art: 25 Years in 200 Pivotal Artworks, Phaidon Press Limited, London: 30-31. Curiger, Brice and Giovanni Carmine, ed. ILLUMInations, Marsilio Editori, Venice: 264-265.
Lynes, Barbara Buhler and John Weinberg, ed. Shared Intelligence: American Painting and the Photograph, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: 202.
Mosquera, Gerardo. 1,000 Faces / 0 Faces / 1 Face: Cindy Sherman, Thomas Ruff, Frank Montero, B Fundacion Telefónica/La Fabrica, Madrid: 17-69.
Siegel, Katie. Since ’45, Reaktion Books, London: 77-80, 91, 11.
Princenthal, Nancy, ed. The Deconstructive Impulse: Women Artists Reconfigure the Signs of Power, 1973-1991, Neuberger Museum of Art, DelMonico Books Prestel, Munich: 138-145.
Stokes, Emily. “Me, myself and why,” Financial Times (January 7).

2010 Mixed Use Manhattan: Photography and Related Practices, 1970s to the Present, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; The MIT Press, Cambridge: 120-123.
Gioni, Massimiliano and Judy Ditner, eds. 10,000 Lives, Gwangju Biennale Foundation, Gwangju, Korea: 355.
Doctorow, E. L. “America: Nowandhere,” Aperture (Fall): 68, cover.
Poostchi, Becky. “Cindy: Blonde & Beyond,” POP (Autumn/Winter).
Blessing, Jennifer and Nat Trotman, Haunted: Contemporary Photography/Video/Performance, Guggenheim Museum Publications, New York: 23, 38, 80-81.
The Dissolve: Eighth International Biennial Exhibition 2010, Site Santa Fe, New Mexico: 136-139.

2009 Roselione-Valadez, Juan, ed. Beg Borrow and Steal, Rubell Family Collection, Miami: 218-225.
Higgs, Matthew. “Best of 2009,” Artforum (December): 177, cover.
Thomas, Elizabeth. Matrix/Berkeley: A Changing Exhibition of Contemporary Art, University of California, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley: 286.
Gingeras, Alison M. and Francesco Bonami, eds. Mapping the Studio: Artists from the François Pinault Collection, Palazzo Grassi, Venice; Mondadori Electa S.p.A., Milan: 176-181; 340-341.
Douglas Eklund, The Pictures Generation, 1974-1984, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Wood, Catherine. “Cindy Sherman,” L’Uomo Vogue (May/June): 114-121.
Schjeldahl, Peter. “Alien Emotions: Pictures Art Revisited,” The New Yorker (May 4): 74-75.
Cotter, Holland. “At the Met, Baby Boomers Leap Onstage,” The New York Times (April 24): C27, C30.
Rose, Rebecca. “Painted Smiles, Darker Truths,” The Financial Times (April 27).
Lewis, Ben. “Cindy Sherman Shoots the Wives of the Rich,” The Evening Standard, London (April 16).
Akbar, Arifa. “Being Cindy Sherman,” The Independent, London (April 16).
Januszczak, Waldemar. “Cindy Sherman: I’m Every Woman,” The Times, London (April 12).
Allsop, Laura. “The ‘Real’ Cindy Sherman,” Art Review (April): 70-75.
Baragiola, Francesco, ed. Un Certain Etat Du Monde? Skira Editore S.p.A., Milan: 74-81.
“My First New York: Cindy Sherman,” New York (April 20): 31.
Frankel, David. “Cindy Sherman: Metro Pictures,” Artforum (February): 186.
Respini, Eva. Into the Sunset: Photography’s Image of the American West, The Museum of Modern Art, New York: 128, 137 (cover).
Stahel, Urs, ed. Darkside II, Fotomuseum Winterthur and Steidl Verlag, Göttingen: 47, 65, 275.

2008 Tomkins, Calvin. Lives of the Artists, Henry Holt and Company, New York: 21-45.
Fried, Michael. Why Photography Matters As Art As Never Before, Yale University Press, New Haven: 8-9, 13-14.
Schwendener, Martha. “Female Trouble,” The Village Voice (December 16): 41.
Saltz, Jerry. “The Top Nine Shows (And One Event),” New York (December 15): 55.
Higgs, Matthew. “Cindy Sherman,” Interview (December/January): 145-149.
Saltz, Jerry. “Sherman’s March of Time: The Original Chameleon Shows Her Characters’ Aging— And is Reborn,” New York (December 1): 76-77.
Hershkovits, David. “In Your Face?,” Paper (November): 54-60.
This is Not To Be Looked At: Highlights from the Permanent Collection, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles: 274-275.
Ruf, Beatrix, ed. Blasted Allegories: Works from the Ringier Collection, JRP Ringier, Zurich: 222-225, 276, 316, 324-325.
Stevens, Mark. “How I Made It: Cindy Sherman on her ‘Untitled Film Stills,’” New York (April 14): 78-79.

2007 Biesenbach, Klaus, ed. Into Me / Out of Me, Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern: 424-425.
Millet, Catherine. “Cindy Sherman/Nicolas Ghesquire,” French Vogue (August): 158-165.
Schor, Gabriele. “Cindy’s Original Scene,” Held Together With Water, Sammlung Verbund, Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern: 46-71.
Sladen, Mark and Ariella Yedgar, ed. Panic Attack! Art in the Punk Years, Merrell Publishers Limited, London: 156-161.
Wrestle: Marieluise Hessel Collection, Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, Annadale-on-Hudson, New York: 52-69.

2006 Sherman, Cindy and Johanna Burton. “1,000 Words: A Play of Selves,” Artforum (January): 232-233. Loock, Ulrich, ed. The 80’s: A Topology, Museu Serralves, Portugal: 288-293.
Schor, Gabriele. “Cindy’s Original Scene: Doll Clothes,” Parkett (No.78): 24-28.
Celant, Germano and Lisa Dennison. New York New York: Fifty Years of Art, Architecture, Cinema, Performance, Photography and Video, Skira, Monaco: 348 – 349.
Richer, Francesca and Matthew Rosenzweig, ed. No. 1, D.A.P., New York: 344.
Superstars: von Warhol bis Madonna, Kunsthalle Wien & BA-CA Kunstforum: 222, 223, 267-271. Foster, Hal et al., Art Since 1900, Thames & Hudson, United Kingdom.
Burton, Johanna. “Cindy Sherman: Retrospective,” Artforum (May): 110-111.
“Une Vision Qui Se Deploie,” interviewed by Arthur Danto, Art Press (May): 24 – 31.
Bernstein, J.M. Against Voluptuous Bodies, Stanford University Press, California: 253 – 323.

2005 Verlag, Hatje Cantz. Flashback: Revisiting the Art of the 1980s, Kunstmuseum Basel, Museum fur Gegenwartskunst, Switzerland.

2004 Monument to Now: The Dakis Joannou Collection, DESTE Foundation for Contemporary Art, Athens: 358-359.
Woodward, Richard B. “Fun to Look Different,” Art News (May): 108.
Smith, Roberta. “The Ever-Shifting Selves of Cindy Sherman, Girlish Vamp to Clown,” The New York Times (May 28): E33.
Avgikos, Jan. “Reviews – Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures,” Artforum (September): 265.

2003 “Cindy Sherman Talks to David Frankel,” interview with David Frankel, Artforum (March): 54-55, 259-60.
Nesbit, Molly. “Bright Light, Big City: The ‘80s Without Walls,” Artforum: 184-9, 245-8.
Lubbock, Tom. “The Make-up Girl,” The Independent Review, London: 14-5.
Wood, Gabby. “I’m every woman,” The Observer, London (May 18).
Mullins, Charlotte. “Living doll,” Financial Times, London (June 7).
Berne, Betsy. “Studio Visit: Cindy Sherman,” TATE Arts and Culture, London (May/June): 36-42. Ford, Simon. “Head to Head: Cindy Sherman and Barbara Kruger in London,” Art Monthly (No 268, July-August 2003): 35-7 (cover).
Kimmelman, Michael. “Unambiguously Cindy,” New York Times Magazine (October 5): 32.
Slyce, John. “Beyond Recognition: The Unidentifiable Cindy Sherman,” Portfolio, London (No. 38, December): 42-49.
“Cindy Sherman,” Grafik, London (August): 52-3.

2002 Holly, Michael Ann and Keith Moxey, eds. Art History Aesthetics Visual Studies, essay by Michael Kelly, Yale University Press, New Haven: 122-46.
Hautnah- The Goetz Collection, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich: 82-5.
Visions from America: Photographs from the Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York: 130, 140, 221.
Grosenick, Uta and Burkhard Riemschneider, eds. Art Now, Taschen, Cologne: 452-5.

2001 Gleeson, David. “Reviews- Cindy Sherman,” Time Out London (January 3-10): 52.
Kaplan, Cheryl. “Cindy Sherman,” Tema Celeste (January–February): 91.
Leffingwell, Edward. “Cindy Sherman at Metro Pictures,” Art in America (June): 126.
Breitwieser, Sabine, ed. Double Life, Generali Foundation, Vienna.
Jasper Johns to Jeff Koons: Four Decades of Art from the Broad Collections, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California.
ABBILD: Recent Portraiture and Depiction, Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz, Austria.
American Visionaries, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York: 278.

2000 Pagel, David. "Sherman is the Very Picture of How Others Fall Short," Los Angeles Times (April 14): F22.
Inverted Odysseys, Claude Calhoun, Maya Deren, Cindy Sherman, ed by Shelley Rice, Massachussettes Institute of Technology, Grey Art Gallery; New York University; Museuem of Contemporary Art, North Miami.
Tompkins, Calvin. “Her Secret Identities,” The New Yorker (May): 74-83.
Gandee, Charles. “Women on the Verge,” Talk (May): 46.
Forgács, Éva. "Cindy Sherman,"Art issues (September/October): 46.
Koestenbaum, Wayne. “Fall Gals,” Artforum (September): 148-51 (cover).
Aletti, Vince. “The Lady Vanishes,” Village Voice (November 21): 85.
Kimmelman, Michael. “Cindy Sherman,” The New York Times (November 24): E36.
Yablonsky, Linda. “Vanity Fare,” Time Out New York (November-December): 91.
Varnedoe, Kirk, Paola Antonelli, and Joshua Siegel, eds. Modern Contemporary: Art at MoMA Since 1980, Museum of Modern Art, New York: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 41, 230, 347.
Hyper Mental, Kunsthaus Zürich/ Hamburger Kunsthalle, Germany: 101.
Wilson, Andrew. “Cindy Sherman,” Art Monthly (December-January): 33-4.

1999 Schjeldahl, Peter. "Valley of the Dolls," The New Yorker (June 7): 94-5.
Wei, Lilly. "Cindy Sherman: Metro Pictures," Artnews (September): 147.
Mason, Brook S. "Sherman's March," Artnews (September): 72.
Proyen, Mark Van. "Cindy Sherman," New Art Observer (October): 46.
Koether, Jutta. "Old Witnesses," Camera Austria (No. 67): 18-29 (cover).
Pollack, Barbara. "The 10 Best Living Artists: Self-Denial," Artnews (December): 146.
Hickey, Dave. "Best of the '90s," Artforum (December): 112-3.
Kraynak, Janet. "Cindy Sherman at Metro Pictures," Documents (Fall): 54-8.

1998 Bertelsen, Lone. “Nobody’s Here But Me: Cindy Sherman’s Photography and the Negotiation of a Feminine Space.” In Picture This: Media Representations of Visual Art and Artists. Edited by Philip Hayward. University of Luton Press: 187-202.
Carolin, Claire. “Cindy Sherman: History Portraits,” Contemporary Visual Arts (issue 17): 75. Forgáes, R. “Cindy Sherman,” Art Issues (January/February): 48.
Sawyer, Miranda. "The Invisible Woman," The Observer (Life weekend segment), England: 14-9.
“200 Women Legends, Leaders and Trailblazers,” Vanity Fair (November): 250.

1997 Hoban, Phoebe. "Sherman's March," Vogue (February): 240-3, 278.
Fuku, Noriko. "A Woman of Parts," Art in America (June): 74-81, 125.
Muschamp, Herbert. "Knowing Looks," Artforum (Summer): 106-11.
Plagens, Peter. "The Odd Allure of Movies Never Made," Newsweek (June 30): 74-5.
Stevens, Mark. "Performance Anxiety," New York (July 7): 58-9.
Smith, Roberta. "Film Starlet Clichés, Genuine and Artificial at the Same Time, The New York Times (June 27): C23.
Molesworth, Helen. "The Comfort of Objects: Helen Molesworth on Cindy Sherman's 'Untitled Film Stills' 20 Years on," Frieze (September/October): 45-7.
Knight, Christopher. "Camera Ready," Los Angeles Times (November 2): 5, 92.
Smith, Roberta. "A Horror Movie, Complete with Zombies," The New York Times (November 30): 41.
Johnston, Andrew. "Office Killer," Time Out (December 4-11): 83.
Anderson, John. "Office Killer Takes Aim at Horror Genre," The Los Angeles Times (December 5).

1996 Blair, Dike. "A Chat With Cindy Sherman," Flash Art (March/April): 82.
Hilton Als, "She Came From SoHo," The New Yorker (April 22): 38-9.

1995 Schjeldahl, Peter. "Master Class," The Village Voice (February 7): 77.
Blair, Dike. "Cindy Sherman-Metro Pictures," Flash Art (March-April): 103.
Wakefield, Neville. "Cindy Sherman," Artforum (April): 89.
Paice, Kim. "Cindy Sherman," Frieze (Issue 22, May): 60.
Johnson, Ken. "Cindy Sherman," Art in America (May): 112-3.
Kimmelman, Michael. "Portraitist in the Halls of Her Artistic Ancestors," The New York Times (May 19): C-1, C-7.

1994 Menard, Andrew. "Cindy Sherman: The Cyborg Disrobes," Art Criticism (vol. 9, No. 2): 38-48. Greenberg, Emily B. "Cindy Sherman and the Female Grotesque" in Art Criticism (vol. 9, no. 2): 49-55.
From Beyond the Pale - Cindy Sherman photographs 1977-1993, The Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin. Jurgen Klauke - Cindy Sherman, Sammlung Goetz, Munich.

1993 Avgikos, Jan. "Cindy Sherman: Burning Down the House," Artforum (January): 74-9.
Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman, Laurie Simmons, Kunsternes Hus, Oslo; Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki.
Krauss, Rosalind E. "Cindy Sherman's Gravity: A Critical Fable," Artforum (September): 163-4, 206.

1992 Sherman, Cindy Fitcher’s Bird, Rizzoli, New York.
Williamson, Judith. “Images of 'Woman': The Photography of Cindy Sherman”, Knowing Women: Feminism and Knowledge, Great Britain: The Open University: 222-25 (reprint from Screen, 1982). Bronfen, Elizabeth. Over Her Dead Body, Manchester University Press.
Wallach, Amei. "Tough Images to Face," Los Angeles Times (June 7).
D’Amato, Brian. “Cindy Sherman: Limbless Hermaphrodites and Dismembered Devil Dolls,” Flash Art (Summer 1992): 107.

1991 Currents 18: Cindy Sherman, Milwaukee Museum of Art.
Williams, Hugo. "Her Dazzling Career, Cindy Sherman at the Saatchi Collection," Times Literary Supplement, London (January 11): 10.
Mulvey, Laura. "A Phantasmagoria of the Female Body: The Work of Cindy Sherman," New Left Review (No. 188, July/August): 136-51.
Jauch, Ursula Pia. “I am Always the Other,” Parkett (No. 29): 74-80.
Jelinek, Elfriede. “Sidelines,” Parkett (No. 29): 82-90.
Bryson, Norman “The Ideal and the Abject,” Parkett (No. 29): 91-102.
Dickhoff, Wilfried. “Untitled Nr. 179,” Parkett (No. 29): 103-11.
Solomon-Godeau, Abigail. “Suitable for Framing,” Parkett (No. 29): 112-21.

1990 Smith, Roberta. "A Course in Portraiture by an Individualist with a Camera," The New York Times, Arts and Leisure (January 5): C19.
Collins, Glenn. "A Portraitist's Romp through Art History," The New York Times (February 2): C17, C20.
Schjeldahl, Peter. “Portrait: She is a Camera,” 7 Days (March 28): 17-9.
Adams, Brooks. "Cindy Sherman at Metro Pictures," Art in America (June): 172.
"Insert: Cindy Sherman," Parkett (No. 24): 119-33.

1989 Woodward, Rick. "Film Stills," Film Comment (April): 51-4.
Rimanelli, David. "New York: Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures," Artforum (Summer): 165.
Plagens, Peter. "Into the Fun House," Newsweek (August 21): 52-7.

1987 Smith, Roberta. "Art: Cindy Sherman at Metro Pictures," The New York Times (May 8).
Marzorati, Gerald. "Sherman's March," Vanity Fair (August): 135.
Brenson, Michael. "Art: Whitney Shows Cindy Sherman Photos," The New York Times (July 24): C31.
Danto, Arthur C. "Art: Cindy Sherman," The Nation (August 15-22): 134-7.
Ken Johnson,"Cindy Sherman and the Anti-Self: An Interpretation of Her Imagery," Arts Magazine (November): 47-53.

1986 Melville, Stephen W. "The Time of Exposure: Allegorical Self-Portraiture in Cindy Sherman," Arts Magazine (January): 17-21.
Drier, Deborah. "Cindy Sherman at Metro Pictures," Art in America (January).

1985 Mazeroti, Gerald. “Self-Possessed,” Vanity Fair (October).
Grundberg, Andy. "Cindy Sherman's Dark Fantasies Evoke a Primitive Past," New York Times (October 20).

1984 Gambrell, Jamey. "Marginal Acts," Art in America (March): 114-9.
Liebman, Lisa. "Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures," Artforum, March): 95.
Robotham, Rosemary. "One-Woman Show: Cindy Sherman Puts Her Best Face Forward," Life Magazine (June): 14-22.

1983 Linker, Kate. "Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures," Artforum (January): 79.
Currents 20. Cindy Sherman, essay by Jack Cowart, St. Louis Art Museum.
Marzorati, Gerald. "Imitation of Life," Artnews (September): 78-8, cover.
Lescaze, Lee. "Making Faces: A Photographer Dresses Up for Success," The Wall Street Journal (November 15): 32.
Goldberg, Vicki. "Portrait of a Photographer as a Young Artist," New York Times (October 23). Smith, Roberta. "Art," The Village Voice (November 29): 119.
Williamson, Judith. "Images of 'Woman': The Photographs of Cindy Sherman," Screen, London, (November/December): 102-16.

1982 Gambrell, Jamey. "Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures," Artforum (February): 85-6.
Schjeldahl, Peter. "Shermanettes," Art in America (March): 110-1.
Rhodes, Richard. "Cindy Sherman's 'Film Stills'," Parachute (September/October): 4-7, cover.

1981 Flood, Richard. "Cindy Sherman, Metro Pictures," Artforum (March): 80.
Crimp, Douglas. "The Photographic Activity of Postmodernism," October 15 (Winter): 99-102. Grundberg, Andy. "Cindy Sherman: A Playful and Political Post Modernist," New York Times(November 22).

1980 Cindy Sherman: Photographs, essay by Linda Cathcart, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston. Owens, Craig. “The Allegorical Impulse: Toward a Theory of Postmodernism, Part 2,” October 13 (Summer): 59-80.

1979 Crimp, Douglas. "Pictures," October 8 (Spring): 75-88.

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