Sophie Taeuber-Arp & Hans Arp: Cooperations – Collaborations
In a special presentation at Hauser & Wirth Publishers HQ, ‘Sophie Taeuber-Arp & Hans Arp: Cooperations – Collaborations’ brings together a selection of rare artist publications by Sophie Taeuber-Arp and Hans Arp from the collection of Daniel Segmüller and Ruth Seiler. The selected books and portfolios on view, made during the Dada movement onwards, celebrate artists coming together to forge new ideas in the face of challenging times. The collection features early examples of artistic collaboration in Dada Zurich with figures such as Tristan Tzara and Richard Huelsenbeck, as well as the work of celebrated modernist figures such as Max Ernst, Max Bill, Sonia Delaunay, and Alberto Magnelli. Original copies of Taeuber-Arp’s magazine ‘Plastique/Plastic’ are also on view in the presentation, which coincides with the major travelling retrospective ‘Sophie Taeuber-Arp: Living Abstraction’ at the Kunstmuseum Basel, organised in collaboration with the Tate Modern in London and the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The display in Zurich follows several collaborative projects with renowned collectors who share Hauser & Wirth Publishers’ passion for artists’ books, recognising their importance within artists’ practices and legacies.
Daniel Segmüller and Ruth Seiler have since the early 1980s built one of the most extensive collections of artists’ publications from the interwar period and have run an antiquarian bookshop in Lucerne for the past four decades. Together, they have amassed over 300 publications on and by Sophie Taeuber-Arp and Hans Arp and others of their contemporaries, which aptly capture the revolutionary spirit of Dada. For artists working in the period, the value of an artwork was not in the finished object, but in the joint act of making. Coming together in the aftermath of what they saw as a non-sensical war, printed matter was used by artists to communicate experimental ideas which rebelled against the status quo. Fusing text and image in radical ways, the publications on view highlight a breaking of artistic traditions and a blurring of authorship within the circles of the European avant-garde.
Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Ascona, Switzerland, 1925 © Stiftung Arp e.V., Berlin/Rolandswerth. Courtesy Stiftung Arp e.V., Berlin/Rolandswerth
Hans Arp and Sonia Delaunay from Album Grasse, Paris, Aux Nourritures Terrestres, 1950 (printed), Lithographs on paper © Stiftung Arp e.V., Berlin/Rolandswerth / 2021, ProLitteris, Zurich. Daniel Segmüller & Ruth Seiler Collection. Photo: Jon Etter
‘Despite the ominous time, for me the work of that time is one of the most beautiful things I have experienced. All vanity, arrogance, rivalry was eliminated in it.’
The artists at the heart of this book collection are Sophie Taeuber-Arp and Hans Arp, who first met at an opening at the Galerie Tanner in 1915 on the cusp of Dada forming in Zurich. The couple became collaborators soon after, and the influence of each other’s artistic styles is seen early on. The book ‘Phantastische Gebete (Fantastic prayers)’ (1916) by Hans Arp and Richard Huelsenbeck features sound poems that were performed by Huelsenbeck at the Cabaret Voltaire, alongside abstract woodcut prints by Arp which are reminiscent of the symmetrical geometries employed in Taeuber-Arp’s early textiles and works on paper. This exchanging of ideas between the couple and other artists in the form of publications would become central to their practice.
Marrying in 1922, Arp and Taeuber-Arp belonged to various artistic collectives from Cercle et Carré to Abstraction-Création and the Swiss group Allianz, and their circle of friends included the artists Sonia and Robert Delaunay, Wassily Kandinsky, Joan Miró, and Marcel Duchamp. In 1937, Sophie Taeuber-Arp founded the radical art magazine ‘Plastique/Plastic’, which traced modernist trends in art and opened channels of communication between artists across the Atlantic Ocean. As stated in the first issue, ‘Plastique is a magazine devoted to the study and appreciation of Abstract Art; its editors are themselves painters and sculptors identified with the modern movement in Europe and America.’ Original copies of the magazine in the presentation include work by Hans Arp, Leonora Carrington, Marcel Duchamp, and Max Ernst.
Cover of Plastique/Plastic No.5 L'homme qui a perdu son squelette, 1939, Magazine edited by Sophie Taeuber-Arp © Stiftung Arp e.V., Berlin/Rolandswerth. Daniel Segmüller & Ruth Seiler Collection. Photo: Jon Etter
Richard Huelsenbeck, Phantastische Gebete (Fantastic Prayers), Poems by Richard Huelsenbeck with 7 woodcuts by Hans Arp, Zurich, Collection Dada, 1916 © Stiftung Arp e.V., Berlin/Rolandswerth / 2021, ProLitteris, Zurich. Daniel Segmüller & Ruth Seiler Collection. Photo: Jon Etter
The display also includes some of the last works of the couple from 1941 – 42 made during their time in Grasse, German occupied Southern France, with Sonia Delaunay and Alberto Magnelli. This includes a portfolio of joint drawings titled ‘Album Grasse’, where the hand of the artist is layered and authorship becomes melded. The portfolio originally did not indicate the authors of each drawing, with the intention of leaving the viewer to guess which artists worked on each page. As writer Stefan Zweifel comments, ‘The works thus became statements against the excessive individualism of the time, in which nationalist mania and the cult of the leader devolved into a destructive power’. Arp later wrote about the experience: ‘We lived there for two years on this wonderful shore, surrounded by trembling crowns of light, waving flower fittings, sounding clouds, creating one of the most beautiful books. All kinds of collaboration have been tested in this book. It bears the names of the four as the title. Originally we planned to make the book appear anonymously. Despite the ominous time, for me the work of that time is one of the most beautiful things I have experienced. All vanity, arrogance, rivalry was eliminated in it.’ Their plan was to publish the portfolio of 10 lithograph prints in Grasse, before their lithographer was captured by the Gestapo. Sonia Delaunay saved these originals. After the war, she brought them to Paris and ‘Album Grasse’ was eventually printed in 1950.
‘Our Arp and Taeuber-Arp collection originated 33 years ago at a kitchen table on the Greek island of Ithaca,’ say the collectors Daniel Segmüller and Ruth Seiler . ‘It was there that we decided to establish an antiquarian bookshop together in Lucerne. Its name was to refer to our two specialties, literary modernism and its illustrated books. So, we christened the bookshop ‘Die Wolkenpumpe’ (The Cloud Pump)—after Hans Arp’s first volume of poetry. For us, his work represents the equal coexistence of literature and art, of word and image, as no other person does.’
Max Bill from 10 Origin, Zurich, Allianz-Verlag, 1942 (printed), Portfolio with 10 prints © Angela Thomas Schmid / 2021, ProLitteris, Zurich.Daniel Segmüller & Ruth Seiler Collection. Photo: Jon Etter
Sophie Taeuber-Arp from 10 Origin, Zurich, Allianz-Verlag, 1942 (printed), Portfolio with 10 prints © Stiftung Arp e.V., Berlin/Rolandswerth / 2021, ProLitteris, Zurich. Daniel Segmüller & Ruth Seiler Collection. Photo: Jon Etter
‘Thus, the foundation stone of our collection was laid with the acquisition of the small Dada booklet ‘Die Wolkenpumpe’, published in 1920,’ Segmüller and Seiler explain. ‘This was soon followed by further purchases of books and illustrated works by the artist couple Hans Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp. In addition to our first collection started 40 years ago—namely books of concrete, visual and sound poetry—the Arp and Taeuber-Arp collection with its almost 400 prints reflects our love for experimental literature and art forms of the 20th century. We hope that this small exhibition with selected. objects from our collection will inspire the younger audience in particular to develop their own passion for collecting.’
On display at the Publishers Headquarters in Zurich from 9 April – 26 June 2021, ‘Sophie Taeuber-Arp & Hans Arp: Cooperations – Collaborations’ lends a fascinating insight into the partnerships that Sophie Taeuber-Arp and Hans Arp cultivated throughout their careers, and the importance of independent book-making during shifting social and political agendas in the early 20th Century. The presentation is accompanied by a conversation between Daniel Segmüller, Michaela Unterdörfer, Director of Publications at Hauser & Wirth Publishers, and Dada specialist and writer Stefan Zweifel, by Ursula magazine on hauserwirth.com.