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27. B-Sides

Gary Simmons

Photo: Tito Molina, HRDWRKER

Photo: Tito Molina, HRDWRKER

Gary Simmons uses icons and stereotypes of American popular culture to create works that address personal and collective experiences of race and class.

Born in New York in 1964, Simmons received his BFA from the School of Visual Arts in 1988, and his MFA from CalArts in 1990, studying under the tutelage of Charles Gaines, Michael Asher, John Baldessari, Catherine Lord, Mike Kelley, and others. Upon graduation, Simmons established a studio in a former school in New York City. At this stage, he was working predominantly in sculpture, a medium he would return to in subsequent decades. Works from this period, such as ‘Big Dunce’ (1989), use schoolroom objects to address racial inequality and institutional racism through the filter of childhood experience, themes seen most explicitly in ‘Six-X’ (1989), comprising six child-sized Ku Klux Klan outfits hanging from a schoolhouse coatrack.

Simmons’ use of pedagogical motifs, in particular readymade chalkboards, led to the formal and aesthetic breakthrough that would inform much of his subsequent work, in which erasure of the image has been a powerful and recurring theme. The tropes of erasure and ephemerality suggest the fleeting nature of memory and histories re-written. Simmons draws from popular culture, music, vernacular, and cartoon imagery, specifically the racist characters of early animations. A landmark piece commissioned for the Whitney Biennial, ‘Wall of Eyes’ (1993), explored the aesthetic possibilities of chalkboard at a monumental scale. Simmons drew cartoon eyes in chalk over slate paint applied directly to the wall, then deliberately hand-smudged the chalk lines. As the artist explains: ‘I started to think about how images on blackboards can never be fully erased. It was about trying to erase a stereotype and the traces of the racial pain that you drag along with you.’

In further key commissions, Simmons has expanded beyond the confines of museum and gallery walls, creating performative and site-specific works which underline a relationship to a trajectory of art history that includes minimalism and conceptual art. For ‘Sky Erasure Drawings’ (1996), commissioned by the Chicago Museum of Contemporary Art, airplanes temporarily inscribed vapor stars in the daytime sky in liquid paraffin. For his immersive installation, ‘Fade to Black’ (2017), for the California African American Museum in Los Angeles, Simmons created five monumental wall murals featuring the titles of vintage silent films; the names of largely forgotten movies and African American actors appeared in big typewriter-style letters blurred with ghostly traces. In a recent series of works, Simmons mines the architecture of surveillance through depictions of watchtowers and lighthouses. Deliberately ambiguous, these works collapse the boundaries between signifiers of safety and those of control.

Simmons’ immersion in music has continually informed his practice which draws inspiration from dub, punk, hip-hop, reggae, and rap. Particularly influenced by the genres’ race and class-focused politics, the artist has created a number of works tracing the voices in music that have shaped contemporary culture. Simmons attracted significant critical attention in 2014 for his stacked speaker piece ‘Recapturing Memories of the Black Ark’. Inspired by Jamaican sound systems, the work was a living sculpture, with musicians invited to utilize it for performances and then leave whatever configuration they had used for those performances. The work’s ongoing history offers both a contrasting and complementary approach to the record of the past offered by the artist’s well-known erasure series of paintings.

For a site-specific installation commissioned for Culture Lab Detroit in 2016, Simmons was inspired by the guerrilla marketing style of fly-posting to promote gigs. Using found posters sourced from flea markets and the internet, he manipulated the originals, saturating the colors or reworking the texts, before layering onto plywood or canvas. These works evoke the fragmentation between individual and collective memory that preoccupies much of Simmons’ practice.

Biography

Born New York NY, 1964

Education

BFA, School of Visual Arts, New York NY, 1988
MFA, California Institute of the Arts, Valencia CA, 1990

Resides Lives and works in Los Angeles CA

Solo Exhibitions

2021 Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, 'Gary Simmons: The Engine Room', Seattle WA

2020 Metro Pictures, 'Gary Simmons: Screaming into the Ether', New York NY
Simon Lee Gallery, 'Gary Simmons: Dancing in Darkness', Central, Hong Kong

2018 Simon Lee, 'Green Past Gold', London, UK
Baldwin Gallery, 'Within Our Gates', Aspen CO

2017 California African American Museum, 'Fade to Black', Los Angeles CA
Southern Exposure, 'Recapturing Memories of the Black Ark', San Francisco CA
Regen Projects, 'Balcony Seating Only', Los Angeles CA

2016 The Drawing Center, 'Ghost Reels', New York NY
Culture Lab Detroit, Detroit MI
Simon Lee Gallery, 'Post No Bills', London, UK
Anthony Meier Fine Arts, 'Gary Simmons', San Francisco CA

2014 Metro Pictures, 'Fight Night', New York NY
Pérez Art Museum Miami, 'Project Gallery: Gary Simmons', Miami FL
Ikkan Art Gallery, 'Extant Phantoms', Singapore

2013 Baldwin Gallery, 'Gary Simmons. Sweet Science', Aspen CO
Regen Projects, 'Gary Simmons: Arena', Los Angeles CA
Museum of Modern Art Fort Worth, 'FOCUS: Gary Simmons', Fort Worth TX

2012 Metro Pictures, 'Gary Simmons', New York NY
Art Public at Art Basel Miami Beach, 'I Wish It Could Be Morning All Day Long', Miami Beach FL

2011 Simon Lee Gallery, 'Shine', London, UK

2010 Anthony Meier Fine Arts, 'Black Marquee', San Francisco CA
SAKS, 'Double Feature', Geneva, Switzerland
Metro Pictures, 'Midnight Matinee', New York NY

2008 Margo Leavin Gallery, 'Smoke', Los Angeles CA
Metro Pictures, 'Night of the Fires', New York NY
CAIS Gallery, 'Crawling Along the Edge of a Straight Razor', Seoul, South Korea / Hong Kong

2007 Anthony Meier, San Francisco CA
Simon Lee, 'House of Pain', London, UK

2006 The Bohen Foundation, '1964', New York NY

2005 Margo Leavin Gallery, 'Diggin’ in the Crates', Los Angeles CA

2004 Metro Pictures, New York NY

2003 Jan Weiner Gallery, 'Gary Simmons—Unique Drawings', Kansas City MO
Margo Leavin Gallery, 'Wishing', Los Angeles CA
Anthony Meier Fine Arts, 'Gary Simmons', San Francisco CA

2002 The Studio Museum in Harlem, 'Gary Simmons', New York NY (travelling exhibition)
SITE Santa Fe, 'Gary Simmons', Santa Fe NM (travelling exhibition)
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, 'Gary Simmons', Chicago IL (travelling exhibition)
CAIS Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

2001 SITE Santa Fe, 'Ghost House', New Mexico NM
Metro Pictures, 'Wishful Drinking', New York NY
Philadelphia Museum of Art, 'Desert Blizzard', Philadelphia PA

2000 Dia Art Foundation, 'Wake' [Artist Web Projects], online
Musée D’Art Americain, 'Bench Markers', Giverny, France
Margo Leavin Gallery, 'Country Grammar', Los Angeles CA

1999 Saint Louis Art Museum, 'Currents 80', Saint Louis MO

1998 The Gallery of the Department of Art & Art History, Dana Arts Center, Colgate University, Hamilton NY
Margo Leavin, Los Angeles CA
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1997 Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, 'Gary Simmons: Gazebo', San Diego CA
Galeri Charlotte Lund, Stockholm, Sweden
Montgomery Glasoe Fine Art, Minneapolis MN
Kunsthaus Zurich, 'Wall Drawings', Zurich, Switzerland

1996 Metro Pictures, New York NY
Galerie Philippe Rizzo, 'Boom, Bang!', Paris, France

1995 Metro Pictures, New York NY
The Contemporary, New York NY
Lannan Foundation, 'Gary Simmons: Erasure Drawings', Los Angeles CA

1994 Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute, 'Directions: Gary Simmons', Washington DC

1993 Galerie Philippe Rizzo, Paris, France
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1992 Roy Boyd Gallery, Santa Monica CA
Jason Rubell Gallery, Miami FL
Whitney Museum at Philip Morris, 'The Garden of Hate', New York NY

1991 Roy Boyd Gallery, Santa Monica CA
Simon Watson Gallery, New York NY

1990 White Columns, New York NY

Selected Group Exhibitions

2021 FTZART, 'Wherehouse', Shanghai, China
Galleri Opdahl, ‘Pushing The Margins: A Survey of LA Artists’, cur. Charles Gaines, Stavanger, Norway

2019 Desert X, 'DX19', Coachella Valley CA
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, 'Prisoner of Love', Chicago IL

2018 Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, 'Walls Turned Sideways', Houston TX
São Paulo Museum of Art, 'Histórias Afroatlânticas', São Paulo, Brazil
Museum of the African Diaspora, 'Second Look, Twice: Selections from the Collections of Jordan D. Schnitzer and His Family Foundation', San Francisco CA

2017 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 'Drawings from the Collection', San Francisco CA
Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis, 'Urban Planning', St. Louis MO
Studio Museum in Harlem, 'Excerpt', New York NY
Whitney Museum of American Art, 'An Incomplete History of Protest', New York NY
Walker Art Center, 'I am you, you are too', Minneapolis MN
The Fabric Workshop and Museum, 'Process and Practice', Philadelphia PA

2016 Whitney Museum of American Art, 'Human Interest: Portraits from the Whitney Collection', New York NY
de Young Museum, 'Paulson Bott Press: Celebrating Twenty Years', San Francisco CA

2015 La Biennale di Venezia, '56th International Art Exhibition. All the World’s Futures', Venice, Italy
Sharjah Biennial, 'The Past, The Present, The Possible', United Arab Emirates
Brooklyn Museum, 'I See Myself in You', Brooklyn NY
University of Michigan Museum of Art, 'Come As You Are: Art of 1990s', Ann Arbor MI (travelling exhibition)
Telfair Museums, 'Come As You Are: Art of 1990s', Savannah GA (travelling exhibition)
Montclair Art Museum, 'Come As You Are: Art of 1990s', Montclair NJ (travelling exhibition)
Krannert Art Museum, 'Time / Image', Champaign IL (travelling exhibition)
Blaffer Art Museum, 'Time / Image', Houston TX (travelling exhibition)

2014 Prospect International Contemporary Art Biennial, 'Prospect.3: Notes for Now', New Orleans LA
Cidade Matarazzo, 'Made by Brazilians', São Paulo, Brazil
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis, 'Drawing Ambience: Alvin Boyarsky and the Architectural Association', St. Louis MO
Concept NV, 'Black Eye', New York NY
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis, 'Encountering the City: The Urban Experience in Contemporary Art', St. Louis MO

2013 Children’s Museum of the Arts, 'Drawn to Language', New York NY
Artipelag, 'Blackboard: Teaching and Learning from Art', Värdmö, Sweden
LAND Los Angeles Nomadic Division, 'Painting in Place', Los Angeles CA
New Museum, 'NYC 1993: Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No Star', New York NY
Vladimir Restoin Roitfeld, 'Merci Mercy ', New York NY

2012 Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, 'Behold, America!', San Diego CA
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 'Decade: Contemporary Collecting 2002-2012', Buffalo NY
The Studio Museum in Harlem, 'The Bearden Project', New York NY
Haggerty Museum of Art, Marquette University, 'Thenceforward, and Forever Free', Milwaukee WI

2011 National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Korea, 'The American Art: Masterpieces from the Whitney', Seoul, South Korea
Parrish Art Museum, 'Artists Choose Artists', Southampton NY
Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, 'Building the Contemporary Collection: Five Years of Acquisitions', Durham NC
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, 'Pandora’s Box: Joseph Cornell Unlocks the Museum of Contemporary Art Collection', Chicago IL

2010 Whitney Museum of American Art, 'Singular Visions', New York NY

2009 Miami Art Museum, 'NeoHooDoo: Art of a Forgotten Faith', Miami FL
The Studio Museum in Harlem, '30 Seconds off an Inch', New York NY
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles 'Collecting History: Highlighting Recent Acquisitions', Los Angeles CA
The Jumex Collection, 'Nothingness and Being', Mexico City, Mexico
E-Flux Project Space, 'Unbuilt Roads', New York NY
Whitney Museum of American Art, 'Sites', New York NY
Margo Leavin Gallery, 'Reading Standing Up', Los Angeles CA

2008 The Jumex Collection, 'An Unruly History of the Readymade', Mexico City, Mexico
Midblock East,'The Station', Miami FL
Rubell Museum, '30 Americans', Miami FL (travelled to: North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh (2011); Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. (2012); Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk (2012); Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville (2013-2014); Contemporary Arts Center, New Orleans (2014); Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock (2015); Detroit Institute of Arts; Cincinnati Art Museum (2015-2016); Tacoma Art Museum (2016-2017); McNay Art Museum, San Antonio (2018); Juliet Art Museum, Charleston (2018); Tucson Museum of Art (2018-2019); Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha (2019)
Gwangju Biennale, Gwangju, South Korea
The Menil Collection, 'NeoHooDoo: Art for a Forgotten Faith', Houston TX
Gertrude Contemporary Art Spaces, 'The Softness in the Rock: Hope in Disappointing Times', Melbourne, Australia

2007 Wadsworth Atheneum Museum, 'For the Love of the Game, Race and Sport in America', Hartford CT
Chambers Fine Art, 'Chelsea to Caochangdi', Bejing, China
Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University, 'Collected Identities: Gifts from the Blake Byrne Collection', Durham NC
The Museum of Modern Art, 'Comic Abstraction: Image-Breaking, Image-Making', New York NY

2006 La Colección Jumex, 'Fifth Interpretation of the Collection', Pachuca, Mexico
Dorsky Gallery, 'The Constant Possibility of Erasure', New York, NY
Lennon, Weinberg, INC., 'Wallpaper Lab', cur. Ron Keyson, New York NY
Riverside Park Fund, 'Studio in the Park', produced by BravinLee Programs, New York NY
The Armory Show, 'Champagne Fall', New York NY

2005 More Art, Art Basel, 'Art Creates Communities Project', Miami Beach FL
Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, 'Double Consciousness: Black Conceptual Art Since 1970', Houston TX
Whitney Museum of American Art at Altria, 'Past, Presence, Childhood and Memory', New York NY
Andrea Rosen Gallery, 'Looking at Words: The Formal Presence of Text in Modern and Contemporary Works on Paper', New York NY

2004 Krannert Art Museum, 'Social Studies', Champaign IL
The Studio Museum in Harlem, 'Seeds and Roots: Selections from the Permanent Collection', New York NY
Center for Art and Visual Culture, University of Maryland, 'White: Whiteness and Race in Contemporary Art', Baltimore MD

2003 Laguna Art Museum, 'Whiteness, A Wayward Construction', Laguna Beach CA
Metro Pictures, 'Drawings', New York NY
Margo Leavin Gallery, 'Raid the Icebox', Los Angeles CA
Museum Villa Stuck, 'One Planet Under a Groove: Hip Hop and Zeitgenössische Kunst', Munich, Germany
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 'Supernova: Art of the 1990s from the Logan Collection', San Francisco CA

2002 Metro Pictures, New York
Palazzo Reale, 'New York Renaissance– Masterworks From the Whitney Museum of American Art', Milan, Italy
Douglas Udell Gallery, Vancouver, Canada

2001 Lawing Gallery, 'Locating Drawing', Houston TX
UCLA Hammer Museum, 'I’m Thinking of a Place', Los Angeles CA
Walker Art Center, 'One Planet Under a Groove - Hip Hop and Contemporary Art', Minneapolis MN (travelling exhibition)
Bronx Museum, 'One Planet Under a Groove - Hip Hop and Contemporary Art', New York NY (travelling exhibition)
The Museum of Contemporary Photography, Columbia College Chicago, 'Audible Imagery: Sound and Photography', Chicago IL

2000 Main Line Art Center, 'Art on the Line Comes Inside', Haverford PA
Addison Gallery of American Art, 'Point of Reference', Andover MA

1999 The Museum of Modern Art, 'Sightgags', New York NY
Metro Pictures, 'Drawn by...', New York NY
Kunsthalle, 'Heaven', Düsseldorf, Germany
Museum of Contemporary Art 'At Century's End', Lake Worth FL
Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, 'Billboard', North Adams MA
Whitney Museum of American Art, 'American Century', New York NY
New Museum, 'Videodrome', New York NY
Frederieke Taylor TZ'Art, 'Shoes', New York NY
Bakalar Gallery and Huntington Gallery, Massachusetts College of Art, 'Rapture', Boston MA

1998 Royal College of Arts, 'The Campaign Against Living Miserably', London, UK
Meyerson & Nowinski, 'Drawings...Second Annual Invitational', Seattle WA
Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles CA
The Fabric Workshop and Museum, 'Cut on the Bias', Philadelphia PA

1997 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 'New York: Drawings Today', San Francisco CA
Walker Art Center, 'No Place (Like Home)', Minneapolis MN
ICA Boston, 'Gothic', Boston MA
Metro Pictures, 'Now on View II', New York NY
McCollum / Simmons, S.L. Simpson Gallery, 'Karl Blossfeldt', Toronto, Canada
Meyerson and Nowinski, 'Drawings', Seattle WA
2nd Johannesburg Biennale, 'Trade Routes: History and Geography', Johannesburg, South Africa
Rhona Hoffman Gallery, 'No Small Feat', Chicago IL
Visual Arts Gallery, 'Coming Home Again', New York NY
Whitney Museum of American Art, 'Heart, Mind, Body, Soul: American Art in the 1990’s', New York NY
Installation Gallery, 'inSite97', San Diego CA

1996 Oldham Art Gallery, 'Imagined Communities', London, UK (travelling exhibition)
Museum of Contemporary Art, 'Defining the 90's: Consensus Making in New York, Los Angeles, and Miami', Miami FL
Stedelijk Museum, 'Under Capricorn: Art in the Age of Globalization', Eindhoven, Netherlands
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago IL
MK Espositieruimte, 'Getekend, Amerika!', Rotterdam, Netherlands
Galerie Philippe Rizzo, 'Aer 27 '96, Basel International Art Fair', Basel, Switzerland
Metro Pictures, New York NY
Friedrich Petzel, New York NY
Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, 'A/drift', New York NY
Museu d'Art Contemporani, 'Fragments: Proposta per a una col.leccio de fotografia contemporania', Barcelona, Spain
Künstlerhaus, 'Inklusion, Exklusion: Kunst im Zeitalter von Postkolonialismus und globaler Migration', Graz, Austria

1995 The Fabric Workshop and Museum, 'Glenn Ligon, Gary Simmons', Philadelphia PA
'Configura 2 - Dialog Der Kulturen - Erfurt 1995', Erfurt, Germany
Metro Pictures, New York NY

1994 Paine Webber Art Gallery, 'Urban Paradise: Gardens in the City', New York NY
Metro Pictures, New York NY
Randolph Street Gallery, 'Lousy Fear', Chicago IL
John Michael Kohler Arts Center, 'Labor and Leisure', Sheboygan WI
PaceWildenstein Gallery, 'Summer Academy I', New York NY
Armond Hammer Gallery, University of California at Los Angeles, 'Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art', Los Angeles CA (travelling exhibition)
Whitney Museum of American Art, 'Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art', New York NY (travelling exhibition)

1993 Whitney Biennial, '1993 Biennial Exhibition', New York NY
Thread Waxing Space, New York NY
Jersey City Museum, 'Contacts Proofs', Jersey City NJ
Metro Pictures, New York NY
Fine Arts Gallery, University of California, Irvine, 'The Theater of Refusal: Black Art and Mainstream Criticism', Irvine CA

1992 BlumHelman Warehouse, 'Structural Damage', New York NY
Berland/Hall, 'A Paper Trail', New York NY
University Art Gallery, University of California, 'The Politics of Difference: Artists Explore Issues of Identity', Riverside CA
The Heckscher Museum, 'The Edge of Childhood', Huntington NY
New Museum / French Cultural Services, 'The Big Nothing or Le Presque Rien', New York NY
Tony Shafrazi Gallery, 'How It Is', New York NY
Randolph Street Gallery, 'Back Talk', Chicago IL
Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable Center, 'Songs of Innocence/Songs of Experience', New York NY
Otis Parsons School of Design, 'Dissent, Difference, and the Body Politic', New York NY (travelling exhibition)
Portland Art Museum, 'Dissent, Difference, and the Body Politic', Portland OR (travelling exhibition)
The Drawing Center, 'Wall Drawings', New York NY

1991 Grey Art Gallery, NYU, 'Interrogating Identity: The Question of Black Art', New York NY (travelled to Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts; Walker Arts Center, Minneapolis; Madison Art Center, Wisconsin; Center for Fine Arts, Miami; Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, Ohio; Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina)
Simon Watson Gallery, 'The Subversive Stitch', New York NY
Meyers/Bloom Gallery, 'Someone Or Somebody', Santa Monica CA
Neue Gesellschaft fur Bildende Kunst, 'Schwarze Kunst: Konzepte zu Politik und Identitat', Berlin, Germany

1990 Krygier/Landau Contemporary Art, 'Earth', Santa Monica CA
Lang & O'Hara, 'Membership Has Its Privileges', New York NY
New Museum of Contemporary Art at Marine Midland Bank, 'Spent: Currency, Security and Art on Deposit', New York NY
Espace de Dieu, 'All Quiet on the Western Front?', Paris, France
San Francisco Art Institute Galleries, 'Official Language', San Francisco CA
Simon Watson Gallery, 'Total Metal', New York NY

1989 American Fine Arts, Co., New York NY

Awards & Grants

2013 The Joyce Alexander Wein Artist Prize

2007 USA Gund Fellowship

1991 Penny McCall Foundation Grant

1990 National Endowment for the Arts Interarts Grant

Bibliography

Selected Monographs

2012 Ferrando, Alexander, Mozo, Manuela (eds.), 'Paradise', Bologna: Damiani, 2012

2002 Breger, Maurice, Golden, Thelma, Sirmans, Franklin, 'Gary Simmons', Chicago: Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, 2002 (exh. cat.)
Gaines, Malik, 'Gary Simmons', Seoul: CAIS Gallery, 2002 (exh. cat).

2001 Gordon, Avery, 'Gary Simmons: Ghost House', Santa Fe: SITE Santa Fe, 2001 (exh. cat.)

1998 Princenthal, Nancy, 'Gary Simmons', Hamilton: The Gallery of the Department of Art & Art History, Dana Arts Center, Colgate University, 1998 (exh. cat.)

1996 Galerie Philippe Rizzo (ed.), 'Gary Simmons', Paris: Galerie Philippe Rizzo, 1996 (exh. cat.)

1995 Lyons, Lisa, 'Gary Simmons: Erasure Drawings', Los Angeles: Lannan Foundation, 1995 (exh. cat.)

1992 Golden, Thelma, 'Gary Simmons: The Garden of Hate', New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1992 (exh. cat.)

Selected Publications

2019 Choi, Connie H., 'Black Refractions: Highlights from The Studio Museum in Harlem', New York: American Federation of Arts/Rizzoli Electa, 2019, pp. 178-179

2018 Pedrosa, Adriano, Toledo, Tomás (eds.), 'Histórias Afro-Atlânticas', São Paolo: Instituto Tomie Ohtake/Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand, 2018, pp. 248, 291 (exh. cat.)

2016 Allard, Alexandre, 'Creative Invasion: Cidade Matarazzo', Sao Paolo: Associação Feito por Brasileiros, 2016, pp. 246-47
Black, Matt, 'Reflections. In Conversation with Today’s Artists', New York: Assouline, 2016, pp. 210-219

2015 Miller, Dana (ed.), 'Whitney Museum of American Art: Handbook of the Collection', New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2015, p. 350
Schwartz, Alexandra, 'Come As You Are: Art of the 1990s', Montclair: Montclair Art Museum, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015, p. 129 (exh. cat.)
Powell, Amy L. (ed.), 'Time / Image', Houston: Blaffer Art Museum, University of Houston, 2015, pp. 112-113 (exh. cat.)

2014 Chang, Jeff, 'Who We Be: The Colorization of America', New York: St. Martin's Press, 2014, p. 152

2013 Andersson, Frida, Höglund, Jessica (eds.), 'Blackboard: Teaching and Learning from Art', Värdmö: Artipelag, 2013, pp. 124-129, 162-163 (exh. cat.)
Gioni, Massimiliano, Carrion-Murayari, Gary, 'NYC 1993: Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No Star', New York: New Museum, 2013, p. 145 (exh. cat.)
Galpin, Amy (ed.), 'Behold, America! Art of the United States from Three San Diego Art Museums', San Diego: Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego / San Diego Museum of Art / Tinken Museum of Art, 2013, p. 325 (exh. cat.)

2012 Dreishpoon, Douglas, Grachos, Louis, Pagel, David (et al.), 'Decade: Contemporary Collecting
2002-2012' Buffalo: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 2012, pp. 144-145 (exh. cat.)
Lott, Jessica, Patel, Samir S. (eds.), 'The Bearden Project', New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 2012, pp. 197, 275 (exh. cat.)
Foster, A. Kristen, Murray, Kali, 'Thenceforward, and Forever Free', Milwaukee: Haggerty Museum of Art, Marquette University, 2012, pp. 20-21 (exh. cat.)

2011 Smith, Mariann W. (ed.), 'Albright-Knox Art Gallery: Highlights of the Collection', London: Scala Publishers, Buffalo: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 2011, pp. 143

2010 Joo, Eungie, Simmons, Gary, 'Re:Collection: Selected Works from The Studio Museum in Harlem', New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 2010, pp. 156-157

2009 Rattemeyer, Christian, 'The Judith Rothschild Foundation Contemporary Drawings Collection: Catalogue Raisonné', New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2009 p. 254
Beckwith, Naomi, '30 Seconds off an Inch', New York: The Studio Museum in Harlem, 2009, p. 49 (exh. cat.)
Dreishpoon, Douglas, Huyssen, Andreas, Riley Terence (et al.), 'Guillermo Kuitca: Everything', Buffalo: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Washington DC: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Miami: Miami Art Museum, London: Scala Publishers, 2009, p. 57

2008 Hobbs, Robert, Ligon, Glenn, Sirmans, Franklin (et al.), '30 Americans', Miami: The Rubell Family Collection, 2008, pp. 138-143 (exh. cat.)
CAIS Gallery (ed.), 'Crawling Along the Edge of a Straight Razor', Seoul: CAIS Gallery, 2008, p. 53 (exh. cat.)
Morgan, Jessica, 'An Unruly History of the Readymade', Mexico City: Fundación Jumex, 2008 (exh. cat.)

2007 Roberts, Rebecca, 'MoMA. Highlights Since 1980', New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2007, p. 156
Logan, Kent, Logan, Vicki, 'Impulse: Works on Paper from the Logan Collection', Vail: Logan Collection Vail, San Francisco: Overseas Printing Corporation, 2007, pp. 260-261
Marcoci, Roxana, 'Comic Abstraction: Image-Breaking, Image-Making', New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2007, pp. 108-113 (exh. cat.)

2006 Blancsubé, Michel, 'Fifth Interpretation of the Collection', Pachuca: La Colección Jumex, 2006, pp. 233, 250, 256

2005 Drucker, Johanna, 'Sweet Dreams: Contemporary Art and Complicity', Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2005, pp. 112-124
Wright, Richard, 'The Ethics of Living Jim Crow: An Autobiographical Sketch', Los Angeles: BukAmerica, 2005, cover, ill.
Kantor, Jordan, 'Drawing from the Modern: After the Endgames', New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2005, p. 143
Museo d’Arte Contemporanea (ed.), 'Castello Di Rivoli', Milan: Museo d’Arte Contemporanea / Castello di Rivoli Publishing, 2005, p. 291

2004 Coetzee, Mark, 'Rubell Family Collection – Not Afraid', New York: Phaidon Press Limited, 2004, p. 185
Zabunyan, Elvan, 'Black is a Color', Paris: Éditionas Dis voir, 2004, pp. 79-80

2002 Kertess, Klaus, 'Photography Transformed', New York, Harry N. Abrams, 2002, pp. 192, 253
Hirschberg, Stuart, Hirschberg, Terry, 'Every Day, Every Where—Global Perspectives on Popular Culture', Boston: McGraw Hill, 2002, p. 449
Whitney Museum of American Art (ed.), 'New York Renaissance—Masterworks from the Whitney Museum of American Art', Milan: Palazzo Reale, 2002, p. 174 (exh. cat.)
Davies, Hugh M., Kamps, Toby, 'Lateral Thinking: Art of the 1990s', San Diego: Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, 2002, pp. 112-113, 135 (exh. cat.)
Stroud, Marion Boulton, 'New Material as New Media', Philadelphia: The Fabric Workshop and Museum, 2002, pp. 98-105, 260-263

2001 Anderson, Maxwell Lincoln, 'American Visionaries', New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2001, p. 281
Kamps, Toby, 'Lateral Thinking: Art of the 1990’s', San Diego: Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, 2001, pp. 112-113, 135

2000 Bakalar Gallery and Huntington Gallery (eds.), 'Rapture', Boston: Bakalar Gallery and Huntington Gallery, Massachusetts College of Art, 2000
Musée D’Art Americain (ed.), 'Giverny Garden Projects', Giverny: Musée D’Art Americain, 2000
Varnedoe, Kirk, Antonelli, Paola, Siegel, Joshua (eds.), 'Modern Contemporary: Art at MoMA Since 1980', New York: Museum of Modern Art, 20-00, p. 470
The Fabric Workshop and Museum (ed.), 'Glenn Ligon and Gary Simmons', Philadelphia: The Fabric Workshop and Museum, 2000 (exh. cat.)

1999 Phillips, Lisa, 'The American Century: 1950-2000', New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1999, p. 339 (exh. cat.)
Steiner, Rochelle (ed.), 'Gary Simmons' [Currents 80 series], Saint Louis: The Saint Louis Art Museum, 1999 (exh. cat.)

1998 Gleadowe, Teresa, McFarland, Dale, 'The Campaign Against Living Miserably', London: Royal College of Arts, 1998 (exh. cat.)
Perée, Rob (ed.), 'Postcards from Black America', Netherlands: Hedendaagse Afrikans-Amerikaanse Kunst, 1998

1997 Vidler, Anthony, Wallen, Peter, 'Scene of the Crime', Los Angeles: The Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Center, 1997 (exh. cat.)
Marcoci, Roxana, Murphy, Diana, Sinaiko, Eve, 'New Art', New York: Abrams, 1997, p. 122
Siegel, Jeanne, 'Coming Home Again', New York: Visual Arts Gallery, 1997 (exh. cat.)
Fibicher, Bernhard, 'Wall Drawings', Zurich: Kunsthaus, Zurich, 1997
Decter, Joshua (ed.), 'A/Drift', Annandale-on-Hudson: Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, 1997 (exh. cat.)
Buck-Morss, Susan, García Canclini, Néster, Lewis, George E. (et al.), 'Insite97: Private Time In Public Space', San Diego: Installation Gallery, 1997, pp. 150-151, cover, ill.

1996 Papastergiadis, Nikos, 'Annotations 1: Mixed Belongings and Unspecified Destinations', London: Institute of International Visual Arts, Southampton: John Hansard Gallery, 1996
Hylton, Richard, Mercer, Kobena, 'Imagined Communities', London: Oldham Art Gallery, 1996 (exh. cat.)
Stedelijk Museum (ed.), 'Under Capricorn: Art in the Age of Globalization, Eindhoven: Stedelijk Museum, 1996 (exh. cat.)
Museu d'Art Contemporani (ed.), 'Fragments', Barcelona: Museu d'Art Contemporani, 1996 (exh. cat.)

1995 Dialog Der Kulturen (ed.), 'Configura 2 - Dialog Der Kulturen - Erfurt 1995', Erfurt: Dialog Der Kulturen, 1995 (exh. cat.)

1994 Alexander, Elizabeth (et al.), 'Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art', New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, Los Angeles: Armond Hammer Gallery, University of California at Los Angeles, 1994 (exh. cat.)
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (ed.), 'Directions: Gary Simmons', Washington: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute, 1994 (exh. cat.)

1993 Watson, Simon, Weber, John, 'Dissent, Difference and the Body Politic', Portland: Portland Art Museum, 1993 (exh. cat.)
Bhabha, Homi K., Fusco, Coco, Rich, B. Ruby (et al.), '1993 Biennial Exhibition', New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1993 (exh. cat.)
Lord, Catherine, 'The Theater of Refusal: Black Art and Mainstream Criticism', Irvine: Fine Arts Gallery,
University of California, Irvine, 1993 (exh. cat.)

1992 Coller, Barbara, Kuspit, Donald, 'The Edge of Childhood', Huntington: The Heckscher Museum, 1992 (exh. cat.)
Jones, Kellie, Phillips, L. Meredith, Sokolowski, Thomas W., 'Interrogating Identity: The Question of Black Art', New York: Grey Art Gallery, NYU, 1992 (exh. cat.)

Selected Press

2018 Keimig, Jasmine, 'Gary Simmons Built a Life-Sized Garage for a Rock Band Inside This Seattle Museum', on: thestranger.com, 27 May 2021, ill.
Taft, Catherine, 'Gary Simmons', in: Artforum, New York, February 2018, p. 197
Herbowy, Greg, 'Hands On', in: Visual Arts Journal, New York, Fall/Winter 2018, pp. 56-65, cover, ill.

2017 Vankin, Deborah, 'His art centers on African American actors whose film titles 'Fade to Black'',
on: latimes.com, 12 July 2017

2016 Stryker, Mark, 'NYC Artist Gary Simmons Papers Detroit with Vintage Music Posters', on: DetroitFreePress.com, 14 September 2016
Dafoe, Taylor, 'Gary Simmons Installation to Inaugurate Culture Lab Detroit', on: BlouinArtInfo.com, 31 August 2016

2015 Indrisek, Scott, 'Come As You Are: A ‘90s Flashback in New Jersey', on: Artinfo.com 10 February 2015
Bass, Jodie, 'Gary Simmons', on: bombmagazine.org, 7 January 2015

2014 ___, 'Pamm Project Gallery: Gary Simmons', on: Tropicult.com 12 November 2014
Peers, Alexandra, 'The Art World: Billions are in the Eye of the Beholder', in: New York Observer, New York, 10 November 2014, pp. 44-45
Dawson, Jessica, 'Gary Simmon’s Boxing-Related Art at Two Locations', in: The Wall Street Journal, New York, 24 October 2014
___, 'Gary Simmons at Perez Art Museum Project Gallery', on: miamiartguide.com, 15 July 2014
Lefort, Pierre, 'La Nouvelle-Oréans Mise en Prospective', in: L’Officiel Art, Paris, March 2014, pp. 122-127
___, '2013 Joyce Alexander Wein Artist Prize: Gary Simmons', in: The Studio Museum in Harlem Magazine, Winter/Spring 2014, pp. 79-80

2013 ___, 'Gary Simmons: Downtown Reflections' [with video directed by Matt Black], on: Nowness.com, 27 August 2013
Doran, Anne, 'NYC 1993: Jet Set, Trash and No Star', in: Art in America, New York, May 2013, pp. 161-162

2012 Becker, Noah, 'Gary Simmons', in: ArtVoices, Winter 2013, pp. 8-11, cover, ill.

2011 Gwen Allen, 'Reviews: Gary Simmons', in: Artforum, New York, February 2011, p. 235
Rosenberg, Karen, 'A Haunting Tour, One Room at a Time', in: The New York Times, New York, 21 January 2011, p. 31
Selz, Gabrielle, 'What’s Black and White and Tread All Over', on: huffingtonpost.com, 24 February 2011

2010 Katchaluba, Oksana, 'Gary Simmons', on: ArtWrit.com, Volume IV, Fall 2010
Baker, Kenneth, 'Gary Simmons on ‘70s 'blaxploitation' Nostalgia', in: San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, 4 December 2010
___, 'Gary Simmons Double Feature', in: Artcollector, September/October 2010, pp. 42-43
McClemont, Doug, 'Reviews New York: 30 Seconds off an Inch', in: Art News, New York, April 2010, pp. 112-113

2009 Wylie, Charles, 'Words and Images', in: Dallas Cowboys Star Gameday, 1 November 2009, pp. 147-148
Cash, Stephanie, 'Insight: Dallas Scores', in: Art in America, New York, October 2009, p. 36
Neil, Jonathan T.D., '30 Americans', in: Art Review, March 2009, pp. 128-129

2008 ___, 'It Was All A Blur', in: V Magazine, no. 56, Winter 2008, p. 55
Decter, Joshua, 'Gary Simmons: Metro Pictures', in: Artforum, New York, December 2008, pp. 297-298
Knight, Christopher, 'Behind 'Smoke,' Fiery Messages', in: The Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 7 November 2008, p. E18
Cohen, David, 'Painting’s Post-Feminist Form & Sculpture’s Matron Saint', on: NYSun.com, 17 September 2008

2007 Pitcher, Cheri, 'Gary Simmons', in: Creative Quarterly, Spring 2007, pp. 10-15
Baker, Kenneth, 'An Aesthetic Appreciation of quarries', in: The San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, 6 October 2007
Riley, Cheryl R., 'Gary Simmons: The Art of Erasure', in: Ebony, April 2007, pp. 108-112
Smith, Roberta, 'Visions That Flaunt Cartoon Pedigrees', in: The New York Times, New York, 2 March 2007, pp. E27, E34

2006 Douglas, Sarah, 'Staying Power', in: Art + Auction, November 2006, pp. 160-167
Heartney, Eleanor, 'Gary Simmons at the Bohen Foundation', in: Art in America, New York, October 2006, p.188
Martegani, Micaela, 'Gary Simmons, Tema Celeste', September / October 2006, p. 78
Cotter, Holland, 'Experience Matters: Creators in Midcareer and Beyond', in: The New York Times, New York, 21 April 2006, pp. E31, E39
___, 'Gary Simmons: '1964'', in: Time Out New York, 13-19 April 2006, p. 80
Cotter, Holland, 'The World Tour Rolls into Town, Sprawling but Tidy', in: The New York Times, New York, 10 March 2006, pp. E29, E41

2005 Sussman, Elisabeth, 'Then and Now: Whitney Biennial 1993', in: Art Journal, Spring 2005, pp. 74-79 Stakias, Lauren, 'The Beginning is the Word', in: ArtReview, May 2005, p. 29
Swift, Rob, Tate, Greg, 'We’re Going Back: Gary Simmons talks with Rob Swift and Greg Tate' [interview], in: Yard, London Terrace Station, New York, pp. 34-41

2003 Kerr, Merrily, 'Gary Simmons—If These Walls Could Talk', in: Flash Art, January/ February 2003,
pp. 98-100
Ebony, David, 'Gary Simmons at the Studio Museum in Harlem', in: Art in America, New York, June 2003, p. 116
Campbell, Clayton, 'The Last White Art Show', in: Flash Art, October 2003, pp. 59-61

2002 Golden, Thelma, 'Diary', in: Slate, 20 February 2002
Hummer, Tracey, 'The Persistence of Memory', in: Smock, New York, Winter 2002, pp. 52-3
Hawkins, Margaret, 'Chalk One Up For Simmons', in: Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago, 10 February 2002
Artner, Alan G., 'Memory of Now', in: Chicago Tribune, Chicago, 21 February 2002, p. 3
Ming-Wong, Derek, 'Erasure and Expansion at the MCA', in: Chicago Weekly News, Chicago, 21 February 2002
Thorson, Alice, 'Simmons: Unerasable Impact', in: The Kansas City Star, Kansas City, 3 March 2002, pp. K-1, 4
Womack, Ytasha, 'Gary Simmons Erasure Art Featured at MCA', in: Chicago Daily Defender, Chicago, 9 March 2002
Camper, Fred, 'Pushing Back', in: Chicago Reader, Chicago, 29 March 2002
Douglas, Sarah, 'Gary Simmons: Site Santa Fe', in: The Art Newspaper (What's On), June 2002, p. 8
Kirshner, Judith Russi, 'Gary Simmons—Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago', in: Artforum, New York, Summer 2002, p. 170
Cline, Lynn, 'The Fleeting Work of Gary Simmons', in: Pasatiempo, New Mexico, 21-27 June 2002, pp. 34-6
___, 'Chalk Show', in: New York Magazine, New York, 9 September 2002, p. 68
Newhall, Edith, 'Chalk Talk', in: New York Magazine, New York, 14 October 2002, p. 109
Sundell, Margaret, 'Return Engagement', in: Time Out New York, 24-31 October 2002, pp. 66-67
Valdez, Sarah, 'Gallery—Gary Simmons', in: Paper Magazine (PM), November 2002, p. 12
___, 'Studio Museum in Harlem', in: The New Yorker, New York, 11 November 2002, p. 38
Schwendener, Martha, 'New York Critics’ Picks—Gary Simmons', on: Artforum.com, 29 October 2002
Bhatnagar, Priya, 'Focus Painting—Gary Simmons', in: Flash Art, November-December 2002, p. 88

2001 Zellen, Jody, 'Reviews: Los Angeles', in: Art Papers, March/April 2001, pp. 52-53
Lee, Morgan, 'Art House', in: Albuquerque Journal, Albuquerque, 14 May 2001, pp. 1, 3
Sirmans, Franklin, 'The No-Tech Way Toward Art-Making', in: The New York Times, New York, 2 September 2001, p. AR 27
Dannatt, Adrian, 'Black Conceptualist Month', in: The Art Newspaper, September 2001, p. 78
Knight, Christopher, 'Simmons: Emotions Emerging in Art', in: The Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 28 September 2001, pp. F1, F18
Richard, Frances, 'Preview Spring 2002—Gary Simmons', in: Artforum, New York, January 2001, p. 46
Stone, Katherine, 'On Digital Art', in: ARTisSpectrum, vol. 10, pp. 15-19

2000 Kerwin, Jessica, 'The Digital Camera', in: W Magazine, May 2000, p. 196
Shottenkirk, Dena, 'Four on the Floor', in: International Contemporary Art, no. 66, Summer 2000, p. 44
___, 'An Artists’ Community Opens Its Doors This Weekend', in: The Boston Globe, Boston, 18 October 2000

1999 Baker, George, 'Gary Simmons: Metro Pictures', in: Artforum, New York, March 1999, p. 113
Bayoumi, Moustafa, 'Intellectual Spectacle', in: Borderlines, no. 48, 1999, pp. 12-15
Frankel, David, 'Billboard', in: Artforum, New York, May 1999, p. 59
Kerman, Byron, 'Space Explorer', in: The Riverfront Times, 8-14 December 1999, p. 27
Watson, Simon, 'Laura Says', on: Artnet.com, 3 December 1999

1998 Hollander, Kurt, 'Import/Export: Crossover Dreams', in: Art in America, New York, May 1998, pp. 46-51
Bhabha, Homi K., 'The White Stuff', in: Artforum, New York, May 1998, pp. 21-24
Ferguson, Russell, 'Tomato Cans', in: Visual Arts and Culture, New York, June 1998, pp. 2-13
Pagel, David, 'Too Close for Comfort', in: Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 5 June 1998, p. F 25
Darling, Michael, 'Gary Simmons at Margo Leavin', in: LA Weekly, Los Angeles, 2 July 1998, p. 58
Fredericksen, Eric, 'Drawing Lessons', in: The Stranger, Seattle, 23 July 1998, p. 25
Updike, Ron, 'Drawing on a Diverse Palette', in: Seattle Times [Visual Arts Section], Seattle, 16 July 1998
Hackett, Regina, 'Drawing Invitational Reveals Personal Taste', in: Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Seattle, 22 July 1998, p. F5
Isé, Claudine, 'Gary Simmons', in: Art Issues, September/October 1998, p. 44
Campbell, Clayton, 'Gary Simmons', in: Flash Art, November/December 1998, pp. 109-110
D.P., 'German Artist's Abound in Chelsea', in: The Art Newspaper, London, no. 87, p. 60

1997 Rimanelli, David, 'A/Drift', in: Artforum International, February 1997, p. 83
Del Re, Gianmarco, 'Imagined Communities', in: Flash Art, Jan-Feb 1997, p. 63
Sirmans, M. Franklin, 'News: Gary Simmons', in: Flash Art, May/June 1997, p. 52
Sirmans, M. Franklin, 'Remixing the Art World: Art in the Global Marketplace', in: Flash Art, May/June 1997, pp. 69-72
Princenthal, Nancy, 'Gary Simmons: Disappearing Acts', in: Art/Text, May-July 1997, pp. 52-57
___, 'Curve (Ghoster) & Oh My', in: New Observations, no. 115, 1997, pp. 14-15
Bonami, Francesco, 'No Place Like Home, in: Flash Art, Summer 1997, p. 131
Sherman, Paul, 'ICA's Gothic Film Series is a Frightfully Good Time', in: Boston Herald, Boston, 5 May 1997,
Duehr, Gary, ''Gothic' is Spooky: ICA Exhibit Touches on Terror and Taboo', in: TheTAB, 6-12 May 1997
Millis, Christopher, 'Gothic Lite: Few Chills or Thrills in the ICA’s 'Transmutations of Horror'', in: The Boston Phoenix [Arts segment], 2 May 1997, pp. 10-11
Schulman, Ken, 'A Touch of Class', in: ARTnews, May 1997, p. 87
___, 'Dark Art at the ICA', in: The Boston Phoenix, 18 April 1997
Sherman, Mary, 'ICA Show Slakes First for Horror', in: Boston Herald, Boston, 25 April 1997
Temin, Christine, 'At ICA, Art that Goes Bump in the Night', in: The Boston Globe [Arts segment], Boston, 25 April 1997
Smith, Roberta, 'The Horror: Updating the Heart of Darkness', in: The New York Times [Arts segment], New York, 1 June 1997
Leken, Verena, 'Oh, gruase dich, es ist so schon', in: Feuilleton, 26 June 1997
Ardenne, Paul, 'Art: L'Âge Contemporain', in: Regard, Paris, 1997, p. 183

1996 Masterson, Piers, 'Imagined Communities', in: Art Monthly, March 1996, pp. 33-35
Bracewell, Michael, 'Beyond These Four Walls', in: The Independent, London 13 February 1996, section 2
Harry, Allister, 'Black Community...Who/ Us?', in: Voice, UK, 27 February 1996
Kent, Sarah, 'Divided We Stand', in: Time Out, UK, 13 September 1996, p. 49
Gale, Iain, 'Full of Sound and Fury Signifying', in: Scotland on Sunday, 26 January 1996, p. 14
Palffy, Georgina, 'Imagined Communities', in: What's On, UK, 25 September 1996
Lofting, Claire, 'Society Portraits', in: Blueprint, UK, March 1996, p. 39
Vincent, Martin, 'Community of Artists', in: City Life, UK, 24 January 1996
Reynolds, Adam, 'Imagined Communities', in: Disability Now, UK, October 1996
___, 'Take Out: Art', in: Time Out New York, 13-20 March 1996, p. 3
Karmel, Pepe, 'Gary Simmons' [review], in: The New York Times, New York, 22 March 1996, p. C27
___, 'MK Expositieruimte: Getekend, Amerika!', in: Rotterdam On Line, tekenen/ drawing '96, p. 53 MacAdam, Barbara A., 'Varsari Diary: 'Urban Dreamers'', in: Artnews, April 1996, pp. 39-40
Miller, Paul D., 'Tonic Boom', in: The Village Voice, 2 April 1996, p. 72
___, 'Gary Simmons', in: The New Yorker, New York, 1 April 1996, p. 21
Genies, Bernard, 'L’art au bout du fusil', in: Le Nouvel Observateur, 4-10 April 1996, pp. 128-30
Schoenfeld, Alissa, 'Gary Simmons' [review], in: Critical Review [art review magazine on Internet], 1 April 1996
Colman, David, 'Pretty on the Outside', in: George, June 1996, pp. 117-118
___, 'Art as Idea', in: Scholastic Art, April/May 1996, pp. 4-5
Eskin, Leah, 'Gone With the Wind', in: Chicago READER, Chicago, 5 July 1996, pp. 1-37
Carron, Natacha, 'Gary Simmons - Philippe Rizzo' [review], in: Flash Art, October 1996, p. 118
Volk, Gregory, 'Gary Simmons at Metro Pictures' [review], in: Art in America, New York, October 1996, p. 114
Schwendener, Martha, 'Catch My Drift', in: Time Out, 12-19 December 1996, p. 40
Smith, Roberta, 'Finding Art in the Artifacts of the Masses', in: The New York Times [Arts & Leisure], New York, 1 December 1996, pp. 43-44, 46
Hofleitner, Johanna, 'Inclusion: Exclusion', in: Argus Media, Zurich, no. 1317, 16 October 1996
Sirmans, Franklin, 'Steirischer Herbst '96: Barfly Theory at the Show', in: Flash Art News, December 1996, pp. 38-39
Enwezor, Okwui, 'Inclusion/Exclusion: Art in the Age of Global Migration and Postcolonialism', in: Frieze, March/April 1996, pp. 89-90
Prinzhorn, Martin, 'Inclusion/Exclusion', in: Texte zur Kunst, March 1996, pp. 183-184
Spiegl, Andreas, 'Inclusion/exclusion', in: Springer, April 1996, pp. 57-59
Hoffmann, Justin, 'Inclusion/Exclusion', in: Kunstforum, Feb-May 1996, pp. 350-353
Hutter, Frido, 'Welt-Nachrichten', in: Kleine Zeitung, Graz, 21 September 1996
Puhringer, Alexander, 'Inclusion/Exclusion', in: Noema, no. 43, Dec 1996/Jan 1997, p. 104
Krumpl, Doris, 'Rand-Zonen und die Kunst der Landsvermessung', in: Der Standard, 29 September 1996
Niegelhell, Franz, 'Kritik an der Ausgrenzung als Kritik an der Kultur', in: Samstag, 21 September 1996, p. 29
Behr, Martin, 'Erlebnisreiche Reise zu postkolonialer Kunst', in: Salzburger Nachrichten, 29 September 1996
Vogel, Sabine, 'Fernverbindungen', in: Erscheinungsdatum, 25 September 1996
Herbst, Steirischer, 'Geschuttelt, Nicht Geruhrt', in: Falter Verlag, 3 October 1996, p. 26
Hofleitner, Johanna, 'Postkolonialismus, Ausgrenzung, arme Materialien', in: Die Presse, 30 September 1996
Lienert, Konrad Rudolf, 'Wandern in Europa und Anderswo', in: Tages-Anzeiger, 8 October 1997
___, 'Eine neue Geografie de Macht', in: Steirerkrone, 24 September 1996

1995 Tate, Greg, 'Start Black-Owned Conceptual Bomber', in: Vibe, February 1995
Nochlin, Linda, 'Learning from 'Black Male'', in: Art in America, New York, March 1995, pp. 86-91
Howell, George, 'Gary Simmons: Erasures', in: Art Papers, March/April 1995, pp. 39-40
___, 'If They Built a Memorial to the War In the Streets', in: The New York Times Magazine, New York, 9 April 1995, p. 112
Newhall, Edith, 'Installation: Now Growing in SoHo', in: New York Magazine, New York, 1 May 1995
Hoving, Thomas, 'Art for the Ages', in: Cigar Aficionado, Summer 1995, pp. 214-226
Eccles, Tom, 'Gary Simmons at The Contemporary and Metro Pictures', in: Art in America, New York, July 1995, pp. 83-84
Pagel, David, 'The Writing's on the Wall', in: Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 24 September 1995, pp. 63, 66
Knight, Christopher, 'Social Studies on the Blackboard', in: Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 5 October 1995, pp. F1, F8, F10
Pagel, David, 'Gary Simmons', in: Frieze, no. 24, September/October 1995, pp. 79-80
___, 'More Reduction & Erasure at Lannan (But it's not what you think...)', in: Flash Art, November-December 1995, p. 41
Albertini, Rosanna, 'Gary Simmons - Lannan Foundation', in: Art Press, no. 208, December 1995, p. 76
Rugoff, Ralph, 'Best & Worst 1995', in: Artforum, New York, December 1995, p. 67
Perchuk, Andrew, 'Gary Simmons - Lannan Foundation', in: Artforum, New York, December 1995, pp. 94-95
Knight, Christopher, 'Art: Canvassing the Year of Brilliance', in: Los Angeles Times [Calendar Section], Los Angeles, 31 December 1995, p. 27
Greene, David A., 'Imperfect World: Gary Simmons Fights the Power with Subtle Beauty' [review for show at Lannan Foundation], in: Los Angeles Reader, Los Angeles, 7 October 1995

1994 Avgikos, Jan, 'Gary Simmons at Metro Pictures', in: Artforum, New York, January 1994, p. 87
Stein, Deidre, 'The Multiple Multiplies', in: Artnews, May 1994, pp. 85-86
Plagens, Peter, Cose, Ellis, 'Black Like Whom?', in: Newsweek, 14 November 1994, pp. 64-67
Gardner, Paul, 'Light, Canvas, Action: When Artists Go to the Movies', in: Artnews, December 1994,
pp. 124-129
Clearwater, Bonnie, 'Arrested Childhood', in: Art Press, no. 197, December 1994, pp. 33-40

1993 Ray, Gene, 'Gary Simmons', in: Flash Art, January/February 1993, p. 94
Matussek, Matthias, 'Kunst als Schauprozess', in: Der Spiegel, 12 April 1993, pp. 228-232
Cotter, Holland, 'Gary Simmons: Metro Pictures', in: The New York Times, 8 October 1993, p. C30
Brumfield, John, 'Marginalia: Life in a Day of Black L.A. or, The Theater of Refusal', in: Art Issues, no. 29, September/October 1993, pp. 24-27
Agboton-Jumeau, Jean Charles, 'Gary Simmons and M. Franklin Sirmans at Galerie Rizzo', in: Forum International, October/November 1993, p. 133
Wallach, Amei, 'Art with an Attitude', in: New York Newsday, New York, 5 March 1993, pp. 52-53
Solomon, Deborah, 'A Showcase for Political Correctness', in: The Wall Street Journal, New York, 5 March 1993, p. A7
Smith, Roberta, 'A Whitney Biennial with a Social Conscience', in: The New York Times, New York, 5 March 1993, pp. C1, C27
Knight, Christopher, 'Crushed By Its Good Intentions', in: Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 10 March 1993, pp. F1, F8-F9

1992 Ramiriz, Yasmin, 'Gary Simmons', in: Art in America, New York, December 1992, p. 116

1991 Smith, Roberta, 'The Subversive Stitch', in: The New York Times, New York, 12 July 1991
Levin, Kim, 'Choices', in: The Village Voice, New York, 16 July 1991
Smith, Roberta, 'Interrogating Identity', in: The New York Times, New York, 17 March 1991
Carter, Cathy, 'Galleries', in: Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 28 June 1991
Faust, Gretchen, 'NY in Review', in: Arts Magazine, February 1991, p. 103
Gipe, Lawrence, 'Gary Simmons', in: Flash Art, October 1991, p. 142
Kendal, Susan, 'LA in Review', in: Arts Magazine, October 1991, p. 103
Mahony, Robert, 'New York in Review', in: Arts Magazine, March 1991, p. 94
Nesbitt, Lois, 'Interrogating Identity', in: Artforum, New York, Summer 1991, p. 115

1990 Anderson, Michael, 'Gary Simmons', in: Art Issues, March/April 1990, p. 23
Gardner, Colin, 'Gary Simmons', in: Artforum, New York, March 1990, p. 169
Ischar, Doug, 'Articulating Subjectivity', in: Artweek, 18 January 1990, p. 11

1989 Frank, Peter, 'Pick of the Week', in: LA Weekly, Los Angeles, 29 December 1989
Curtis, Cathy, 'Galleries', in: Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, 15 December 1989
Levin, Kim, 'Critics Pick', in: The Village Voice, New York, Summer 1989

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